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10: Zukunft der Versorgungssicherheit – Wie verändert die „Gaskrise“ die europäische Energiepolitik?

Breakout / Working Group
German and English language

Unterstützt von Energie Control GmbH und OMV Gas & Power GmbH
Politische Differenzen zwischen Russland und der Ukraine verursachten Anfang 2009 einen Erdgas-Lieferstopp. Dies löste eine Debatte über die zukünftige Gasversorgung Europas und die weitere Richtung der europäischen Energiepolitik aus. Während unser Energiebedarf nach wie vor ansteigt, werden fossile Energieträger auch in den kommenden Jahren bestimmend sein. Eine durchdachte internationale Energiepolitik ist daher wichtiger denn je. Wie wird der Gaslieferstopp die Europäische Energiepolitik verändern? Welche Maßnahmen müssen EU und Nationalstaaten ergreifen, um die Versorgungssicherheit weiter zu gewährleisten?


Vorstandsmitglied, OMV AG, Wien
Vorstand, Energie-Control Austria, Wien
Consultant to the Board, Gazprombank, Moscow Abstract
January 2009 crisis is another result of continuing long and painful transition from political prices and pricing within the FSU area to contractually unbundled transit supplies through and export supplies to Ukraine, to differing market-based pricing mechanisms on exported gas to Ukraine (from politically-motivated  cost-plus to market-based  net-back replacement value pricing) and transit tariff-setting methodologies for transit of gas through Ukraine (from politically-motivated artificial transit tariffs, calculated to balance physical deliveries of exported Russian gas to Ukraine, on the one hand, by fees for transit of Russian gas to Europe through Ukraine, on the other hand, to market-based payment for actual work on providing transit services on the cost-plus basis ( CAPEX + OPEX + reasonable rate of return according to draft Energy Charter Protocol on Transit).

Under existing Russian long-term gas export contracts (LTGECs) with the EU companies, obligation to deliver gas to the delivery points (the latter nowadays located deep within the EU area) is on the supplier/exporter (on Russia/Gazprom). But the January 2009 events has proved that Ukraine is incapable to deliver transit volumes to the EU in case of (contractually/legally proven!) diminished/stopped Russian export supplies to the Ukraine due to the specific architecture of Ukraine gas transportation and underground gas storage infrastructure (result of technological decisions of the USSR times). Transit is a multiple (at least a trilateral) task, thus to secure stable supplies of Russian gas to Europe through transit states  trilateral economic cooperation of the parties is needed as the best and balanced legal and economic solution. Among other options is the Russia-Ukraine-EU trilateral consortium on project development of technologically and contractually separated transit infrastructure of Russian gas deliveries to the EU through Ukraine. Proposed consortium will not own (this is prohibited by Ukrainian law) but will develop and operate such infrastructure. Proposed project structure: blocking packages for Russia/Gazprom (resource-owner and gas supplier) and for Ukraine/Naftogaz (owner of infrastructure), the balance is for group of major EU gas-importing companies and financial institutions (EIB, EBRD, etc.)

Stable and predictable gas supplies are the result of long-term and capital-intensive upstream investments. To minimize investment risks and to stimulate such upstream investments, predictability of demand is needed. This desire cooperation and transparency between the producer and consumer states on medium- and long-term forecasting both of gas demand in the EU as well as of (backed up by the) investment programmes in gas production and in internal gas demand in Russia. This means: from competition between the EU-oriented external suppliers of pipeline gas (since pipeline gas supplies provides the lowest flexibility) to long-term cooperation between gas producers and consumers. Competitive gas pricing mechanisms for Continental Europe based not on commodities pricing at the gas hubs/exchanges (not yet developed, churn lower than competitive edge of 15), but on continuously and slowly adapting pricing formulas within LTGECs with other more flexible elements of LTGECs contractual structure.

The EU need to move in its political thinking from the political aim  to increase non-Russian gas supplies to economic aim  to increase competitive incremental gas supplies for Europe . To develop  political alternative of  non-Russian gas supplies is a non-productive economic strategy, especially if such alternative intended supplies are not backed up by adequate & available proved reserves/booked production volumes/shipping contracts. Such  political alternative would be rather difficult (if at all possible) to economically justify, to prove its project financing, and much more costly to realize/implement.
Chairman, Mondi AG; Chief Executive Officer, Mondi Europe & International, Vienna
Konsulent, Industriellenvereinigung, Wien Chair

Dipl.-Ing. Dr. Werner AULI

Vorstandsmitglied, OMV AG, Wien

 Studium an der TU Wien
1987 Eintritt in die OMV, Abteilung für Unternehmensentwicklung und strategisches Controlling
ab 1990 Assistent des Vorstands im Bereich Chemie und Werkstoffe
ab 1991 Assistent des Vorstands in den Bereichen Finanzen, Controlling und Chemie
1993-2000 Geschäftsführer der Austria Mineralöl GmbH
ab 2000 Geschäftsführer der OMV Cogeneration GmbH
2001-2003 Geschäftsführer der OMV Erdgas GmbH
2002-2004 Geschäftsführer der EconGas (50%-OMV-Tocher)
ab 2004 Vorsitzender und Sprecher der Geschäftsführung der OMV Gas GmbH
ab 2006 Geschäftsführer der OMV Gas International GmbH
seit 2007 Vorstandsmitglied der OMV für den Bereich Gas

