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Ghana: Internationale Dominanz als Gefahr?

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Liechtenstein-Hayek-Saal
Plenary / Panel
German and English language

Vortragende

Deputy Regional Minister, Western Region of Ghana, Sekondi Abstract Key Note
 Fair urban development is a response to pervasive urban misery. It involves a historical understanding of the technological, economic and political drivers of urbanisation; the allocations of spatial, infrastructure and service resources that have characterised it; and the social, cultural and political contests it has fuelled. Proponents must take a class position in favour of the urban marginalised. In Ghana as in most of Africa this in practice means recovering  space from foreign investors that historically dominated urbanisation. This in turn requires mobilisation of the marginalised towards a rebalancing of political power and unleashing of latent communal creativity.
Dean, Consultancy and Advisory Services and Convenor, Urban Working Group, ILGS - Institute of Local Government Studies, Accra Abstract Key Note
The experience of urban development in Africa and the triggers that culminate in the observed practices remain unclear in the face of the conventional wisdom of African urbanisation as well as the post-colonial politico-administrative transitions that have occurred in African cities. These cities in Africa are being subjected to a triad of influences that are not necessarily converging forces comprising the colonial-historical, contemporary-geopolitical, and indigenous-cultural-locally-strategic elements. The pertinent question is how are these forces emerging at the interface, how are these influences intersecting and interacting and how is the result of these interactions shaping the observed urban outcomes? This knowledge is crucial for the present and future sustainability of the cities of Ghana and for that matter Africa at large. One of the most important considerations is who takes the lead in understanding how these forces are working and how is such knowledge deployed to be best advantage of the African cities. The paper identifies the national politico-bureaucratic class together with the citizenry of the cities to take the lead. It draws attention to the urgent need to empower the local practitioners of urban development in Africa to enhance their conceptual and analytical capacity in order to appreciate the types of forces that are at work in their cities. Even more important, the local policy and research capacity needs a critical dose of the imperative strategic orientation that can secure and enhance the contemporary and future liveability of these cities for indigene and migrant/visitor alike just as much as for individual household and corporate investor alike.
Head, Municipal Department 50, Housing Promotion and Arbitration Board for Legal Housing Matters, Vienna City Administration Abstract
The Western Region of Ghana is one of the most remote areas of the country, with bad road access and poor public transport. On the other hand, there are good chances for  soft tourism (national parks, traditional culture, safety). Still, regarding the development in the most advanced regions of Ghana  notably the Accra Region and the coastal areas where international investment comes in (including China) - the results seem doubtful: threats to traditional farming and fishing communities, more and more monocultures serving the European markets, growing social segregation, rapid and uncontrolled urbanisation, a huge traffic problem, the destruction of the local building sector, environmental threats& . The questions arises whether and how Ghana, as a politically stable and democratic country, can avoid the mistakes of other developing countries. Are there alternative ways of planning, and lessons to be learned from the Western Region planning experiences?

Die Western Region in Ghana ist eines der entlegensten Gebiete des Landes, mit schlechten Strassen und kaum existierendem öffentlichem Verkehr. Andererseits bestehen gute Voraussetzungen für  sanften Tourismus (Nationalparks, traditionelle Kulturen, Sicherheit). Betrachtet man allerdings die am meisten entwickelten Regionen Ghanas  vor allem die Region Accra und die Küstengebiete mit starkem internationalem Investment (auch aus China) -, scheinen die Ergebnisse zweifelhaft: Gefährdung traditioneller Bauern- und Fischergemeinschaften, mehr und mehr auf den europäischen Markt ausgerichtete Monokulturen, zunehmende soziale Segregation, rasche und unkontrollierte Verstädterung, ein riesiges Verkehrsproblem, Zerstörung der lokalen Bauwirtschaft, Umweltgefährdung.... Damit stellt sich die Frage, ob und wie Ghana, als politisch stabiles und demokratisches Land, die Fehler anderer Entwicklungsländer vermeiden kann. Gibt es alternative Planungsmethoden und entsprechende Erfahrungen, die von der Planung in der Western Region gelernt werden können?
Diplomandin, Institut für Architektur, Technische Universität Wien Abstract
City Catalyst, punktuelle Regenerationsprozesse im urbanen Kontext Johannesburgs

