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Friedenskonsolidierung und Entwicklungszusammenarbeit

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Erwin-Schrödinger-Saal
Plenary / Panel
in englischer Sprache

Vortragende

Permanent Representative of the Republic of Turkey to the United Nations, New York Abstract
Sustainable economic and social development is a condition sine qua non for lasting peace and security. Every peacebuilding mission should essentially have three mutually reinforcing dimensions; namely, (i) security, (ii) political development and (iii) economic and social development. Whereas the demand for peacebuilding has considerably increased in recent years, the attention of the international community to development cooperation has been declining recently. This is a serious challenge that needs to be addressed. Otherwise, progress may be reversed and there may be a relapse into conflict. Many of the peacebuilding priorities are the same for other less developed countries that are not affected by conflict. From the UN perspective, successful peacebuilding is predicated on (i) timely engagement and adequate resources on the part of the international community, (ii) comprehensive and integrated peacebuilding strategies, (iii) a clear division of labor based on the comparative advantage of different actors and (iv) enhanced coordination among all the international partners.
Permanent Representative of the Republic of Zambia to the United Nations; President, United Nations Economic and Social Council, New York
President, IPI - International Peace Institute, New York Abstract
The UN has considerable experience in making and keeping peace, but how do you build peace? And what is peace: is it just the absence of war, or does it involve a more ambitious project of creating long-term social harmony? Based on Mr. Roed-Larsen s extensive experience in the Middle East and insider knowledge of the UN system, this presentation will look at some of the essential elements needed to build peace, and examine the UN s short experience of peacebuilding. It will also underline the need for prevention in order to reduce the need for lengthy and costly post-conflict rehabilitation processes.
fmr. Executive Representative and Head of Mission, UNIPSIL - United Nations Integrated Peacebuilding Office in Sierra Leone, Freetown Abstract
What is  Peace-Building ?
Although  peace-building is nowadays a popular term, there is no agreement of what it really means. Three thoughts may help better understand peace-building:
1. Peace-building is an effort to counter globalization by trying to re-establish the nation-state and its institutions as a social organization in which people can live together, find protection and justice and can fulfill their aspirations.
2. Peace-building is an effort to cheat history by trying to build a nation-state and its institutions through peaceful and democratic means  something that has never happened in history before.
3. Peace-building is a deeply spiritual effort as gaining peace will often include the admission of individual guild, forgiveness and reconciliation.
What peace-building is not yet but could become is an effort to reform the United Nations as a member states organization that is the global custodian for preserving and maintaining peace.
Managing Director for Europe and Central Asia, EEAS - European External Action Service, Brussels Chair

Ertugrul APAKAN

Permanent Representative of the Republic of Turkey to the United Nations, New York

 Mr. Apakan received a Bachelor of Arts in political science from Ankara University and earned a master s degree in economics at the Aegean University in Izmir, Turkey in 1970
1971 He joined the Foreign Ministry
1975 Second Secretary in the General Directorate of Political Affairs
1975 Second Secretary at the Embassy in Vienna
1978 First Secretary in Kuwait
1980 Head of Section in the Department of Middle East and Africa
1982 Counsellor of the Permanent Mission to the United Nations, Geneva Office
1987 Head of the Department of Bilateral Economic Relations
1992 Deputy Director General for Cyprus and Greece in the Foreign Ministry
1996 Appointed Ambassador in northern Cyprus by the Turkish Government
2004-2006 Deputy Under-Secretary for Bilateral Political Affairs
2006-2009 Under-Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey
since 2009 Permanent Representative of Turkey to the United Nations

Lazarous KAPAMBWE

Permanent Representative of the Republic of Zambia to the United Nations; President, United Nations Economic and Social Council, New York

 His Excellency Lazarous Kapambwe was elected sixty-seventh President of the Economic and Social Council in January 2011. Ambassador Kapambwe is currently the Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Zambia to the United Nations in New York since 18 June 2007. Mr. Kapambwe served as co-facilitator of the Ad-Hoc Open Ended Working Group of the General assembly on the Implementation of the Outcome of the Conference on the World Financial and Economic Crisis in 2009-2010.
 Before joining the United Nations, Mr. Kapambwe served as the Ambassador of Zambia to several countries. Prior to bilateral and multilateral postings, Mr. Kapambwe held a variety of senior posts in his Government.
 During his career, Mr. Kapambwe represented Zambia in major multilateral and regional meetings of the United Nations, Organization of African Unity, African Union, Southern African Development Community (SADC), and Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Great Lakes region and the Intergovernmental Authority for Development (IGAD).
 Mr. Kapambwe, obtained a bachelor s degree in political economy from the University of Zambia; holds a post-graduate diploma in international relations from Nairobi University, Kenya; and received a certificate in contemporary American politics from New York University in May 1988.

