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Special Lecture: Wohin geht die Türkei?

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Erwin-Schrödinger-Saal
Plenary / Panel
German and English language

Vortragende

Minister for EU Affairs and Chief Negotiator, TBMM - Turkish Grand National Assembly, Ankara Key Note
Vorstandsmitglied, OMV AG, Wien Abstract
Turkey as Third OMV-Hub

Turkey  junction between east and west
Turkey  an important growing market
Turkey  energy-politically significant
Turkey  an important partner

Turkey is a remarkable growth market and a highly promising region. Furthermore, it is an important bridge to the worldwide biggest sources of natural gas. For this reasons, Turkey is becoming the third strategic OMV-Hub (in addition to Austria and Romania) and an important partner for OMV. Success in new regions can only be achieved when partnerships between supply countries, transit and consumer markets with mutual interests are built.

For their implementation, energy projects require trust and support from politicians, as well as from national and international stakeholders, and frameworks, which enable a reciprocal involvement of all parties.

OMV and the Turkish Botas are vital partners in the Nabucco project. With the signing of the Intergovernmental Agreement in July of this year, an important step was made and a foundation was laid for a common legal framework stipulating the gas transport by Turkey and the participating EU countries. Nabucco connects the markets and natural gas flows between the different growing regions.

OMV is active in Turkey and is a shareholder of the Turkish Petrol Ofisi. To cover the increasing electricity demand, OMV invests in the construction of a gas power plant in Samsun and ensures the necessary gas supply for this project.

An important element for the implementation of all these projects is sustainable and responsible corporate governance. Profitable growing as well as ecological and corporate social responsibility are inseparable from each other. Turkey is - also in this perspective - a partner for a sustainable future development.





Die Türkei als Dritter OMV-Hub

Die Türkei - Knotenpunkt zwischen Ost und West
Die Türkei - ein wichtiger Wachstumsmarkt
Die Türkei - energiepolitisch bedeutsam
Die Türkei - ein wichtiger Partner

Die Türkei ist ein bedeutender Wachstumsmarkt und wichtige Zukunftsregion. Sie ist darüber hinaus eine entscheidende Brücke zu den gasreichsten Regionen der Welt. Die Türkei wird deshalb strategisch der Dritte OMV-Hub (zusätzlich zu Österreich und Rumänien) und wichtiger Partner für die OMV. Erfolge in neuen Regionen lassen sich nur erzielen, wenn sich zwischen Lieferländern, Transit- und Konsumentenregionen Partnerschaften im gemeinsamen Interesse und zum mehrseitigen Vorteil entwickeln.

Energieprojekte benötigen zu ihrer Verwirklichung, aufgrund ihrer Dimension, das Vertrauen und die Unterstützung politischer Verantwortungsträger sowie nationaler und internationaler Stakeholder und Rahmenbedingungen, welche diese gegenseitige Einbeziehung ermöglichen.

Im Nabucco Projekt sind OMV und die türkische Botas wichtige Partner. Mit der Unterzeichnung des Intergovernmental Agreement im Juli dieses Jahres ist ein wichtiger Schritt getan und ein Fundament für einen gemeinsamen Rahmen für den Gastransport mit der Türkei und den beteiligten EU Ländern fixiert. Die Nabucco verbindet die Märkte und das Gas fließt als Versorgungsstrom zwischen den wachsenden Regionen.

Die OMV betätigt sich aktiv in der Türkei und ist an der Petrol Ofisi beteiligt. Für den steigenden Elektrizitätsbedarf investiert die OMV in die Errichtung eines Gaskraftwerkes in Samsun und sichert dafür auch den notwendigen Gassupply.

