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Die Vereinten Nationen und Peacebuilding in Afrika

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Erwin-Schrödinger-Saal
Plenary / Panel
in englischer Sprache

Vortragende

Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the United Nations, New York
Permanent Representative of Guinea-Bissau to the United Nations, New York
Professor, Center on International Cooperation, New York University, New York Abstract
On June 12, 2008, the Central African Republic joined Sierra Leone, Burundi, and Guinea Bissau on the agenda of the UN Peacebuilding Commission (PBC). Now three years old, the PBC is beginning to demonstrate positive impact in bringing security, political, and development considerations into a common multilateral framework. In Sierra Leone and Burundi, the PBC has proved a useful tool through which to address critical challenges in order to keep both countries on the path to peace. Indeed, there is agreement among several African members and OECD countries on role and agenda of the PBC, cutting across traditional  north-south divides. Thus far, the cases on the agenda are small in size and international financial commitments. Going forward, the PBC will need to consider whether to keep a small caseload and risk irrelevance or take on larger, more challenging cases (e.g., Haiti).
Permanent Representative of Japan to the United Nations; Chairperson, UN Peacebuilding Commission, New York Abstract
There are two over-arching questions in our joint endeavour for supporting post-conflict countries on their long-term track for sustainable peace; namely, 1) what are their critical  peacebuilding gaps , and 2) what is needed to  add real value in their process of institutionalization of peace? The tasks of the UN Peacebuilding Commission (PBC) cover, first and foremost, the country-specific work to help answer these questions and realize real impacts on the ground in a strategic and coordinated manner. The PBC is also responsible for convening all relevant stakeholders and developing key elements for effectively fostering a constructive interdependence among peacekeeping, peacebuilding and socio-economic recovery to reduce the risk of lapsing or relapsing into conflict. The challenges are daunting. But good news is that common understanding and modus operandi are growing.
Director, Diplomatic Academy, Vienna Abstract
Peacebuilding  as opposed to quick humanitarian response  requires a long-term commitment from the donor-side. The prioritization of tasks and the coordination of donor-activities are essential. Too often we are confronted with duplication of activities on the one hand and with gaps in the implementation of action plans on the other hand. The final goal of donor participation in peacebuilding efforts must be the creation of resilient states and societies that stand on solid foundations and are able to survive crises without falling back into conflict. This is the yardstick against which donors must measure the success or failure of their policies.
Editor-in-Chief, Der Standard, derStandard.at, Vienna Chair

Ph.D. Vitaly I. CHURKIN

Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the United Nations, New York

1974 Graduated from the Moscow Institute for Foreign Affairs
1981 PhD in history from the USSR Diplomatic Academy
1974 Joined the USSR Foreign Ministry
1974-1979 Staff member of the USSR delegation to the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
1979-1982 Third secretary, US desk, USSR Foreign Ministry
1982-1987 Second, first secretary, USSR Embassy in Washington DC
1987-1989 Staff member, International Department, CPSU Central Committee
1989-1990 Special adviser to the USSR Minister of Foreign Affairs
1990-1991 Director, Information Department, Spokesman of the USSR Foreign Ministry
1992-1994 Deputy Foreign Minister of the Russian Federation, Special Representative of the President of the Russian Federation to the talks on Former Yugoslavia
1994-1998 Ambassador of the Russian Federation to Belgium, Liaison Ambassador to NATO and WEU
1998-2003 Ambassador of the Russian Federation to Canada
2003-2006 Ambassador at Large, MFA, Chairman of Senior Arctic Officials, Arctic Council, Senior Official of Russia at the Barents/Euro-Arctic Council
since 2006 Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the United Nations, Representative of the Russian Federation at the UN Security Council Diplomatic rank - Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary (1990)

