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Der Wettbewerb um Talente

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Erwin-Schrödinger-Saal
Plenary / Panel
German and English language

Vortragende

Associate Professor, Department of Electrical Engineering, Princeton University; Director of MIRTHE (NSF-ERC) Abstract
Talent development and challenges in the context of U.S. academia

The U.S. system of higher education is an example of a high-tech society that fills its need for talent in science and technology from a mix of home-grown talent and, increasingly, through international students. Despite its distributed nature and the mostly ad-hoc flow of students from abroad into U.S. universities, the system is surprisingly functional and hence successful. Yet today, this high tech powerhouse stands at risk.

American universities are successful because the U.S. is overall a very welcoming society that provides the opportunity for students to integrate fully into society and reap rewards for their talent. Yet as the competition for talented students intensifies from Europe and the major Asian countries, the U.S. is no longer unchallenged.

As educators, we have a special responsibility to appeal to kids at early ages (and their parents) and help develop their interests and talents including those in the sciences and engineering. We need to combat the preconceived notion that  Science is hard (it s not hard for the talented); and we need to tap into sectors of society still underrepresented in the sciences and engineering, particularly women and minorities.

Talent spans a continuum from the motivated, interested and talented to the truly gifted and the genius. Educators need to cater to all types individually through stimulating, challenging research and learning environments that are free from undue constraints on resources and ideas. Any such challenging learning environment today needs to include opportunities and incentives for the students to experience work in industry as well as exposure to the research and development culture in the international context.
Distinguished Engineer, Managing Director Microsoft Research, Cambridge Abstract
Points I would consider making are that:
It is possible still to have a world class research laboratory in Europe and succeed in recruiting against international competitors  my laboratory and Cambridge University are two proof points of this.
To do so a research laboratory must as its first goal be fully committed to advancing the state of the art in its chosen areas of research and its sponsor (industry/government) must give it the resources and organizational freedom to do so.
In choosing areas of research it is very important to balance curiosity driven research and application driven research, long term, medium term and short term research  I think of this as a  balanced portfolio .
Academic success alone is not sufficient  a research laboratory must deliver effective knowledge transfer and technology transfer and to so effectively requires a part of the research laboratory to be dedicated to and skilled at this task.
While numerically China and India produce more masters and PhDs that either the USA or Europe, the US leads on talent, followed by Europe  but India and China are catching up, by hiring US and European talent and through repatriation programmes.
The US PhD system delivers a more broadly experienced researcher simply because of the time invested (5+ years) and also the likelihood of the student having progressed through different universities at the bachelor, master and PhD stages; we should encourage similar mobility in Europe and consider supporting academic a two year  junior research fellowships following (3 year) PhDs.
PhD internships are widely used in the US to allow PhD student to experience industry research and to bring the latest ideas and young talent into industry labs. This is relatively rare in Europe.
