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03: Climate change and risk governance – the role of research, science and innovation

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Hauptschule
Breakout / Working Group
english language

The workshop will provide knowledge pools about expected trends of climate change (e.g. extreme weather events, floods, and droughts), regional forecasting probabilities and the role of politics and geo-political examples (e.g. California and the Polar region). The use and controversy of policy instruments such as emissions trading and the socio-economic impacts of climate change will be discussed. One special focus of climate change impacts will be given to alpine areas, e.g. for tourism and land use. The workshop is designed to give an overview on a variety of pressing climate change issues and to demonstrate the role of research. Besides presentations from highly ranked international scientists, the focus of information exchange will be on the discussion process with the auditorium.

Speakers

Senior Researcher, Abteilung Globaler Wandel und Natürliche Systeme, Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung (PIK), Potsdam Abstract
Not only is the global water cycle a central part of the climate system but also is freshwater the most vital element to sustain all life on Earth. Therefore, the Earth's water system merits close attention both as a driver of climate change (through changes in precipitation and evapotranspiration) and as an impact sector at risk. In addition, humans are perturbing the water system directly (e.g. through water withdrawals, dams and river diversions) and indirectly (e.g. through land cover changes) to a degree that is now visible at planetary scale. The multiple pressures on the Earth's freshwater resources of a growing and often more prosperous world population, excessive and increasingly non-sustainable water use, and climate change including increases in extreme events, such as droughts in particular, suggest that human societies may be heading for a 21st century 'global water crisis' in parallel to the looming global climate change. Already today, more than one billion people (20% of the world population) have no secure access to clean drinking water.

A close inspection of the latest IPCC Assessment Reports in fact makes clear that water is at the core of ongoing and anticipated climatic changes and the resulting impacts. To mention but the most important aspects: Precipitation is projected to either increase (especially in high latitudes) or decline (in much of the tropics and subtropics), implying the risk of more floods or more droughts, respectively, and changes in the seasonality of water delivery. Sea levels are likely to increase, and snow and ice formations are expected to retreat with consequences for millions of people who rely on the freshwater released by glaciers. Moreover, as temperatures will rise around the world, evapotranspiration will increase and, thus, the amount of liquid freshwater resources available for irrigation, households, industries and ecosystems tends to decrease. Higher temperatures, and regionally lower precipitation, in turn increase the demand for water. And, if aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems are to experience more water stress, they will provide less "goods and services" to human societies.

Whereas climatic changes doubtlessly influence the global freshwater resources in many ways and significantly so, societal processes - especially population rise, increased affluence and lifestyle changes - are likely to be even more important drivers of future water use and, possibly, water scarcity. This suggests that a supposed global water crisis will be due primarily to changes on the demand side (human water requirements in particular) and less so due to changes on the climate-controlled supply side, and that even a successful implementation of the active or planned regional and global mechanisms for mitigation of climate change will not be sufficient to fully prevent such a crisis.

The water demand side comprises a number of users - among them households, industries, and the most demanding water use sector, irrigated agriculture -, the actual water use of which ultimately depends, among other factors, on the number and lifestyle of people who exploit the freshwater resources, the degree to which they have access to these resources, the efficiency of water use, and the technology used to extract and distribute the water. Aquatic (river and lake) and terrestrial ecosystems (forests, grasslands etc.) have also to be acknowledged as water users. Hence, the question how to minimise the risk of global - and local - water scarcity is not only one of the absolute amounts of water used collectively by all sectors but also one of the sources of water (sustainable vs. unsustainable) and one of the tradeoffs between the different users.

An ultimate challenge that the world is facing is to use and consume as little water as possible for producing the food needed to nourish the world's growing population, while guaranteeing sustainable water supply to other users, including natural ecosystems. Calculations indicate that a significant amount of water will be needed in addition to the contemporary amounts in order to sustain future global food production, and only a small part of this amount can stem from irrigation (which is often unsustainable, expensive, and poses ecological risks). Other options include the (limited) increase of irrigation efficiencies and the implicit saving of 'virtual' water through trade of commodities produced in water-rich regions to water-scarce regions. The largest potential, however, appears to improve the water use and productivity in non-irrigated agriculture, e.g. by improved soil management, rainwater harvesting, supplementary irrigation and other small-scale, sustainable and cost-effective methods.