Die Arbeit City Catalyst ist gemeinsam mit Katharina Zerlauth entstanden. Sie beschäftigt sich mit einer alternativen Methode, um punktuelle Regenartionsprozesse im urbanen Kontext Johannesburgs, Südafrika zu aktivieren. Das urbane Gefüge wird aus einem architektonischen, stadtplanerischen aber auch aus einem kulturwissenschaftlichen Standpunkt dokumentiert, analysiert und bearbeitet.
Dies soll einen beispielhaften Umgang mit benachteiligten Zonen im urbanen Umfeld an sich zeigen. So ist die intensive Beschäftigung mit der Materie vor Ort unumgänglich, will man eine nachhaltige Antwort auf Probleme finden. Ein Wissen über den Kontext ist angebracht, strebt man eine rücksichtsvolle, inkludierende Planung an. Stadtgefüge, ihre Akteure und die Geschehnisse sind Ausdruck der Kultur und daher einzigartig zu behandeln.
Chefin vom Dienst, Der Standard, Wien Chair

Emelia ARTHUR

Deputy Regional Minister, Western Region of Ghana, Sekondi

1987-1988 Regional Co-ordinator, Regional Student s Representative Council, Ghana Education Service
1991-1994 Ghana National Service Scheme
1994-1996 Project Assistant, Development Education Programmes, Center for the Development of People (CEDEP)
1996-1997 Programme Co-ordinator, Development Education Programmes, Center for the Development of People (CEDEP)
1996-1999 Regional Coordinator, Colan Consult
1996-1999 Lead Trainer, Japanese Overseas Cooperation Volunteers (JOCV)
1995-2003 Team Leader, UK Voluntary Service Overseas (VSO)
1996-2001 Lead Trainer, German Development Services
1999-2002 USA Peace Corps
2002-2003 Forest Sector Development Project, Forestry Commission, Ghana
2002-2003 UK Department for International Development (DFID)
2002-2009 Executive Director, Integrated Action for Development Initiatives
2004 Team Member, International Institute for Environment and Development, UK
2004 Field Team Leader, Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA)
2003-2005 Member, Expert Panel, FRR - UK
2004 Team Leader and Social Development Expert, FRR - UK
2003-2006 Team Leader (03), Facilitator (04 and 08) and Lead Consultant (06), CARE International
2006 Consultant, Peace Direct, UK
2004-2008 Pan African Facilitator (04-06), Africa Team Leader (06-08) and Global Team Leader (07-08), British Council
2006 Team Leader and Political Economy Expert, International Union of Conservation of Nature (IUCN) - World Conservation Union
2008 International Facilitation Advisory Team - World Conservation Congress 2008, International Union of Conservation of Nature (IUCN) - World Conservation Union
2008 Consultant - World Conservation Congress, International Union of Conservation of Nature (IUCN) - World Conservation Union
2008 Consultant, World Bank
2008 Africa Consultant on a Global Team, Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA)
2009 Consultant, International Union of Conservation of Nature (IUCN) - World Conservation Union
2009 Consultant, Evaluation of FERN s activities between 2006 to 2009 in Asia, Africa and Europe, FERN, Europe
2009-2011 District Chief Executive, Government of Ghana
since 2011 Deputy Regional Minister, Government of Ghana

PhD Dr. Kwadwo Ohene SARFOH

Dean, Consultancy and Advisory Services and Convenor, Urban Working Group, ILGS - Institute of Local Government Studies, Accra

1990-1993 BSc. (Hons), Building Technology, University of Science and Technology, Kumasi
2000 Pg. Dip., Urban Infrastructure Management, Institute for Housing and Urban Development Studies, Rotterdam,
  and Lund University, Sweden
2001-2002 MSc., Urban Housing Management, Institute for Housing and Urban Development Studies, Rotterdam,
 