I see a growing need for  computational scientists  these are scientists (in life sciences, physical sciences, environmental sciences, engineering sciences) who have a very high level of competence in computer science since so much science is now done  in silico (visualization, simulation, data mining, machine learning, high performance computation) and computer scientists have a number of techniques (e.g., from software verification) which allow complex knowledge to be codified and processed automatically. If Europe can led in the production of computational scientists it will accelerate science and Europe and create the potential for establishing new kinds of science which are essential to an  innovation economy .
Nobel Laureate in Chemistry; Professor, Collège de France, Paris; Director, Laboratoire de Chimie Supramoléculaire at ISIS, Strasbourg Abstract
I plan to expand on the principles on which we have established our recently created institute ISIS (Institut de Science et d'Ingénierie Supramoléculaires). Il shall illustrate my points on the basis of what has been achieved up to now and of the projects for the feature. I shall also include some recent initiatives taken by the French government, in particular: Excellency Chairs (junior and senior), National Research Agency, Foundations for Advanced Research. These should greatly increase competitiveness.
Vice-president storage systems development, IBM Corporation, New York Abstract
The competition for talent has indeed become global like that for many other resources and enterprises are increasingly tapping into this global talent pool in order to realize their strategies. Today, in the technology and physical sciences, countries like China and India produce more university graduates than "traditional" powerhouses such as the United States or Europe. While government policies in Europe and North America need to encourage education in the sciences, the availability of talent elsewhere will benefit enterprises that adapt to this changing world. Universities, governments and enterprises will all play a key role in developing the necessary skills required of this new. This competition for talent, however, will require new policies and strategies. The management of this global labour supply chain will be one of the keys to success in this environment.
Wissenschaftlicher Direktor, Institut für Molekulare Biotechnologie GmbH, Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien Abstract
The competition for talent is international and therefore must be viewed on a global scale. European countries spend a lot of money on education and universities but, in many instances, have not managed to actually prove the appropriate conditions to keep such talent. There are many reasons for this starting from hierarchic structures, management and influence of basic research by business man and politics, low funding opportunities or bureaucratic hurdles at the European Union level, to issues such as being welcoming to foreign workers. Most of our foreign students, for instance, felt extremely uncomfortable during the last elections in Vienna. As a result, Europe has become an exporter of minds and talented international scientists go rather to North America where they know that they can stay and have a whole career path available if they want to. Since innovation largely hinges on these talents, it is clear that at the current pace of development and change Europe will have difficulties to compete in the future.
Most politicians and institutions in Europe understand this issue intellectually but, with some exceptions such as Ireland, are not willing to provide the necessary means to really compete. Simple measures such as flat hierarchies, research overheads to support cutting edge researchers, or programmes to free good talents from their daily bureaucracies are solutions that do work. However, for this to be efficiently implemented it also requires science management by people who decide based on what best for basic research and without any conflicts of interest. Moreover, the development and financing of small start-up companies must be radically changed to allow realistic competition with the US, India, or China.
Europe has extremely talented people but mostly lacks structures to accommodate these talents. It can be done but requires some courage to change the view from our own balcony.
Former Minister of External Affairs; Member, Parliament of India, New Delhi
Verwaltungsratspräsident und Delegierter, MS Management Service AG, St. Gallen Chair