Nonetheless, these means for a better use of freshwater are unlikely to be sufficient for securing future global food production, such that an extension of cropland area seems to be unavoidable - even though about 18 million km2 of the land surface are under cultivation already now. Thus, water management decisions often imply land management decisions, a fact that is gaining critical importance in the current debate about land use changes for bioenergy production. Although bioenergy is desirable to constitute an increasing proportion of the future energy mix, the implications of large-scale plantations for the water sector including the consequential tradeoffs for other water use domains are yet to be assessed globally.

According to these pressing questions, global-scale water resources and water scarcity assessments are imperative, to be performed typically with global hydrological models - and optimally with a suite of such models under a number of climate, population growth, and land use scenarios, to account for the many uncertainties that still exist. Such analyses will be required to identify hotspots of change as well as regions under greatest risk of increasing water scarcity, and also to quantify existing and potential future teleconnections in the global water system (e.g. through virtual water trade). It will also be crucial to systematically assess effects of land use changes (deforestation, reforestation, bioenergy plantations) on water resources, to explore possible land allocation patterns that would optimise global water use, and to see whether it will be possible at all to arrange these land and water use patterns in a sustainable way.

The many interconnections between the climate system, the water system and eventually the vegetation that covers the Earth apparently demand a 'holistic' approach to land and water management. This requires not only (soft) technological advancements and political interventions at scales from local to global, but also changes in the behaviour of individual people (to mention one example: a diet with a significant share of meat requires much more freshwater than a vegetarian diet). In sum, as demonstrated by the example of water - which has always been also a cultural phenomenon in all human societies - global climate change, whatever pronounced it eventually will be, appears to interfere with human societies to an extent that we are just beginning to understand. In view of that, the ongoing changes and risks can be utilised as a catalyst for reassessing our mental pictures of 'nature' and its 'management'.
Leiterin, Institut für Meteorologie, Universität für Bodenkultur Wien Abstract
Carbon dioxide emissions and their effect on global temperature were understood early on by atmospheric scientists and the developments were very well predicted. Although climate models have become increasingly sophisticated and now include the hydrosphere and the cryosphere, as well as parts of the biosphere and an ever increasing number of processes within each of these, the results have proven surprisingly robust over the last 30 years and they match the observed climate change very well.

There are still uncertainties due to lack of scientific understanding of processes, lack of data and limits to spatial resolution, and a number of potentially important feed back mechanisms that - on the whole - tend to enhance global warming are not yet taken account of in most climate models. In spite of these caveats confidence of the scientific community in the Global Climate Models (GCM) is such that it would be irresponsible not to make the results public and press the world to act on them. The Assessment Reports of the IPCC have become clearer and more definite with each re-evaluation, the Stern Report in 2006 made the case from the economic point of view.

The Fourth Assessment Report (FAR) of the IPCC Working Group I presented in February 2007 sums up present day knowledge on climate change. For a low emissions scenario (B1) the best estimate is that temperatures will rise by 1,8°C (the likely range is 1.1 to 2.9°C) compared to the year 2000 to the end of the century, and for a high emission scenario (A1F1) the corresponding value is 4°C (the likely range is 2,4 to 6.4°C). Warming is expected to be greatest over land and at most high northern latitudes and least over the Southern Ocean and parts of the Northern Atlantic. Snow cover is projected to further decrease and permafrost to thaw to even greater depths. Sea ice shrinks in both the Arctic and the Antarctic under all scenarios. In some scenarios late arctic summers are projected to be free of sea ice towards the end of the 21st century. It is very likely that the frequency of hot extremes, heat waves and heavy precipitation events will continue to increase. Tropical cyclones intensify with higher peak winds and more heavy precipitation in a range of models due to increase of sea surface temperatures. There is less confidence that their number will decrease. The track of extra-tropical storms are projected to move northwards with consequences for wind, precipitation and temperature distributions over Europe. Precipitation is very likely to increase in high-latitudes of the northern hemisphere and likely to decrease in the subtropics, continuing observed patterns in recent trends. It is very unlikely that the thermo-haline circulation will undergo an abrupt transition in this century, though it is very likely that the northward transport of warm surface waters in the Atlantic will slow down considerably.