Ein wichtiges Element bei der Durchführung all dieser Projekte der OMV ist eine nachhaltige, verantwortungsbewusste Unternehmensführung. Profitables Wachstum, ökologische und gesellschaftlich-soziale Verantwortung sind untrennbar miteinander verbunden. Die Türkei ist - auch hier - Partner für eine nachhaltige Zukunftsentwicklung.
Author, Istanbul Abstract
The title of this meeting has strong referance to a well known phrase in Latin  quo vadis? which refers to a legend in Christian tradition, related in the apocryphal Acts of Peter in which Saint Peter meets Jesus as Peter is fleeing from likely crucifixion in Rome. Peter asks Jesus the question; Jesus' answer, "I am going to Rome to be crucified again" (Eo Romam iterum crucifigi), prompts Peter to gain the courage to continue his ministry. ¹ As Islam accepts the other monotheistical holly books it can be said that the question of  Where Turkey goes? has also very similar dramatical and alarming meaning in Turkish culture although the question has been used in daily jokes since  Tanzimat-Reforms of Ottoman Empire (1839) as my be a sign of counterintuitive position in a non-Christian tradition. Hence different traditions and cultures mostly have similar understanding on critical and severe terms even for the most simple people. Because we all are human, and simply enough that human tears are salty in every corners of the planet. In my talk I will try to go around the pseudo differences of the human civilazition and the misfortunuate attempt of  The Alliance of Civilization initiative which started in 2005 and continues between Spain and Turkey. I frankly think that we all are human, therefore must be only one humanity and its own civilization can be purely called: human civilization. The Alliance of Civilization might be only refer between ours and the alliens of outer space if their they have tears and if it is sweet (!) My question will be more simple then asking  Where Turkey, and/or EU goes? and want to ask  Qou vadis Humanity and the Blue Planet? while giving samples from Turkish literature and Turkish life including the images of the  fear of Turk (meant Islamic army) in Europe and the  fear of Crusaiders (meant ancient EU army) in Turkey.
Board Member, TÜSIAD - Turkish Industrialists' and Businessmen's Association; Counselor to Chairman, Dogan Holding, Istanbul Abstract
-TURKEY IS FIRMLY ENTRENCHED IN WESTERN MODEL OF GOVERNANCE,DEMOCRACY AND THE RULE OF LAW.HOWEVER, ESPECIALLY DURING THE LAST THREE YEARS IT HAS BECOME MORE POLARIZED AROUND CERTAIN VALUES AND IDENTITIES. THIS SITUATION TENDS TO OBSCURE AND CASTS A DOUBT ON ITS DEMOCRATIC CREDENTIALS AS WELL AS WESTERN ORIENTATION.
- ONE OF THE MAIN ISSUES OF POLARIZATION IS BETWEEN PSEUDO-ISLAMIC CONSERVATISM VERSUS ULTRA SECULAR MODERNISM.THIS POLARIZATION IS OFTEN PORTRAYED AS A FIGHT BETWEEN DEMOCRATIC FORCES AND PRO-ESTABLISHMENT SECULARISTS.THIS IS AN OVERSIMPLIFICATION AND HALF TRUTH.DIVIDING LINES ARE NOT CLEAR.A CASE IN POINT IS THE ERGENEKON TRIAL.THERE IS A GENERAL AGREEMENT IN TURKEY THAT MILITARY COUPS AND INTERVENTIONS IN THE POLITICAL PROCESS ARE NO MORE ACCEPTABLE. YET THIS TRIAL,THAT SHOULD IDENTIFY AND DO JUSTICE TO POSSIBLE COUP ATTEMPTS OF THE PAST IS MIRED WITH GROSS VIOLATIONS OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND ARBITRARY PROCEDURAL ERRORS.
- 7 YEARS OF AKP RULE IN TURKEY WAS NOT ABLE TO MITIGATE THE FEARS IN SOME INFLUENTIAL CIRCLES THAT THE MODERN REPUBLIC IS SLOWLY TAKEN OFF FROM ITS COURSE TOWARDS AN INCREASINGLY ISLAMIC SOCIETY.THE POLITICAL STABILITY BROUGHT ABOUT BY THE ELECTION VICTORIES OF THE AKP, IS NOW BEING CHALLENGED BY THE NEED OF COUNTERVAILING POLITICAL FORCES THAT WILL RESTRAIN A SINGLE PARTY RULE.
-ANOTHER MAJOR ISSUE OF POLARIZATION IS ON HOW TO SEPARATE THE KURDISH ISSUE FROM TERRORISM.THE SCOPE OF CULTURAL,SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC RIGHTS IN A MIND SET AND EXISTING CONSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK THAT EMPHASIZES A SINGLE IDENTITY IS A MAJOR QUESTION MARK..IN ADDITION,HOW TO DEAL WITH THE SENSIVITIES OF THE FAMILIES WHO LOST THEIR LOVED ONES IN THE FIGHT AGAINST TERROR POSES AN ANOTHER CHALLENGE.

