zum Inhalt
Header Image

04: Die Effizienz von FTI-Investitionen

-
Hauptschule
Breakout / Working Group
in englischer Sprache

Aufgrund immer knapper werdender nationaler Budgets wird die Diskussion der Evaluierung von Forschungsinputs zur Messung von Effizienz von Output intensiver. Der Ressourceneinsatz im Bereich F&E soll stärker an messbare Wirkungen und Leistungen gekoppelt werden. Staatliche Förderungen müssen sich gegenüber alternativen Ausgaben immer öfter durch den Nachweis ökonomischer Renditen rechtfertigen. Auch Forschung muss sich diesem Nachweis stellen. In Zeiten immer häufiger geforderter Rankings stellt sich damit die Frage, wie sich Forschung sinnvoll messen lässt bzw. wie Input und Output zweckmäßig miteinander verglichen werden können.

Vortragende

Deputy Director-General, Directorate-General Research and Innovation, European Commission, Brussels
Head, Department Country Innovation Policy Reviews, Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation, OECD - Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris
Director, WPZ - Economic Policy Center, and Professor for Public Economics, University of St.Gallen
Program Director, Science of Science and Innovation Policy, National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA
Member of the Austrian National Council, Green Party; Chair, Parliamentary Committee on Research, Innovation and Technology, Vienna Abstract
In political discussion, one of the most important aims is the development of the economy and the creation of jobs. A strong and robust middle class is not only the pillar of our economy, but also the stabilizing element of a democratic society. It is generally accepted that research and innovation are the main drivers of development and economic growth.

One of the important tasks of an innovation system is finding and creating modern, progressive solutions for the major challenges facing humanity. We need investments in research and innovation to meet the challenges of climate change, energy and food security and demographic changes as well as medical care.

The dynamic in countries like China, India and Singapore is impressive - and that extends to research and development as well. To keep up, the European countries, and particularly Austria, have to step up their speed and sharpen their focus to improve and boost their innovation systems and to shape an innovation-friendly climate.

The prerequisites for a more favourable, stronger R&D environment in Austria are: courage and power to focus money on the main issues, boosting of higher education, improved conditions for young scientists and researchers, increased research funding, extension of international cooperation, a more open-minded society, increased awareness of R&D, greater support of entrepreneurial spirit and public demand as drivers of innovation. Structural reforms are likewise necessary, e.g. realizing tax reforms and reforming the retirement system.

As a consequence of the crisis beginning in the year 2008, the European countries have to cope with debt. One of the most hotly discussed issues is how to use public funds. Public subsidies have to be legitimised through economic returns. In truth, however, it isn t possible to measure every impact in economic terms. It is also helpful and necessary to use structural indicators like energy-intensity, youth education level, retirement age and CO2 emissions in determining whether a policy is successful.
Yes, there are several difficulties in using indicators. But indicators also provide valuable support in policy-making. After all, an indicator is a tool that helps us to understand where we are, where we are going and how far we are from our destination.
Management Consultant; Member, Austrian Council for Research and Technology Development, Vienna Chair
Adviser, Austrian Council for Research and Technology Development, Vienna Coordination

Dr. Wolfgang BURTSCHER

Deputy Director-General, Directorate-General Research and Innovation, European Commission, Brussels

 Wolfgang Burtscher is Deputy Director-General of the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Research and Innovation.
 An Austrian national, Wolfgang Burtscher acted before joining DG Research and Innovation as a Director in DG Agriculture of the European Commission since 2000. Before his Commission career Mr Burtscher was representative of the Länder at the Austrian Permanent Representation to the EU. From 1992 to 1996 he was Director of European Affairs in the Vorarlberg administration. Previously, from 1990 to 1992, he was a legal advisor at the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) in Geneva, at the time of negotiations on the European Economic Area (EEA). He focused particularly on the free circulation of goods and capital and on competition issues. Between 1983-1990 he was a lecturer in International and European Law at the University of Innsbruck. Wolfgang Burtscher holds a doctorate in law and also has a qualification from the Institut Européen des Hautes Etudes Internationales in Nice.

Mag. Gernot HUTSCHENREITER

Head, Department Country Innovation Policy Reviews, Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation, OECD - Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris

 Trained as an economist at the University of Vienna Gernot Hutschenreiter joined the Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO) in 1989. From 1998 to 2002 he served as Deputy Director of WIFO. At the international level he has worked as a consultant for a number of organisations such as UNIDO, the OECD and the European Commission. He was a guest research scholar with the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) and visiting scholar at the Graduate School of Decision Science at the Tokyo Institute of Technology. In 2003 he joined the Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in Paris as a Senior Economist. He has managed and contributed to a series of innovation policy reviews of OECD and Non-OECD countries, including the first OECD Review of China s innovation policy.

Dr. Christian KEUSCHNIGG

Director, WPZ - Economic Policy Center, and Professor for Public Economics, University of St.Gallen

1987 Doktor rer.soc.oec. (Ph.D. in Economics), Leopold-Franzens-Universität Innsbruck
1995 Venia Docendi, Economic Policy and Public Finance, University of Vienna
1997-2001 Professor of Public Economics, University of Saarland; Director of European Institute, Economics, University of Saarland
since 2001 Professor of Public Economics and Director of FGN-HSG, University of St. Gallen
2012-2014 Director, Institute of Advanced Studies, Vienna
since 2015 Director, Wirtschaftspolitisches Zentrum, St. Gallen

Dr. Julia I. LANE

Program Director, Science of Science and Innovation Policy, National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA

1982 1983 Assistant Professor of Economics, Western Illinois University
1984 1990 Assistant and Associate Professor of Economics, University of Louisville
1990 2001 Assistant, Associate and Full Professor of Economics, American University
1996 1997 Private Sector Development, World Bank (on sabbatical)
2000 2004 Director, Employment Dynamics Program and Principal Research Associate, The Urban Institute
2004 2005 Program Director, Economics, National Science Foundation
2005 2008 Senior Vice President and Director, Economics, Labor, and Population, NORC at the University of Chicago
since 2008 Program Director, Science of Science and Innovation Policy, National Science Foundation

Dr. Ruperta LICHTENECKER

Member of the Austrian National Council, Green Party; Chair, Parliamentary Committee on Research, Innovation and Technology, Vienna

 Studium der Volkswirtschaftslehre
seit 1990 Ökonomin und Wissenschafterin u.a. am Institut für Volkswirtschaftslehre an der Johannes Kepler Universität Linz
seit 1993 Universitätslektorin für Volkswirtschaftslehre, Johannes Kepler Universität Linz
2003-2006 Bundesrätin der Grünen
  Vorsitzende des Ausschusses für Forschung, Innovation u. Technologie im Parlament
  Wirtschafts- und Forschungssprecherin der Grünen
seit 2006 Abgeordnete zum Nationalrat

Mag. Dr. Karin SCHAUPP

Management Consultant; Member, Austrian Council for Research and Technology Development, Vienna

  Hochschulassistentin am Institut für Pharmazeutische Chemie, Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz
1978 Promotion zum Dr. Phil. am Institut für Pharmazeutische Chemie, Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz
1980 Leiterin der Analytischen Abteilung und Qualitätskontrolle, Firma Leopold Pharma
1985 Leitung der Forschung und Entwicklung, Firma Leopold Pharma
1987 Leitung der Forschungsaktivitäten, Knoll Hospitalgruppe
1992 Forschungsleitung für definierte Konzernproduktbereiche, Fresenius AG
1997 Geschäftsführerin der Fresenius Kabi Austria und Übernahme der gewerberechtlichen Geschäftsführung
1999 Regionalleiterin für Österreich/Südost Europa für den Produktbereich Parenterale und Enterale Ernährung
2000 Ernennung zum Mitglied des Vorstandes der Fresenius Kabi AG, Bad Homburg
2003 Unternehmensberaterin mit Schwerpunkt strategische Unternehmensentwicklung, Innovationsmanagement und Technologietransfer, Organisationsstrukturen, Merger und Akquisition

Technologiegespräche

Timetable einblenden

25.08.2011

10:00 - 12:30Technologiebrunch gegeben von Tiroler ZukunftsstiftungSocial
13:00 - 13:10BegrüßungPlenary
13:10 - 13:30Eröffnung der Alpbacher Technologiegespräche 2011Plenary
13:30 - 14:15EröffnungsreferatePlenary
14:15 - 15:40Neue Wege der InnovationPlenary
16:00 - 16:50Das Krebsgenom: Herausforderung und PotenzialPlenary
16:50 - 17:45CybercrimePlenary
20:00 - 21:30Die Stadt der Zukunft - Demographie und NachhaltigkeitPlenary
21:30 - 23:30Abendempfang gegeben von Forschung AustriaSocial
21:30 - 23:30Karrierelounge - Abendveranstaltung mit Buffet für StudentInnen, JungwissenschaftlerInnen und BerufseinsteigerInnen, gegeben von den Veranstaltern der Alpbacher TechnologiegesprächeSocial

26.08.2011

09:00 - 15:30Arbeitskreis 01: Die Zukunft der High-Tech Produktion in EuropaBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Arbeitskreis 02: Die Zukunft der urbanen MobilitätBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Arbeitskreis 03: Pre-Commercial Procurement (PCP) - Ein Instrument zur (Be-)Schaffung von InnovationBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Arbeitskreis 04: Die Effizienz von FTI-InvestitionenBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Arbeitskreis 05: Urban Europe, Urban Technologies - die Stadt im 21. JahrhundertBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Arbeitskreis 06: Lebensmittelsicherheit und VerteilungsgerechtigkeitBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Arbeitskreis 07: Forschungsförderung und danach Finanzierungsengpass?Breakout
09:00 - 15:30Arbeitskreis 08: Forschen im Klassenzimmer: Neues Lernen in den NaturwissenschaftenBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Arbeitskreis 09: Einfach - funktionell - trendig? Technologische Lösungen für Alt und JungBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Arbeitskreis 10: IKT - die Gegenwart hinterfragen, die Zukunft gestaltenBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Arbeitskreis 11: Die digitale Stadt von morgenBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Arbeitskreis 12: Design Thinking und Open Innovation - der Kunde ist KönigBreakout
09:00 - 18:00Junior Alpbach - Wissenschaft und Technologie für junge MenschenBreakout
09:00 - 15:00Ö1 Kinderuni Alpbach - Wissenschaft und Technologie für KinderBreakout
09:45 - 15:00Sonderveranstaltung: Internationalisierung neu? Europäische Strategien für die Globalisierung von Forschung und InnovationBreakout
16:00 - 17:45Naturwissenschaftliche Bildung für künftige GenerationenPlenary
18:15 - 19:30"Frontier technologies" - ein Tor zur Zukunft in Kooperation mit dem European Research CouncilPlenary

27.08.2011

09:30 - 11:00Internationales Jahr der ChemiePlenary
11:20 - 12:10Die Zukunft des InternetPlenary
12:10 - 13:05Physik der SuperheldenPlenary
13:05 - 13:15Abschluss-StatementPlenary
13:15 - 14:00Imbiss zum Abschluss der VeranstaltungSocial