Sea level rise is at present estimated to reach 18 to 59 cm by the end of the century, depending on the scenario, but dynamical processes related to ice flow not included in current models but suggested by recent observations could increase the vulnerability of ice sheets to warming, increasing future sea level rise. If the Greenland Ice Sheet were eventually completely eliminated the resulting contribution to sea level rise would be about 7 m.

Even if green house gas concentrations were stabilized in the atmosphere, global warming would continue for centuries beyond the 21st century due to the timescales of the processes involved and the resulting inertia of the climate system.

Presently the highest uncertainties regarding the future climate are due to the wide range of possible developments on the socio-economic side. They are taken account of by the definition of consistent future scenarios that form the basis for the inputs into the GCM runs and contain predictions of the world population as well as technological and economic developments. This sensitivity to socio-economic developments that makes the future so uncertain however also holds a promise: humanity can shape it future climate by its actions.

Although climate change must be considered as an over riding problem of the present and future, it must not be overlooked that it is not the only aspect of global change requiring attention. Especially the growing scarcity of oil is likely to interact with mitigation and adaptation aspects of climate change.
Head, Section Plant Ecology, Institute of Botany, University of Basel Abstract
Mountains and settlements, traffic routs and technical infrastructure are only as safe and stable as is the sloppy terrain around them.

Slopes are only stable to the extent their green cover is, and a functionally diverse, intact vegetation is the only safeguard of soils on slopes. This is the context any global change issue has to be viewed at. To narrow 'global change' into a global warming issue, neglects the actual driving forces of ecosystem integrity and ecosystem functioning at high elevation. Major actors are land use, the forcing by extreme events, hydrological implications, with mean temperature per se, playing a relatively minor role. Once the peculiarities of microhabitat diversity and thus actual life conditions of high altitude biota are acknowledged the mega trends of climatic change appear in a different light. I will illustrate the mosaics of alpine life, discuss likely impacts of all major drivers of global change and the implications of sustainable land use in particular. I will advocate a less alarmist viewing at the biological changes to be anticipated, for the sake of sustained credibility by the broader public.
Professorin, Institut für Landschaftsentwicklung, Erholungs- und Naturschutzplanung (ILEN), Universität für Bodenkultur Wien Abstract
Recreation and tourism are important for the economy in many mountainous areas in Europe. Especially in winter the mountains offer attractive opportunities for winter sport activities. Austria's winter tourism is highly linked with winter sport activities. With more than 57 Mio. overnight stays, winter sport tourism is an important economic factor. On the other hand the revenues in winter sport tourism are highly temporarily and spatially concentrated. The number of overnight stays in the alpine area is already stagnating.
In the last 20 years, many destinations focused their tourism business mainly on the winter season. For these destinations climate change has negative effects on snow security and snow cover.
Climate change and its possible consequences for winter vacation destinations constitute a new and complex challenge to several natural and social sciences, and in particular tourism research. The actual affects of climate change, as well as its perception and presentation by the media, by politics and society at large influences entrepreneurial decisions and the development of a region. So far, literature on the topic of winter sport and global warming is scarce, and occasionally contains ill-defined or even rather unlikely projections. For that reason, a transdisciplinary inventory and analyses provides the foundation for the ultimate goal of a research project within the Austrian research programme proVision to develop strategies focusing on the sustainable spatial development of tourisms regions under the influence of global warming (see project STRATEGE: www.Klimawandel-Wintersport.at).

To investigate the possible consequences for mountainous areas, three web-based surveys - two on down-hill skiing and one on cross-country-skiing - were conducted. Overall about 4600 respondents have been involved. The studies are all based on stated choice surveys.