-UNTIL THE GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISIS TURKEY HAD REGISTERED AN IMPRESSIVE ECONOMIC GROWTH AND APPLIED SOUND FISCAL DICIPLINE.AFTER THE 2001 ECONOMIC CRISIS ,WHICH WAS TOTALLY HOME MADE,EFFECTIVE MEASURES WERE TAKEN TO BUILD THE NECESSARY INSTITUTIONS .TURKEY ADOPTED A COMPREHENSIVE AND THE IMF SUPPORTED ECONOMIC STABILAZATION PROGRAMME .WHEN CAME TO POWER, THE AKP GOVERNMENT IMPLEMENTED FAITHFULLY THIS PROGRAMME.THE SITUATION IS DIFFERENT NOW.THE GLOBAL CRISIS IS STILL TESTING THE GOVERNMENT.THE FALL IN OUR EXPORTS ,ALARMING BUDGET DEFICIT AND THE VERY HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT RATE POSE SERIOUS CONCERNS. THIS YEAR TURKISH ECONOMY WILL MOST PROBABLY SHRINK BY 5 TO 6 PERCENT.ANY GROWTH RATE LESS THAN 7 PER CENT AGGRAVATES UNEMPLOYMENT IN TURKEY.

-DESPITE ITS MEMBERSHIP NEGOTIATIONS ,TURKEY S EU VOCATION IS STILL CHALLENGED BY SOME EU MEMBERS.THIS CREATES RESENTMENT AND ERODES THE CONFIDENCE OF THE TURKISH PUBLIC OPINION IN THE EU PROCESS.THE TARGET OF MEMBERSHIP BY THE YEAR 2012 APPEARS UNLIKELY TO BE REALIZED DUE TO POLITICAL CLIMATE IN EUROPE AS WELL AS DOMESTIC POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS THAT WILL INCREASINGLY FOCUS ON 2011 PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS.
Deputy Editor-In-Chief, Head of Department Economy, APA - Austria Presse Agentur, Vienna Chair

BA Egemen BAGIS

Minister for EU Affairs and Chief Negotiator, TBMM - Turkish Grand National Assembly, Ankara

 Between 2002 and 2009, Mr. Bagis served as:
 - AK Party, Vice Chairman in charge of Foreign Affairs and Representative Offices
 - AK Party, Member of the Central Executive Committee
 - Foreign Policy Advisor to Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan
 - Chairman of Turkey-USA Inter-Parliamentary Friendship Caucus
 - Chairman of NATO-PA Subcommittee on Transatlantic Relations
 - Deputy Chairman of the Turkish Delegation to NATO Parliamentary Assembly

Dipl.-Ing. Dr. Werner AULI

Vorstandsmitglied, OMV AG, Wien

 Studium an der TU Wien
1987 Eintritt in die OMV, Abteilung für Unternehmensentwicklung und strategisches Controlling
ab 1990 Assistent des Vorstands im Bereich Chemie und Werkstoffe
ab 1991 Assistent des Vorstands in den Bereichen Finanzen, Controlling und Chemie
1993-2000 Geschäftsführer der Austria Mineralöl GmbH
ab 2000 Geschäftsführer der OMV Cogeneration GmbH
2001-2003 Geschäftsführer der OMV Erdgas GmbH
2002-2004 Geschäftsführer der EconGas (50%-OMV-Tocher)
ab 2004 Vorsitzender und Sprecher der Geschäftsführung der OMV Gas GmbH
ab 2006 Geschäftsführer der OMV Gas International GmbH
seit 2007 Vorstandsmitglied der OMV für den Bereich Gas

Buket UZUNER

Author, Istanbul

 Buket Uzuner is an author of short stories, travelogues, and novels. Originally trained as a molecular biologist and environmental scientist she studied and worked at universities in Turkey (Hacettepe and METU), Norway, USA and Finland. Mrs Uzuner was a honorary fellow writer at the The University of Iowa and has travelled and lived in North Africa, North America and Europe. Today she lives in Istanbul with her son.

Volkan VURAL

Board Member, TÜSIAD - Turkish Industrialists' and Businessmen's Association; Counselor to Chairman, Dogan Holding, Istanbul

