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03 The Dawn of Cyber War – Consequences for States, Societies and Individuals

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Hauptschule
Breakout / Working Group
english language

European Forum Alpbach in cooperation with the Federal Ministry of Defence and Sports of the Republic of Austria
In order to analyse the real damage that a potential cyber war or individual act of cyber warfare could do to the citizens of any nation or society coming under attack, it is fundamental to begin with some reflections that will help us to reach a full understanding of the phenomenon and its related practical implications. Hence, in the working group, we will deepen the thoughts developed during the panel discussions with more involvement of the audience.

Speakers

Senior Advisor, Project on Technology, Security, and Conflict in the Cyber Age, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard University; Former Acting Senior Director for Cyberspace, National Security Council, Washington, D.C.
Cyber Security Officer, OSCE - Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Vienna
Undersecretary for Legal and Administrative Affairs, Estonian Ministry of Defence, Tallinn
Chairman, ESRT - European Security Roundtable sprl, Brussels
Colonel, Head, Cyber Defence and ICT-Security, AAFSA - Austrian Armed Forces Security Agency, Ministry of Defence and Sports, Vienna Abstract
> Highly developed countries depend on their infrastructure.
> Strategic infrastructure depends on the effective operation of the information and communications technology.
> A sustainable attack on the strategic infrastructure can lead to a policitically exploitable result.
> This is the simple thesis behind the theory of cyber war.
> I'll discuss the cyber risk spectrum, and show a scenario which should make clear that cyber war is not only a science fiction topic.
Senior Analyst, NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence, Tallinn
Cyber-Coordinator and Head, Military Strategy Division, Federal Ministry of Defence and Sports of the Republic of Austria, Vienna Chair

Melissa HATHAWAY

Senior Advisor, Project on Technology, Security, and Conflict in the Cyber Age, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard University; Former Acting Senior Director for Cyberspace, National Security Council, Washington, D.C.

 B.A. Degree, The American University, Washington, D.C.
 Graduate Studies in International Economics and Technology Transfer Policy, Washington, D.C.
 Graduate of the US Armed Forces Staff College (special certificate in Information Operations), Norfolk, Virginia
1989-1990 The American Foreign Service Association, Washington, D.C.
1990-1993 Associate, Evidence Based Research, Inc., McLean, Virginia
1993-2007 Principal, Booz Allen & Hamilton, Inc., McLean, Virginia
2007-2009 Cyber Coordination Executive and Director, Joint Interagency Cyber Task Force, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Washington, D.C.
2009 Acting Senior Director for Cyberspace, National Security Council, Washington, D.C.
since 2009 President, Hathaway Global Strategies, LLC and Senior Advisor at Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center

M.Litt Nemanja MALISEVIC

Cyber Security Officer, OSCE - Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Vienna

 M.Litt., University of St Andrews
 B.A., University of Wales, Cardiff
2004-2005 Consultant, OSCE - Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Vienna
2005-2009 Assistant Programme Officer and CTN - Counter Terrorism Network Co-ordinator (from 2007), OSCE - Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Vienna
2009-2011 Associate Programme Officer and CTN- Counter Terrorism Network Co-ordinator, OSCE - Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Vienna
since 2011 Cyber Security Officer, OSCE - Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Vienna

MA Taimar PETERKOP

Undersecretary for Legal and Administrative Affairs, Estonian Ministry of Defence, Tallinn

2000-2001 Lawyer, The Government Office, Tallinn
2001-2005 Director of International Law Office, Estonian Ministry of Defence, Tallinn
2005-2008 Director of Operations and Crisis Management Department, Estonian Ministry of Defence, Tallinn
2008-2010 Defence Councellor, Estonian Embassy, Washington
since 2010 Undersecretary for Legal and Administrative Affairs, Estonian Ministry of Defence, Tallinn