It can be shown that the main motives for both groups are the physical activity and the experience of snow in winter. The cross-country skiers are more attracted by nature and show a significant reaction on crowded slopes. All winter sport enthusiasts are already sensitive towards climate change. Very sensitive are male and high educated respondents. The results show furthermore the tendency to book winter sport holidays quite late.
The majority of ski-enthusiasts would choose a more snow secure destination in higher altitudes in the future. However, by increasing the attractiveness of the destination with several extra offers, like spa-facilities and childcare, a significant proportion of respondents (up to 40 %, depending on circumstances) would remain in the lower destinations.
The result allows to model the economic impact based on locally adapted data on climate change and the different results of our market research. The model takes the different sensitivity of the different tourist types into account.
Against this background, adaptation strategies for winter sport destinations and possible consequences for the regional development will be discussed. Such as
- measures to ensure winter tourism in the future using technical snow; ski areas in higher altitudes and new cooperation in order to distribute financial risks and benefits,
- substitutes in the winter season like the improvement of services, new wellness and spa-facilities, indoor sport or other snow-independent attractions;
- development of an all year round tourism, enhancing the summer tourism and developing new alternatives for sport and recreation.
The studies show that the technical snow is not appreciated by the respondents but tolerated to ensure sufficient snow conditions for winter sport activities. Marketing strategies should forbear from using the artificial snow to advertise a winter sport destination in the future. Furthermore the results demonstrate that only tourists with a higher income are more likely to accept any substitutes. For tourists interested in winter sport there is no substitute for pure snow conditions.
The results underline the necessity to enhance the summer tourism and to develop new concepts as well as a new destination branding and marketing for many of the Austrian winter sport destinations: 70 % of the overnight accommodations are in areas
under an altitude of 1.000 m.
President, Inuit Circumpolar Council (Canada); Vice President, Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami (ITK), Inuvik Abstract
Inuit are one people (about 155,000 in total) living in four countries (Russia, USA, Canada, Greenland/Denmark). Established in 1977, the Inuit Circumpolar Council (ICC) is the vehicle Inuit use to express issues of importance to Inuit internationally. The organization holds ECOSOC Consultative Status II at the United Nations, is a member of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues and is a Permanent Participant to the Arctic Council. Inuit not only occupy the Arctic region -- we are Arctic resource users, consumers and stewards. Protecting the Arctic environment and the health of Inuit has always been a key goal of our organization. Advocating on behalf of Inuit on issues relating to climate change, contaminants, resource exploration and extraction, transportation, military interests, sovereignty, wildlife and biodiversity are but a few of the issues that have been a focus of our work. (see http://www.inuitcircumpolar.com).

ICC is a very small organization. To be effective we have to focus on priorities, act strategically and develop partnerships that will ensure common goals and objectives are met. Decisions regarding our changing Arctic are to big -- the solutions too complicated for one peoples or one organization  we must seek innovative partnerships with other aboriginal organizations, scientists, industry and governments.

In the 1970s and early to mid 1980s the Arctic was frozen in the ideological rigidity of the cold war. Inuit from Chukotka were not allowed by the Government of the Soviet Union to visit North America. Two empty chairs at our meetings symbolized their absence. Political change domestically and internationally quickened in the 1980s and 1990s and in 2000 and beyond the circumpolar Arctic seems now to be emerging as an informal "geopolitical region." This could have far reaching implications for our region bridges North America, Europe and Asia.

The Polar Regions, much like the Alps and mountain ranges of the world, are changing at rates never experienced before in recorded or geologic history. The glaciers in the Canadian Rockies are melting so fast that their lifespan is now measured in years. Similar effects in the Alps have raised the issue of the sustainability of the ski and tourism industries. In the Arctic the ice cap is melting, the sea level is rising and the permafrost is melting. The climate is no longer predicable and the effects of these changes are being reported in wildlife and human populations. The much acclaimed Arctic Climate Impacts Assessment (ACIA) prepared under the auspices of the Arctic Council and released in 2005 was prepared by more than 250 scientists from 15 countries, this is the world s most comprehensive and detailed regional assessment of climate change, and it incorporates Inuit traditional knowledge.

The key findings of the assessment are very stark and worrying. As a result of projected depletion of Summer sea ice, the assessment says:

1. Marine species dependent on sea ice, including polar bears, ice-living seals, walrus, and some marine birds are very likely to decline, with some facing extinction; and
2. For Inuit, warming is likely to disrupt or even destroy their hunting and food-sharing culture as reduced sea ice causes the animals on which they depend to decline, become less accessible and possibly go extinct.
Couple this with the recent releases (2007) of the IPCC working groups reports and we must correct technical predications as the speed of the change is more rapid than predicted even in 2005.