Terje ROD-LARSEN

President, IPI - International Peace Institute, New York

 Terje Rød-Larsen has been President of the International Peace Institute since January 2005. He serves concurrently as the Secretary-General's Special Envoy for the Implementation of Security Council Resolution 1559 (2004). He began his career as an academic, teaching sociology, political science, and philosophy at the Universities of Bergen and Oslo, before establishing the Fafo Institute for Applied Sciences in Oslo in 1981. As Director of Fafo, he initiated a research project into the living conditions of Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, which led to a request by the PLO in 1992 that he help establish a secret channel for negotiations between the PLO and the Government of Israel. The subsequent talks between Israelis and Palestinians concluded with the Oslo Accords and the signing of the Declaration of Principles at the White House on September 13, 1993.
 In 1993, he was appointed Ambassador and Special Adviser for the Middle East Peace process to the Norwegian Foreign Minister. In mid-1994, he was appointed United Nations Special Coordinator in the Occupied Territories at the rank of Under-Secretary-General. In 1996, he became Norwegian Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Planning and Cooperation, before re-joining the United Nations. From 1999 to December 2004, he served as UN Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process and Personal Representative of the Secretary-General to the Palestine Liberation Organization and the Palestinian Authority, holding the rank of Under-Secretary-General

MA Michael VON DER SCHULENBURG

fmr. Executive Representative and Head of Mission, UNIPSIL - United Nations Integrated Peacebuilding Office in Sierra Leone, Freetown

1969-1975 FU - Freie Universität Berlin
1971-1972 LSE - London School of Economics, London, UK
1977-1978 ENA - Ecole Nationale de Administration, Paris, France
1975-1976 DIE - German Institute for Development
1978-1980 Junior Professional Officer, United Nations Development Programme, New York, USA
1980-1982 Programme Officer, United Nations Development Programme, Port-au-Price, Haiti
1983-1987 Assistant Resident Representative, United Nations Development Programme, Islamabad, Pakistan
1987-1989 Deputy Resident Representative, United Nations Development Programme, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
1988 Special Mission through Afghanistan "SALAM 3" , United Nations
1989-1991 Chief of Mission, Operation Salaam, Kabul, Afghanistan
1991-1992 Special assignments for the Special Humanitarian Representative of the UN Secretary General for the Kuwait - Iraq conflict
1992-1999 United Nations Resident Coordinator, United Nations Development Programme, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
1995-1998 Special missions in support of 6+2 Talks
1998 Special mission to Talibn-held Kandahar
1999-2000 Director for Operations and Analysis, UNODC - United Nations Drug Control Programme, Vienna, Austria
2001-2002 Special mission in support of the Special Representative of the Secretary General for Afghanistan
2001-2005 Director for Management and Finance, OSCE
2003-2005 Support to Martti Ahtisari’s ICT Initiative
2005 Special Mission to Somalia
2005-2007 Principle Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary General (DSRSG) for Political Affairs to Iraq
2008 Special mission to Afghanistan, ASG
2008 Assistant Secretary General, Department for Political Affairs, New York, USA
2008-2012 Executive Representative of the Secretary-General for Sierra Leone, Freetown, Sierra Leone
since 2012 Retired from the UN, various teaching engagements, published five papers on peacebuilding

Dr. Thomas MAYR-HARTING

Managing Director for Europe and Central Asia, EEAS - European External Action Service, Brussels

1977 Diploma, Law Studies in Vienna
1977-1978 Postgraduate-Studies, College of Europe, Bruges
1978 Diploma of The Hague Academy of International Law, The Hague
1979 Joined the Austrian Diplomatic Service
1982-1986 Austrian Mission to the European Communities, Brussels
1986-1990 Austrian Embassy, Moscow
1991-1993 Private Office of the Austrian Foreign Minister, Vienna
1993-1995 Deputy Head of Cabinet of Foreign Ministers Mock and Schüssel, Vienna
1995-1999 Deputy Political Director and Director for Security Policy and Policy Planning, Austrian Foreign Ministry, Vienna
1999-2003 Ambassador of Austria to Belgium and Head of the Austrian Mission to NATO, Brussels
2002-2004 Special Representative of the Austrian Foreign Minister for the Western Balkans
2003-2004 Representative of the Chancellor in the Reform Commission of the Federal Army, Vienna
2003-2008 Political Director (Director General for Political Affairs) of the Austrian Foreign Ministry, Vienna
2008-2011 Permanent Representative of Austria to the United Nations, New York
2009-2010 Also represented Austria on the United Nations Security Council, New York
2011 Vice-President of the 66th General Assembly of the UN, New York
2011-2015 Ambassador, (Head of the Delegation) of the European Union to the United Nations, New York
 Visiting Professor, College of Europe, Bruges and Natolin
 Lecturer, Diplomatic Academy, Vienna
since 2015 Managing Director for Europe and Central Asia, European External Action Service, Brussels

Politische Gespräche

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