2005-2010 PhD. Geography, University of St. Andrews, Scotland
1990-1993 Project Site Intern, Messers Lane Engineering and Construction Ltd.
1993-1994 National Service: Technical Officer, Department of Rural Housing
1994-1996 Assistant Quantity Surveyor, QU-ESS Consult
1996-1999 Project Management and Quantity Surveyor Consultant, DANIDA-HSSP and EMU
1997 Construction Project Coordinator, DANIDA Technical Support for the Electoral Commission of Ghana
1998-2004 Project Manager, FF Construction
1998-2001 Quantity Surveyor, CIHSD - The Consortium for Innovations in Human Settlements Development
2002-2005 Conference Coordination, IHS-Regional Office for West-Africa; IHSA&A Consult and Urban Solutions; Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development; Ministry of Works and Housing
2002-2004 West Africa Training Coordinator and Admissions Advisor, IHSA&A Consult and Urban Solutions
since 2002 Urban Housing, Urban Infrastructure Management and Urban Development Specialist
2004-2005 Deputy Team Leader, CHLDEP - Cultural Heritage and Local Economic Development in Elmina Programme
2004-2005 Research Associate, Health Decentralization Study, ILGS - Institute of Local Government Studies
2005-2006 Research Consultant, SCP - Sustainable Cities Programme, UN-Habitat/UNEP
2005-2006 Member, Municipal Finance and Management Initiative Coordination Team, Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development
2005-2007 Country Project Consultant, Slum Upgrading Facility, UN-Habitat
2006-2007 Local Consultant, MIGA Appraisal Team on proposed Mass Housing, Joint Venture Project
2006-2007 Project Evaluation Consultant, Homeless International, 6-Country Study, UK
2007-2008 SIDA Country Consultant, Feasibility Studies on Local Urban Knowledge Arena
2009 Manager, Local Finance Facility of the UN-Habitat Slum Upgrading Facility, Ghana
since 2009 Head, Research and Consultancy, Institute of Local Government Studies, Ghana
since 2009 Counterpart Urban Development Expert, Ghana Urban Management Pilot Programme

Mag. Dr. Wolfgang FÖRSTER

Head, Municipal Department 50, Housing Promotion and Arbitration Board for Legal Housing Matters, Vienna City Administration

 Studium der Architektur in Wien und Graz, Post Graduate Ausbildung in Politologie, Mag. arch., Dr. tech.
1988-2001 Mitarbeiter, Prokurist, Leiter des Koordinationsbereiches, Wohn-fonds_Wien
  Leitung mehrerer EU-Projekte
  Leiter, Arbeitsgruppe Housing, EUROCITIES
  Vorsitzender, Committee for Housing and Land Management, Europäischen Wirtschaftskommission der Vereinten Nationen (UNECE)
seit 2001 Bereichsleiter, Wohnbauforschung und Gebietsbetreuung sowie zuständig für internationale Kontakte im Bereich Stadterneuerung und Wohnbau, Wiener Stadtverwaltung

Anna LINDNER

Diplomandin, Institut für Architektur, Technische Universität Wien

2001-2010 Studium der Architektur, TU Wien
2005 Orangefarm Township project, Südafrika
2005 Add On, 20 Höhenmeter, Wien
2006 Orangefarm Township project, Südafrika
2007 Design Build project, Nias, Indonesien
2008 Tätigkeit bei Aerolab Design, Changzhou, China
2009 Gründung der Gehsteig Guerrilleros
2009 Forschungsaufenthalt in Johannesburg an der WITS University
2009 Bellevue - das gelbe Haus, Linz
2009-2011 Ausstellung Wohnmodelle, Experiment und Alltag, Sofia, Belgrad, Graz
2010 Tätigkeit bei Lindnerarchitektur, Baden
2011 EUROPAN Österreich Auscchreibung für das EUROPAN Österreich Komitee
seit 2011 Tätigkeit bei MVD Austria, Wien