The effects climate change in the Arctic and in the Alps and mountain ranges share many similar socio-cultural and economic pressures and as such need to share and learn from each others experience in order to mitigate and adapt to the environmental changes projected in the next decade and beyond. We also must be innovative in our politics, governance, research and development to ensure cooperation on matters of common interest. Working internationally is important for the Arctic is no longer isolated. Key environmental, conservation, and economic development issues that affect day to day life in Inuit communities have, in part, to be addressed internationally as well as domestically.

Inuit look to the coming years with great optimism. A variety of geopolitical avenues may be used to advance common goals. The Norwegian Chairmanship of the Arctic Council will usher in a new era of Arctic co-operation; the International Polar Year is upon us, ArcticNet is proving it s value not only within Canada, but also within the global community, and the time is now for a new vision of Arctic research to emerge. Inuit are also looking toward the Northern Forum, the Barents  Euro Council, the EU and many other for a in a spirit of coorperation.

Mr. Smith, President of the Inuit Circumpolar Council Canada will present the Arctic experience of a changing climate and the challenges and opportunities these change pose for governance, risk management and decision-making. As an active hunter and politician in a region of Arctic Canada rich in wildlife and natural resources, a potential shipping route from Europe to Asia, and the very sovereignty of our nation -- decisions must be made to protect the fragile and vulnerable ecosystem that sustains his people while preparing for the future in what may be a very different Arctic landscape.

Inuit have faced many challenges in their history and will indeed meet the current challenges with resilience, fortitude and innovation.
Professor of Environmental Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, Göteborg University Abstract
In this presentation I will start by a quick overview of the issue of discounting since this dominates the debate concerning for instance the Stern Review on Climate change. Having shown why I think there is a strong economic motivation for an aggressive climate policy, I will discuss the design of appropriate policy instruments focussing on tradeable permits and taxes.

The Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change has had a major influence on the policy discussion on climate change. One reason for this is that the report has raised the estimated cost of unmitigated climate damages by an order of magnitude compared to most earlier estimates, leading to a call for strong and urgent action on climate change. Not surpsisingly, severe criticism has been levied against the report by authors who mean that these results hinge mainly on the use of a discount rate that is too low. I will discuss the Ramsey rule for the discount rates and its implications for the economics of climate change. While I find no strong objections to the discounting assumptions adopted in the Stern Review, my main point is that the conclusions reached in the Stern review can be justified on other grounds than by using a low discount rate. I will argue that nonmarket damages from climate change are probably underestimated and that future scarcities that will be induced by the changing composition of the economy and climate change should lead to rising relative prices for certain goods and services, raising the estimated damage of climate change and counteracting the effect of discounting. This analysis builds on earlier research (Hoel & Sterner, 2007) that has shown that the Ramsey discounting formula is somewhat modified in a two-sector economy with differential growth rates. Most importantly, such a model is characterised by changing relative prices, something that has major implications for a correct valuation of future climate damages. I will show how these results can be introduced into a modified version of the DICE model (Nordhaus, 1994) to show that taking relative prices into account can have as large an effect on economically warranted abatement levels as can a low discount rate.

In the second part of my talk I will discuss the menu of available policy instruments and some rules for instrument design and selection. I will particularly focus on the allocation of permits in trading schemes and the design of fuel taxes. When it comes to permit allocation I will compare auctioning to various kinds of allocation of free permit, pointing to some of the pitfalls for the European ETS scheme.

In the final part of my lecture I will show that fuel taxes serve a very important role for the environment and that we risk a backlash of increased emissions if they are abolished. Fuel taxes have restrained growth in fuel demand and associated carbon emissions. Although fuel demand is large and growing, our analysis shows that it would have been much higher in the absence of domestic fuel taxes. People often assert that fuel demand is inelastic but there is strong research evidence showing the opposite. The price elasticity is in fact quite high but only in the long-run: in the short run it may be quite inelastic which has important implications for policy makers. Had Europe not followed a policy of high fuel taxation but had low US taxes, then fuel demand would have been twice as large. Hypothetical transport demand in the whole OECD area is calculated for various tax scenarios and the results show that fuel taxes are the single most powerful climate policy instrument implemented to date - yet this fact is not usually given due attention in the debate.
Österreichische Delegierte zum EU-Rahmenprogramm "Umweltforschung", Bundesministerium für Wissenschaft und Forschung, Wien Chair
Head, Department II.4a - Ecology, Resource Management and Sustainability, Federal Ministry of Science and Research, Vienna Coordination