1964 University of Ankara, Faculty of Political Sciences
1964-1968 Third and second Secretary at the Economics Department in the Turkish Foreign Service
1968-1970 First Secretary, Turkish Embassy, Seoul, South Korea
1971-1973 Consul, Turkish Consulate General, Munich
1973-1976 Head of Section, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ankara
1976-1982 Deputy Head, Political Department, NATO International Secretariat (Bruxelles) on Secondment from the Turkish Foreign Office
1982-1986 General Director of Economics Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ankara
1987-1988 Ambassador of Turkey to the Islamic Republic of Iran
1988-1993 Ambassador of Turkey to the Soviet Union and later to the Russian Federation
1993-1995 Ambassador, Deputy Undersecretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Chief Advisor to the Prime Minister on foreign and national security issues
1995-1998 Ambassador of Turkey to the Federal Republic of Germany
1998-2000 Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Turkey to the United Nations, New York
2000-2003 State Secretary for European Union Affairs
2003-2006 Ambassador of Turkey to the Kingdom of Spain
2006 Retired from the Turkish Foreign Service
since 2007 Advisor to the President of the Dogan Group of Companies
since 2009 TUSIAD Board Member, President of EU Harmonisation Committee

Dr. Thomas KARABACZEK

Deputy Editor-In-Chief, Head of Department Economy, APA - Austria Presse Agentur, Vienna

1987 Magister der Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaften (Handelswissenschaften), Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien
1992 Doktor der Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaften (Volkswirtschaft) Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien
1989-1992 Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter, Österreichisches Ost- und Südosteuropainstitut
seit 1992 Redakteur, Austria Presse Agentur
1992-1994 Wirtschaftsredaktion
1995-2005 EU-Korrespondent, Brüssel
2005-2008 Stellvertretender Chefredakteur, Austria Presse Agentur, Wien
seit 2008 Ressortleiter Wirtschaft, Austria Presse Agentur, Wien

Wirtschaftsgespräche

Timetable einblenden

01.09.2009

14:00 - 14:30EröffnungPlenary
14:30 - 16:00Das Gewicht Europas: Wirtschaftspolitische Interessen in einer multipolaren WeltwirtschaftPlenary
16:30 - 18:00Die zukünftige Gestalt Europas: Visionen und RealitätPlenary
19:00 - 20:30Special Lecture: Wohin geht die Türkei?Plenary
20:30 - 23:00Empfang gegeben von der Oesterreichischen NationalbankSocial

02.09.2009

09:00 - 10:30Europa und das internationale FinanzsystemPlenary
11:00 - 12:30Europäische Energie- und Klimapolitik: Defensive Selbstbeschränkung oder Technologieoffensive?Plenary
14:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 01: Innovation in der Krise! Gerüstet für den Aufschwung?Breakout
14:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 02: Financial and economic turbulences in CEE/SEE - Impact and remediesBreakout
14:30 - 16:00Arbeitskreis 03: Post Lissabon - Europas (Wieder-) Aufstieg zur Wirtschaftsweltmacht?Breakout
14:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 04: Values and virtues: Can ethics lead Europe back to the top?Breakout
14:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 05: Protektionismus als Folge der Krise?Breakout
14:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 06: Wirtschaft und Politik - zwei Systemlogiken. Kann das Vertrauen im Unterschied wachsen?Breakout
14:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 07: Vertrauen in einer vernetzten WeltBreakout
14:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 08: Smart Metering - die Zukunft der Versorgungssicherheit?Breakout
14:30 - 16:00Arbeitskreis 09: Intelligente Infrastruktur - Wie lange noch bis zum Systeminfarkt?Breakout
14:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 10: Zukunft der Versorgungssicherheit - Wie verändert die "Gaskrise" die europäische Energiepolitik?Breakout
14:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 11: Das Management der KriseBreakout
14:30 - 16:00Arbeitskreis 12: Arbeitsmarkt und Beschäftigungspolitik in der KriseBreakout
14:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 13: Korruption in KrisenzeitenBreakout
14:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 14: Wertschöpfung durch nachhaltigen TourismusBreakout
14:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 15: Gesundheitswesen - Kostenfalle oder Wachstumsmotor?Breakout
14:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 16: Der Wirtschaftskrise ganzheitlich begegnen - Betriebliche Gesundheitsförderung (BGF) als europäischer WegBreakout
16:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 17: Greisender Kontinent - Reif für die Weltmacht?Breakout
16:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 18: Connecting markets, connecting continents - Logistik als Motor für WachstumBreakout
16:30 - 18:00Arbeitskreis 19: The Dawn of E-MobilityBreakout
19:00 - 20:30Special Lecture: Unternehmenskultur und Krisenbewältigung in Europa - Das europäische Management-ModellPlenary
20:30 - 23:00Empfang gegeben von Deutsche Telekom AGSocial

03.09.2009

09:30 - 12:00Die Zukunft Europas und die Verantwortung der PolitikPlenary
12:00 - 12:15SchlusswortePlenary