Dipl.-Ing. Walter BOLTZ

Vorstand, Energie-Control Austria, Wien

1971-1976 Studium der Technischen Physik an der Technischen Universität Wien
1976-1991 Leitung einer österreichischen Gesellschaft einer internationalen Beratungsgruppe
1991-1996 Nach dem Studium mehrere Jahre in verschiedenen Funktionen im EDV-Bereich einer österreichischen Bankgruppe tätig, danach 10 Jahre Leitung der österreichischen Gesellschaft einer internationalen Beratungsgruppe mit Schwerpunkt Management - und Technologieberatung
1991-1996 Tätigkeit für eine große österreichische Kommerzbank in Mittel- und Osteuropa, Umstrukturierung u.a. von Energiebetrieben
1996-1999 Mitglied der Geschäftsleitung eines großen Deutschen Beratungsunternehmens
 seit 2001 Geschäftsführer der Energie Control GmbH
1999-2001 Mitglied der Geschäftsleitung von PricewaterhouseCoopers Management Consulting; zuständig für den Bereich "Energy & Utilities"
seit 2011 Vorstand der Energie Control Austria


Consultant to the Board, Gazprombank, Moscow

1970-1978 Studies and Post-Graduate Studies, Energy Economics Faculty, Moscow Institute of Management; Ph.D. in Energy Economics (Title: "The Role of North Sea Oil in Energy Supplies of Western Europe")
1979-1990 Research Fellow, International Energy Economics Division, Institute of World Economy & International Relations, USSR Academy of Sciences
1990-1991 Chief Expert, Division for Market Analysis, Department for Foreign Trade & External Economic Relations, USSR State Planning Committee (GOSPLAN)/USSR Ministry of Economics and Forecasting
1991-1993 Deputy-Minister on external economic relations & foreign investments of the RF Ministry for Fuel & Energy
1993-1995 Post-Doctorate at the State Academy of Management, Moscow
1993-1994 Special Adviser on foreign investments to the First Deputy Prime-Minister of RF Government E.Gaidar
1994- 2002 Adviser to the RF Ministry for Fuel & Energy (since 2000: "RF Ministry of Energy")
1994-1998 Head of Intra-Ministerial Working Group on drafting a package of normative documents on production-sharing agreements on PSA
1994-1995 Head of the State Duma's Expert Group on redrafting Concession Law
1994-1999 Adviser to the RF State Duma on economic policy and on natural resources
1994-1995 Head of Consultants to the RF State Duma Committee on Economic Policy (Sub-Committee on External Economic Relations and Foreign Investments)
1994-2006 Visiting Principal Research Fellow (since February 2000 - Visiting Chief Research Fellow), Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow
1994-2002 Adviser to the RF Ministry of Finance
 May 1995 Dr. >f Science in Energy Economics, State Academy of Management (title of the thesis: "System Approach to the Involvement of Foreign Investments into Russian Energy Economy")
1994-1999 Head of the RF State Duma's Expert Group on drafting PSA Law
1995-1999 Head of Consultants to the RF State Duma Committee on Natural Resources & Natural Resources Management
1996-1999 Executive Director & Member of the Board of Directors, Russian Bank for Reconstruction & Development
1997-2000 Head of Consultants on foreign investments to the RF Ministry of Economic
1997-2002 Visiting lecturing professor on "World energy markets & transportation systems" to the State University of Management, Moscow
since 1998 Member of RF Council for Foreign & Defense Policy
1999-2002 President of the Energy and Investment Policy & Project Financing Development Foundation (ENIP&PF)
1999-2000 Head of the Ad Hoc Working Group of the RF Ministry for Fuel & Energy on drafting the new Conceptual Framework for Russian Oil & Gas Development
2000-2002 Adviser to the RF Ministry of Economics/Ministry for Economic Development & Trade
2000-2002 Member of the Ad Hoc Working Group (Head of Oil Section and Investment Policy Section) of the RF Ministry for Fuel & on drafting the "Energy Strategy of Russia to 2020"
2001-2002 Member of the Expert Council under the Head of the State Duma Commission on the Legal Issues of the PSAs
2002-2008 Deputy Secretary General, Energy Charter Secretariat, Brussels
since 2008 Consultant to the Board, Gazprombank, Moscow
since 2008 Visiting lecturing professor at the Chair on International Oil and Gas Business, Russian State Oil and Gas University n.a. I.M.Gubkin