Dr. Dieter GERTEN

Senior Researcher, Abteilung Globaler Wandel und Natürliche Systeme, Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung (PIK), Potsdam

1996 Diplom, Angewandte Physische Geographie, Universität Trier
1997-1998 Freiberuflicher wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter, Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung
1998-2001 Promotion in Limnologie, Institut für Gewässerökologie und Binnenfischerei Berlin, Universität Potsdam
seit 2001 Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter (Globale Hydrologie und Biosphäre), Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung

Dr. Helga KROMP-KOLB

Leiterin, Institut für Meteorologie, Universität für Bodenkultur Wien

1971-1995 Universität Wien, Inst. f. Meteorologie und Geophysik (Universitätsassistentin)
1982 Habilitation an der Univ. Wien
1985-1986 San Jose State University California (Guest Associate Prof.)
1995-2003 BOKU Wien, Inst. f. Meteorologie und Physik (Univ.-Prof.; wiederholt Institutsvorstand)
2003-2006 BOKU Senatsvorsitz
seit 2004 BOKU Wien, Inst. f. Meteorologie (Univ.-Prof. und Institutsleitung)

Dr. Christian KÖRNER

Head, Section Plant Ecology, Institute of Botany, University of Basel

 Graduated with a Ph.D. in plant sciences at the University of Innsbruck. His major research fields are alpine ecology, forest ecology and comparative plant ecology of biomes worldwide. He represents a process oriented, functional approach to ecology which aims at deciphering the mechanisms by which plants master their environmental challenges. After years of research in the Alps, the Caucasus and Sweden, and overseas works (e.g. Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea, Argentina) Christian Körner was appointed to a chair in plant sciences at the University of Basel, Switzerland in 1989. In a number of experimental works he explored the above tasks in the context of rising atmospheric CO2 concentrations and biodiversity. Körner published over 250 articles in international journals, edited several books and became known for his standard textbook 'Alpine Plant Life' (Springer). He is editor in chief of Oecologia, worked on editorial boards of high profile journals such as Science and chaired the Swiss climate research forum Proclim for several years. Since 2000, he directs GMBA, the global mountain biodiversity assessment of DIVERSITAS. Körner is a member of several academies of science (e.g. the Austrian and the German Leopoldina), was plenary speaker at large international conferences and most recently was a guest professor at Yale University.

Dr. Ulrike PRÖBSTL

Professorin, Institut für Landschaftsentwicklung, Erholungs- und Naturschutzplanung (ILEN), Universität für Bodenkultur Wien

1997-1984 Studium an der TU München Abschluss Dipl.-Ing (Univ.)
1988 Dissertation Dr. rer. Silv. an der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München im Bereich Waldsterben und Tourismus
1989-2007 Leitung des Planungs- und Beratungsbüros AGL- Arbeitsgruppe für Landnutzungsplanung, Polling
2000 Habiliation zum Dr.agr.habil. An der TU München im Themenbereich Wintertourismus und Umweltauswirkungen
  Erholung und Tourismus.
2003 Berufung an die Universität für Bodenkultur auf die neu geschaffene Professur für Landschaftsentwicklung

Duane SMITH

President, Inuit Circumpolar Council (Canada); Vice President, Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami (ITK), Inuvik

 He was elected President of ICC Canada in June 2002. As President of ICC Canada, Mr. Smith also became Vice-President of Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami. Duane has been involved with ICC Canada since 1998. Born and raised in Inuvik, NWT, Mr. Smith continues his close attachment to the land. He has represented the Inuvialuit nationally & internationally for many years as a member (11yrs) and Chair (6yrs) of the Inuvialuit Game Council on sustainable resource management & indigenous rights. As chair, his achievements include the official signing of the Inuvialuit - Inupiat International Beluga Management Agreement involving the Inupiaq of Alaska and the Inuvialuit of northwest Canada, and a revised agreement on polar bear management between the same two parties. These have been officially recognized by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service and Department of Fisheries & Oceans.
 Mr. Smith is an adamant advocate for indigenous rights, their relationship to the environment as well as their traditional knowledge and insights indigenous people can provide. He also has over 18 years of experience with the regions' government in conservation and resource management.
 In addition to being an executive member to the ICC from Canada, Mr. Smith is a former co-chair of the World Conservation Union (IUCN) Arctic Specialist group Sustainable Use Initiative. He presently sits on a multi-year, Canada led international research body coordinating and documenting data on the arctic through traditional knowledge and western science. Additionally, Mr. Smith is a member of the National Steering Committee for the Canadian IPY.