Dr. Christoph RAAB

Chairman, ESRT - European Security Roundtable sprl, Brussels

1999 Diploma in Economics, University of Trier, Germany
2001 Master's Degree in European Economic Studies. Master's Thesis about 'Poland's preparations for the European Monetary Union', The College of Europe Natolin, Warsaw, Poland
1999-2000 Journalist, IfA - Institute for Foriegn Cultural Relations, Stuttgart, Germany
2002-2005 Personal Assistant, Karl von Wogau MEP - European Parliament, Brussels, Belgium
since 2005 Managing Director Copura GmbH, Event Management, Consulting and Communication, Brussels, Belgium
since 2009 Chairman European Security Round Table, European Security and Defence Policy Forum, Brussels, Belgium

Mag. Walter UNGER

Colonel, Head, Cyber Defence and ICT-Security, AAFSA - Austrian Armed Forces Security Agency, Ministry of Defence and Sports, Vienna

1979-1982 Military Academy, Wiener Neustadt
1982-1988 Platoon and Company Commander, Bruckneudorf
1988-1991 12. General Staff Course, National Defence Academy, Vienna
1991-1999 AAFSA - Austrian Armed Forces Security Agency, Ministry of Defence and Sports, Vienna
1998-1999 Leadership course, Federal Administration Academy, Vienna
1999-2000 Commander of the Anti-Tank Battalion 1, Joint Forces Command, Wiener Neustadt
2001-2009 Head of the Counter Intelligence Division, AAFSA - Austrian Armed Forces Security Agency, Vienna
2006-2008 Head of the Interministerial Working Group Strategy  ICT Security
2009-2013 Head of the ICT-Security Division, AAFSA - Austrian Armed Forces Security Agency, Vienna
since 2013 Head of the Cyber Defence & ICT- Security Division, AAFSA - Austrian Armed Forces Security Agency, Vienna
since 2015 Project Team Leader Cyber Defence Centre, AAFSA - Austrian Armed Forces Security Agency, Vienna

Dr. LL.M Katharina ZIOLKOWSKI

Senior Analyst, NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence, Tallinn

2000 Master of Laws in International Law (LL.M.), University of New South Wales, Sydney
2001-2004 PhD, Freie Universität Berlin ("Postulates of Justice as Justification of Wars. On the Influence of Modern Just War Concepts on the Legality of Use of Force in International Relations After 1945", NOMOS 2008)
2004-2006 Legal Advisor, InfoOp and CNO Capabilities, Joint Forces Office, Bonn
2006-2007 Legal Advisor, Airborne Operations Division, Veitshöchheim
2007-2010 Legal Advisor and Operational Law Instructor, NATO School, Oberammergau
2010 Multinational Operations Attorney-Advisor, U.S. Army, The Judge Advocate General's Legal Centre and School, CLAMO - Centre for Law and Military Operations, Charlottesville
2011 Law Instructor, General Staff College, Hamburg
since 2011 Senior Analyst, NATO CCD COE - NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence, Tallinn

Mag. M.Sc. Helmut HABERMAYER

Cyber-Coordinator and Head, Military Strategy Division, Federal Ministry of Defence and Sports of the Republic of Austria, Vienna

1978-1982 Theresian Military Academy
1981-1988 Several Postings as Platoon and Company Commander in the AAF Reconnaissance Battalion, incl. an UN-tour with UNDOF - United Nations Disengagement Observer Force
1988-1991 General Staff Officers Course
1991-1993 G3 of the Military Command Lower Austria
1993-1998 J2 of the Operations Division MOD
1998-1999 Cdt. of a Mechanized Infantry Battalion
1999-2000 National Defence University, Washington, D.C.
2000-2001 National Contingent Commander of the AAF in Kosovo
2001-2006 Deputy Head of the Strategic Planning Division and Expert for Threat-Analysis, Network Centric Warfare and Transformation to the Political-Military Austrian Armed Forces Reform Commission; Head of the C2-Workinggroup. In this competency he decisively designed the new Joint Forces Command and generally the new command structure at all levels.
2006-2013 Head of the Military Strategy Division in the Ministry of Defence and Responsible for Strategic Documents, CD&E, LI/LL and Cyber-Use in Military Operations.
since 2013 Director Force Structures and Organisation and Chief Information Officer of the Austrian Armed Forces. In this capacity he is also responsible for the Cyber Policy of the Ministry of Defence and the participation of the Austrian Armed Forces in the comprehensive Cyber Security effort of Austria.

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