Alfredo LOPES CABRAL

Permanent Representative of Guinea-Bissau to the United Nations, New York

 Degrees in chemical engineering, international relations and certificates in higher specialized studies from several institutions
1974 Beginning of diplomatic service
1974-1975 Adviser in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
1975-1979 Director of the Africa Division in the same ministry
1979-1983 First Counsellor and then Chargé d Affaires at the Guinea-Bissau Mission to the United Nations
1983-1986 Served as Ambassador to Algeria, Tunisia and the Middle East
1986-1990 Permanent Representative of Guinea-Bissau to the United Nations
1987-1996 Ambassador to Washington, D.C. and concurrently to Ottawa, Canada and Mexico
1996-1999 Permanent Representative of Guinea-Bissau to the United Nations
1996-1997 Represented Guinea-Bissau on the Security Council
1996 President of Security Council
1999-2001 Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General in Haiti, as head of the United Nations Civilian Police Mission in Haiti (MIPONUH) and later its successor, the International Civilian Support Mission in Haiti (MICAH)
2001 Director General in the Office of Strategic Studies and Policy Planning in Guinea-Bissau s Foreign Ministry
 During his extensive diplomatic service, Mr. Cabral has represented his country at many United Nations system, international, regional and subregional meetings, conferences and summits, including those of the General Assembly, the Organization of African Unity (OAU)/African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, and the Organization of Islamic Conference, among others. Since 1982, he has been a regular participant in the annual meetings of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. He also represented Guinea-Bissau in the Economic and Social Council and in the United Nations Development Programme and United Nations Children's Fund governing boards.
since 2003 Permanent Representative of Guinea-Bissau to the United Nations, New York

Jake SHERMAN

Professor, Center on International Cooperation, New York University, New York

1996-1998 Mass Grave Forensic Project Consultant, Physicians for Human Rights
2000-2003 Senior/Program Officer, International Peace Academy
2003-2005 Political Affairs Officer, United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan
2005 Consultant, Office of the President s Senior Economic Advisor, Government of Afghanistan
2006 Consultant, Alliance for Conflict Transformation Cambodia
2006 Consultant, American Friends Service Committee, Cambodia
2006-2007 Consultant, Oxfam Great Britain, Cambodia
2008 Consultant, Independent Panel on Safety and Security of United Nations Personnel and Premises Worldwide

Yukio TAKASU

Permanent Representative of Japan to the United Nations; Chairperson, UN Peacebuilding Commission, New York

1969 Joined Japan's diplomatic service, served in London, Kuala Lumpur, New York, Jakarta, Vienna, and Washington,D.C.
1981-1988 Japanese Mission to the U.N.
1987-2000 Ambassador of the Japanese Mission to the U.N.
1988-1989 Foreign Ministry in Tokyo, served as Director of Western Europe Division
1989-1992 Director of UN Policy Division
1993-1997 Assistant Secretary-General, Controller of the United Nations
2000-2001 Director-General for Multilateral Cooperation Department
2001-2005 Ambassador at the Permanent Mission of Japan to the International Organizations in Vienna
since 2007 Permanent Representative of the Japanese Mission to the U.N.

Dr. Hans WINKLER

Director, Diplomatic Academy, Vienna

1963-1968 Universität Wien, Rechtsfakultät
1968 Promotion zum Dr. iur.
1968-1970 Diplomatische Akademie in Wien
1970 Eintritt in das Bundesministerium für auswärtige Angelegenheiten
1970-1972 Völkerrechtsbüro
1972-1973 Legationssekretär an der österreichischen Delegation in Berlin (West)
1973-1978 Botschaftssekretär an der österreichischen Botschaft in Washington
1978-1981 Völkerrechtsbüro
1981-1984 Gesandter-Botschaftsrat an der österreichischen Botschaft in Belgrad
1984-1987 Gesandter-Botschaftsrat an der österreichischen Botschaft in Kairo
1987-1992 Gesandter, stellvertretender Leiter des Völkerrechtsbüros, Leiter der Abteilung "Allgemeines Völkerrecht"
1992-1996 Botschafter, Ständiger Vertreter Österreichs beim Europarat (1993 Vorsitzender des Ministerdelegiertenkomitees)
1996-1999 Leiter der Abteilung für Amerika im Bundesministerium für auswärtige Angelegenheiten (1998 Leiter der Task Force für transatlantische Beziehungen während des österreichischen EU-Vorsitzes)
1999-2005 Leiter des Völkerrechtsbüros
2002-2005 Stellvertretender Generalsekretär
 Seit 2009 Direktor, Diplomatische Akademie, Wien
2005-2008 Staatssekretär im Bundesministerium für europäische und internationale Angelegenheiten

Dr. Alexandra FÖDERL-SCHMID

Editor-in-Chief, Der Standard, derStandard.at, Vienna

1989-1993 Studium Publizistik, Politik, Geschichte
1996 Promotion
ab 1990 Der Standard, zuerst Mitarbeit in Linz und Wien
1993-1998 Deutschland-Korrespondentin
1998-1999 Mitglied in der außenpolitischen Redaktion
1999-2005 Deutschland-Korrespondentin
2005 EU-Korrespondentin in Brüssel
2006 Ressortleiterin Wirtschaft
seit 2007 Chefredakteurin, Der Standard
seit 2012 Co-Herausgeberin, Der Standard und derStandard.at
seit 2013 Chefredakteurin, derStandard.at

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