Ph.D. Thomas STERNER

Professor of Environmental Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, Göteborg University

1969 A levels in Physics, Chemistry Mathematics in UK
1976 MA in economics
1986 Ph.D.
1990 University Lecturer
1996 Professor

Dr. MBA Irene GABRIEL

Österreichische Delegierte zum EU-Rahmenprogramm "Umweltforschung", Bundesministerium für Wissenschaft und Forschung, Wien

1984 Doktoratsstudium der Biologie
1992 Masters of Business Administration (ASU).
  Arizona State University, USA
1985-1993 Visiting Scientist und Faculty Research Assoc. Am Center for Environmental Studies der
1993-1994 Acting Dean der International Graduate School of Business in Freiburg im Breisgau, Deutschland
  Umweltforschung/Schwerpunkte: Nachhaltigkeitsforschung und Klimaforschung
seit 1994 Bundesministerium für Wissenschaft und Forschung, stellvertretende Abteilungsleitung; internationale
1999-2002 Nationale Expertin bei der Europäischen Kommission, DG Forschung

Technology Forum

show timetable

23.08.2007

10:00 - 23:00Presentation of the three Christian Doppler Laboratories concerning allergiesCulture
10:00 - 12:00Technology brunch hosted by Tiroler ZukunftsstiftungSocial
13:00 - 13:20Welcome addressPlenary
13:20 - 14:00OpeningPlenary
14:00 - 16:00Global warmingPlenary
16:30 - 18:15The frontiers of science [in cooperation with the Institute of Science and Technology Austria]Plenary
20:00 - 21:30Looking insidePlenary
21:30 - 23:30Reception hosted by Alcatel-Lucent AustriaSocial

24.08.2007

09:00 - 18:00Junior Alpbach - Science and technology for young peopleBreakout
09:00 - 14:30Working Group 01: The risk and the new - 'risk governance'Breakout
09:00 - 14:30Working Group 02: The changing industrial landscape  challenges, opportunities, strategiesBreakout
09:00 - 14:30Working Group 03: Climate change and risk governance - the role of research, science and innovationBreakout
09:00 - 14:30Working Group 05: New initiatives and models of the 7th EU Framework Programme on Research to enhance European competitiveness - European technology platforms from the Austrian and the European points of viewBreakout
09:00 - 14:30Working Group 05: The end of IT-innovation - the growth opportunity for Europe?Breakout
09:00 - 14:30Working Group 06: The impact of climate change on mobility - challenges for infrastructure and private transportBreakout
09:00 - 14:30Working Group 07: Design by nature - nature's contribution to industrial progressBreakout
09:00 - 14:30Working Group 08: Smart WellbeingBreakout
09:00 - 14:30Working Group 09: The five sensesBreakout
09:00 - 14:30Working Group 10: Technology transfer in European regionsBreakout
09:00 - 14:30Working Group 11: The phenomenon of Second Life - the creation of a new world?Breakout
09:00 - 18:00Ö1 Children's University Alpbach - Science and technology for kidsBreakout
09:30 - 15:30Special event: Bulgaria and Romania as partners in EUropean science and researchBreakout
15:00 - 16:30Regions and global competitionPlenary
16:30 - 18:00The future - dream or realityPlenary
18:30 - 20:00The five sensesPlenary
20:00 - 23:30Reception hosted by the Province of Lower AustriaSocial

25.08.2007

09:00 - 10:00What changed?Plenary
10:00 - 11:00SecurityPlenary
11:30 - 12:00Junior Alpbach and Ö1 Children's University Alpbach 2007Plenary
12:00 - 13:00Science & technology, entrepreneurship & societyPlenary
13:00 - 13:20A look back and a view aheadPlenary
13:20 - 14:30Reception hosted by Microsoft AustriaSocial