Mag. Dr. techn. Claire GMACHL

Associate Professor, Department of Electrical Engineering, Princeton University; Director of MIRTHE (NSF-ERC)

 received the PH.D. degree (sub auspicies praesidentis) in electrical engineering from the Technical University of Vienna, Austria, in 1995. In 1996, she joined Bell Laboratories, Lucent Technologies, Murray Hill, NJ, USA, as a Post-Doctoral Member of Technical Staff in the Quantum Phenomena and Device Research Department. Key contributions were the development of singe-mode and tunable distributed feedback Quantum Cascade lasers and chaotic micro-cavity lasers. In 1998 she became a member of Technical Staff in the Semiconductor Physics Research Department, and a Distinguished Member of Staff in 2002. In September 2003, Dr. Gmachl joined Princeton University as an Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering and adjunct faculty to PRISM. Prof. Gmachl is the Director of MIRTHE, the newly formed NSF Engineering Research Center on Mid-InfraRed Technologies for Health and the Environment.

Ph.D. Andrew HERBERT

Distinguished Engineer, Managing Director Microsoft Research, Cambridge

 Herbert s research interests include networks, operating systems, programming languages and distributed information sharing.
 Before joining Microsoft Research in 2001, he was director of Advanced Technology at Citrix Systems Inc., where he was instrumental in steering the company toward Internet thin-client technologies and initiating development of products for Web-based application deployment and for the emerging application service provider market.
 Herbert joined Citrix in 1998 from Digitivity Inc., which he founded in 1996 to develop a product to enable secure deployment of Java clients for business-to-business applications. Digitivity was a spinoff from APM Ltd., a research and consulting company Herbert founded in 1985. APM managed ANSA, an industry-sponsored program of research and advanced development into the use of distributed systems technology to support applications integration in enterprisewide systems. ANSA s work included research on support for interactive multimedia services, object technology for World Wide Web applications, distributed systems management, mobile object systems and security for electronic commerce. Herbert led ANSA s technical program, built up its team, created its architecture, and made ANSA known and respected in the industry. ANSA-based technology was used by many organizations ahead of the widespread availability of commercial CORBA-based products. Notable successes included the NASA Astrophysics Data System, a European radio pager system and the online customer service system for a major U.K. utility. As part of his ANSA work, Herbert played an active role in many standards and consortia for distributed computing including the Telecommunications Information Networking Architecture Consortium (TINA-C), ISO/ITU ODP, the Open Software Foundation Distributed Computing Environment (OSF DCE) and Object Management Group (OMG) CORBA.

Dr. Jean-Marie LEHN

Nobel Laureate in Chemistry; Professor, Collège de France, Paris; Director, Laboratoire de Chimie Supramoléculaire at ISIS, Strasbourg

 Studied physical, chemical and natural sciences at the University of Strasbourg
1960 Junior Member, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Guy Ourisson's laboratory
1960-1966 Researcher, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)
1963 Thèse de doctorat d'Etat sur la résonance magnétique nucléaire de triterpènes
1964 Laboratory of Robert Burns Woodward at Harvard University
1966-1969 Assistant Professor, Chemistry Department of the University of Strasbourg
1970 Promoted Associate Professor and then Full Professor, Université Louis Pasteur (ULP) of Strasbourg
1970-1979 Professor, Université Louis Pasteur (ULP) of Strasbourg
1972/1974 Visiting professor, Harvard University
1979 Elected to the chair of "Chimie des Interactions Moléculaires", Collège de France, Paris
1979 Professor, Collège de France, Paris
2002-2004 Director, Institut de Science et d'Ingénierie Supramoléculaires (ISIS) at ULP, Strasbourg

Dr. Krishna NATHAN

Vice-president storage systems development, IBM Corporation, New York

1983-1987 Systems Engineer on the Shuttle Imaging Radar - B (SIR-B), JET PROPULSION LABORATORY, NASA
  Division of Engineering
1990 Ph.D. in Engineering (Electrical Sciences) in the Laboratory for Engineering Man/Machine Systems,
1992-1997 Researcher, Manager, Handwriting Algorithms
1997-1999 Senior Manager, Consumer Devices
1999-2001 Director, Consumer Voice Systems, head of IBM s consumer speech effort
2001-2002 Executive Assistant to the Vice-Chairman of the Board, IBM Corporate Headquaters
since 2002 Director, IBM Zurich Research Laboratory
since 2004 Vice-president Services and Director, Zurich Research Laboratory
since 2006 Vice-president Technology, IBM

Dr. Josef Martin PENNINGER

Wissenschaftlicher Direktor, Institut für Molekulare Biotechnologie GmbH, Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien

  Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto
1994-2003 Associate Scientist, The Ontario Cancer Institute, Dept. Of Molecular and Cellular Biology,
since 1998 Associate Professor (Dozent), Department of Experimental and General Pathology, University of Innsbruck, Austria
2002-2004 Full Professor, Departments of Immunology and Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Canada
  Sciences, Vienna, Austria
since 2002 Scientific and Administrative Director, IMBA, Institute for Molecular Biotechnology of the Austrian Academy of
since 2004 Adjunct Full Professor, Departments of Immunology and Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Canada
since 2004 Honorary Professor of Genetics, University of Vienna, Austria
since 2004 Honorary Professor, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing

Dr. Jaswant SINGH

Former Minister of External Affairs; Member, Parliament of India, New Delhi

 He is an Indian politician. He is from the Indian State of Rajasthan and was an officer in the Indian Army in the 1960's. He served as Finance minister in the short-lived government of Atal Bihari Vajpayee in 1996. After Vajpayee became Prime Minister again two years later, he became Minister for External Affairs of India, serving from 1998 until 2002. Responsible for foreign policy, he dealt with high tensions between India and Pakistan. In 2002 he became Finance Minister again, switching posts with Yashwant Sinha. He served as Finance Minister until the defeat of the Vajpayee government in 2004 and was instrumental in defining and pushing through the market-friendly reforms of the government. Known for his moderate political views, he is a self-described liberal democrat even though the Bharatiya Janata Party is often described as a right-wing nationalist organization. Currently he is the Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha.

Dr. h.c. Wolfgang SCHÜRER

Verwaltungsratspräsident und Delegierter, MS Management Service AG, St. Gallen

 Studium der Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften an der Universität St. Gallen
 Gründer der Internationalen Managementgespräche an der Universität St. Gallen
 Verwaltungsratspräsident und Delegierter der MS Management Service AG, St. Gallen (Internationale Beratung mit den Schwerpunkten Strategie, Risiko- und Issue-Management sowie Regulatory Affairs)

Technologiegespräche

Timetable einblenden

24.08.2006

10:00 - 12:00Technologiebrunch gesponsert durch die Tiroler ZukunftsstiftungSocial
11:00 - 22:00Präsentation CD-Labor "Biomechanics in Skiing"Culture
13:00 - 13:30Eröffnung durch die VeranstalterPlenary
13:30 - 14:00BegrüßungswortePlenary
14:00 - 15:00UrsprüngePlenary
15:30 - 17:30Der Wettbewerb um TalentePlenary
19:00 - 20:15SpitzenforschungPlenary
20:15 - 21:30Wissenschafts- und Forschungsmodelle und Best PracticePlenary
21:30 - 23:30Abendempfang gesponsert durch Alcatel AustriaSocial

25.08.2006

09:00 - 15:00Arbeitskreis 01: Wissenschaft und Technologie im Sport: Herausforderung für die Industrie und Nutzen für die MenschenBreakout
09:00 - 15:00Arbeitskreis 02: Technologietransfer - Motor der StandortentwicklungBreakout
09:00 - 15:00Arbeitskreis 03: Konvergenz und Komplexität in der TechnologieBreakout
09:00 - 15:00Arbeitskreis 04: Konvergenz und Exzellenz in der WissenschaftBreakout
09:00 - 15:00Arbeitskreis 05: Innovative Telematik-Systeme im intermodalen VerkehrBreakout
09:00 - 15:00Arbeitskreis 06: Technik und Naturwissenschaften im Wandel  ist unsere tertiäre Ausbildung noch zeitgemäß?Breakout
09:00 - 15:00Arbeitskreis 07: Hochleistungs-Werkstoffe aus der Natur als Wachstumschance für die WirtschaftBreakout
09:00 - 15:00Arbeitskreis 08: The Reassuring HabitatBreakout
09:00 - 15:00Arbeitskreis 09: Sicherheit der Energieversorgung - KohlenwasserstoffeBreakout
09:00 - 18:00Junior AlpbachBreakout
16:00 - 17:15Konvergenz und Komplexität in Wissenschaft und TechnologiePlenary
17:15 - 18:00Glaube und WissenschaftPlenary
19:00 - 20:00Atom und Eva - eine Alpbacher MinioperCulture
20:00 - 23:30Empfang gesponsert durch das Land NiederösterreichSocial

26.08.2006

09:00 - 10:00Energie und SicherheitPlenary
10:00 - 10:30Alpbach 2006 - Resümee Junior AlpbachPlenary
11:00 - 12:30Wissenschaft und DemokratiePlenary
12:30 - 13:30Das Universum ist ein seltsamer OrtPlenary
13:30 - 14:30Schlussempfang gesponsert durch Microsoft ÖsterreichSocial