MMag. Peter J. OSWALD

Chairman, Mondi AG; Chief Executive Officer, Mondi Europe & International, Vienna

1981-1986 Studies of Business Administration, Business School, University of Vienna, Austria; finished with Master
1981-1986 Studies of Law, University of Vienna, Austria; finished with Master
1986-1989 Managing Director University Publishing House (WUV-Universitätsverlag), Austria
1989-1990 Deutsche Bank, Germany
1990-1992 Purchasing and Logistics Manager, KTM, Austria
1992 Head Internal Audit, Frantschach-Group (incl Neusiedler), Austria
1993 Corporate Controller, Frantschach-Group (incl Neusiedler)
1994 Managing Director Bates Cepro, Netherlands
1995-2001 Chief Executive Officer, Frantschach Packaging Converting
2002-2007 Chief Executive Officer, Mondi Packaging Europe
since 2008 Chief Executive Officer, Mondi Europe & International; Executive Director of the Board Mondi plc and Mondi Ltd

Dr. Erhard FÜRST

Konsulent, Industriellenvereinigung, Wien

1960-1964 Studium der Rechtswissenschaften an der Universität Wien
1964-1966 Post-Graduate-Ökonomie-Studium am Institut für Höhere Studien, Wien
1966-1969 Wissenschaftlicher Assistent und später Leiter der Abteilung Ökonomie des Instituts für Höhere Studien
1969-1971 Mitarbeiter der Europaabteilung des Internationalen Währungsfonds in Washington D.C.
1971-1973 Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter des Österreichischen Instituts für Wirtschaftsforschung
1973-1983 Beigeordneter Direktor des Instituts für Höhere Studien
1983-1992 Leiter der volkswirtschaftlichen Abteilung der Creditanstalt in Wien
1993-2004 Leiter des Bereichs Industriepolitik und Ökonomie der Vereinigung der Österreichischen Industrie
seit 2005 Konsulent in der Vereinigung der Österreichischen Industrie


Timetable einblenden


14:00 - 14:30EröffnungPlenary
14:30 - 16:00Das Gewicht Europas: Wirtschaftspolitische Interessen in einer multipolaren WeltwirtschaftPlenary
16:30 - 18:00Die zukünftige Gestalt Europas: Visionen und RealitätPlenary
19:00 - 20:30Special Lecture: Wohin geht die Türkei?Plenary
20:30 - 23:00Empfang gegeben von der Oesterreichischen NationalbankSocial


09:00 - 10:30Europa und das internationale FinanzsystemPlenary
11:00 - 12:30Europäische Energie- und Klimapolitik: Defensive Selbstbeschränkung oder Technologieoffensive?Plenary
14:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 01: Innovation in der Krise! Gerüstet für den Aufschwung?Breakout
14:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 02: Financial and economic turbulences in CEE/SEE - Impact and remediesBreakout
14:30 - 16:00Arbeitskreis 03: Post Lissabon - Europas (Wieder-) Aufstieg zur Wirtschaftsweltmacht?Breakout
14:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 04: Values and virtues: Can ethics lead Europe back to the top?Breakout
14:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 05: Protektionismus als Folge der Krise?Breakout
14:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 06: Wirtschaft und Politik - zwei Systemlogiken. Kann das Vertrauen im Unterschied wachsen?Breakout
14:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 07: Vertrauen in einer vernetzten WeltBreakout
14:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 08: Smart Metering - die Zukunft der Versorgungssicherheit?Breakout
14:30 - 16:00Arbeitskreis 09: Intelligente Infrastruktur - Wie lange noch bis zum Systeminfarkt?Breakout
14:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 10: Zukunft der Versorgungssicherheit - Wie verändert die "Gaskrise" die europäische Energiepolitik?Breakout
14:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 11: Das Management der KriseBreakout
14:30 - 16:00Arbeitskreis 12: Arbeitsmarkt und Beschäftigungspolitik in der KriseBreakout
14:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 13: Korruption in KrisenzeitenBreakout
14:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 14: Wertschöpfung durch nachhaltigen TourismusBreakout
14:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 15: Gesundheitswesen - Kostenfalle oder Wachstumsmotor?Breakout
14:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 16: Der Wirtschaftskrise ganzheitlich begegnen - Betriebliche Gesundheitsförderung (BGF) als europäischer WegBreakout
16:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 17: Greisender Kontinent - Reif für die Weltmacht?Breakout
16:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 18: Connecting markets, connecting continents - Logistik als Motor für WachstumBreakout
16:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 19: The Dawn of E-MobilityBreakout
19:00 - 20:30Special Lecture: Unternehmenskultur und Krisenbewältigung in Europa - Das europäische Management-ModellPlenary
20:30 - 23:00Empfang gegeben von Deutsche Telekom AGSocial


09:30 - 12:00Die Zukunft Europas und die Verantwortung der PolitikPlenary
12:00 - 12:15SchlusswortePlenary