Renato Raffaele MARTINO
Präsident des Päpstlichen Rates für Gerechtigkeit und Frieden
Primary and secondary studies in Salerno
University studies at:
- Pontifical Gregorian University: Philosophy and Theology
- Pontifical Lateran University: Civil and Canon Law
- Pontifical Pastoral Institute at the Lateran University
PH.D. in Canon Law
- Sacra Romana Rota
- Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy: Diplomacy
In the diplomatic service of the Holy See since July 1, 1962, he served successively at the Apostolic Nunciature:
1962-1964 Attaché and Second Secretary, Nicaragua
1964-1966 Second Secretary and First Secretary, Philippines
1966-1970 First Secretary and Second Auditor, Lebanon
1975-1978 Counsellor, Canada
1978-1980 Counsellor, Brazil
From 1970 to 1975, called back to the Vatican, he was Head of the Department for International Organizations at the Secretariat of State.
While serving at the Apostolic Nunciature in Brazil, he was appointed Apostolic Pro-Nuncio to Thailand on 14 September 1980, and also Apostolic Delegate to the Republic of Singapore, Malaysia, the Lao People's Democratic Republic and Brunei Darussalam.
After the establishment of Relations with the Republic of Singapore on June 24, 1981, he was appointed first Apostolic Pro-Nuncio to Singapore.
His term of office in Bangkok ended on 3 December 1986, when he was appointed as third Permanent Observer of the Holy See to the United Nations Headquarters, New York, succeeding Monsignor Alberto Giovannetti and Archbishop Giovanni Cheli.
In 1991, Archbishop Martino established the Path to Peace Foundation in order to help support and facilitate the work of the Holy See Mission at the United Nations.
On 1 October 2002, His Holiness Pope John Paul II named Archbishop Martino President of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace, and created him Cardinal in the Consistory of October 21, 2003.
On 11 March 2006, His Holiness Pope Benedict XVI named Cardinal Martino President of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant People.