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04: The Efficiency of RTI Investments

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Hauptschule
Breakout / Working Group
english language

Due to ever scarcer national budgets the discussion about evaluating research inputs to measure output efficiency is intensifying. The resources allocated for R&D increasingly have to be connected to measurable effects and performances. In addition, public subsidies have to be legitimised through economic returns higher than those of other potential recipient projects. Research has to face this challenge as well. In times when rankings become more and more important this poses the question of how research can be evaluated meaningfully and how input and output can be compared in a useful way.

Speakers

Deputy Director-General for Framework Programme: Policy and Management, Directorate-General for Research & Innovation, European Commission, Brussels
Head, Department Country Innovation Policy Reviews, Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation, OECD - Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris
Director, WPZ - Economic Policy Center, and Professor for Public Economics, University of St.Gallen
Program Director, Science of Science and Innovation Policy, National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA
Member of the Austrian National Council, Green Party; Chair, Parliamentary Committee on Research, Innovation and Technology, Vienna Abstract
In political discussion, one of the most important aims is the development of the economy and the creation of jobs. A strong and robust middle class is not only the pillar of our economy, but also the stabilizing element of a democratic society. It is generally accepted that research and innovation are the main drivers of development and economic growth.

One of the important tasks of an innovation system is finding and creating modern, progressive solutions for the major challenges facing humanity. We need investments in research and innovation to meet the challenges of climate change, energy and food security and demographic changes as well as medical care.

The dynamic in countries like China, India and Singapore is impressive - and that extends to research and development as well. To keep up, the European countries, and particularly Austria, have to step up their speed and sharpen their focus to improve and boost their innovation systems and to shape an innovation-friendly climate.

The prerequisites for a more favourable, stronger R&D environment in Austria are: courage and power to focus money on the main issues, boosting of higher education, improved conditions for young scientists and researchers, increased research funding, extension of international cooperation, a more open-minded society, increased awareness of R&D, greater support of entrepreneurial spirit and public demand as drivers of innovation. Structural reforms are likewise necessary, e.g. realizing tax reforms and reforming the retirement system.

As a consequence of the crisis beginning in the year 2008, the European countries have to cope with debt. One of the most hotly discussed issues is how to use public funds. Public subsidies have to be legitimised through economic returns. In truth, however, it isn t possible to measure every impact in economic terms. It is also helpful and necessary to use structural indicators like energy-intensity, youth education level, retirement age and CO2 emissions in determining whether a policy is successful.
Yes, there are several difficulties in using indicators. But indicators also provide valuable support in policy-making. After all, an indicator is a tool that helps us to understand where we are, where we are going and how far we are from our destination.
Management Consultant; Member, Austrian Council for Research and Technology Development, Vienna Chair
Adviser, Austrian Council for Research and Technology Development, Vienna Coordination

Dr. Wolfgang BURTSCHER

Deputy Director-General for Framework Programme: Policy and Management, Directorate-General for Research & Innovation, European Commission, Brussels

 Wolfgang Burtscher was appointed Deputy Director-General for Research and Innovation on 22 July 2009 and is responsible for the policy and management of the Research Framework Programme.In this capacity he is also closely involved in the elaboration of the future EU funding programmes for research and innovation.
 An Austrian national, Mr Burtscher is 51 years old and acted before joining DG Research and Innovation as a Director in DG Agriculture of the European Commission since 2000. Before joining the Commission in 2000 Mr Burtscher was representative of the Länder at the Austrian Permanent Representation to the EU. From 1992 to 1996 he was Director of European Affairs in the Vorarlberg administration. Previously, from 1990 to 1992, he was a legal advisor at the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) in Geneva, at the time of negotiations on the European Economic Area (EEA). From 1993-1990 Wolfgang Burtscher was a researcher in the area of public international law and European integration at the University of Innsbruck. Wolfgang Burtscher holds a doctorate in law (Univeristy of Innsbruck) and also has a qualification from the Institut Européen des Hautes Etudes Internationales in Nice.

Mag. Gernot HUTSCHENREITER

Head, Department Country Innovation Policy Reviews, Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation, OECD - Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris

 Trained as an economist at the University of Vienna Gernot Hutschenreiter joined the Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO) in 1989. From 1998 to 2002 he served as Deputy Director of WIFO. At the international level he has worked as a consultant for a number of organisations such as UNIDO, the OECD and the European Commission. He was a guest research scholar with the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) and visiting scholar at the Graduate School of Decision Science at the Tokyo Institute of Technology. In 2003 he joined the Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in Paris as a Senior Economist. He has managed and contributed to a series of innovation policy reviews of OECD and Non-OECD countries, including the first OECD Review of China s innovation policy.

Dr. Christian KEUSCHNIGG

Director, WPZ - Economic Policy Center, and Professor for Public Economics, University of St.Gallen

1987 Doktor rer.soc.oec. (Ph.D. in Economics), Leopold-Franzens-Universität Innsbruck
1995 Venia Docendi, Economic Policy and Public Finance, University of Vienna
1997-2001 Professor of Public Economics, University of Saarland; Director of European Institute, Economics, University of Saarland
since 2001 Professor of Public Economics and Director of FGN-HSG, University of St. Gallen
2012-2014 Director, Institute of Advanced Studies, Vienna
since 2015 Director, Wirtschaftspolitisches Zentrum, St. Gallen

Dr. Julia I. LANE

Program Director, Science of Science and Innovation Policy, National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA

1982 1983 Assistant Professor of Economics, Western Illinois University
1984 1990 Assistant and Associate Professor of Economics, University of Louisville
1990 2001 Assistant, Associate and Full Professor of Economics, American University
1996 1997 Private Sector Development, World Bank (on sabbatical)
2000 2004 Director, Employment Dynamics Program and Principal Research Associate, The Urban Institute
2004 2005 Program Director, Economics, National Science Foundation
2005 2008 Senior Vice President and Director, Economics, Labor, and Population, NORC at the University of Chicago
since 2008 Program Director, Science of Science and Innovation Policy, National Science Foundation

Dr. Ruperta LICHTENECKER

Member of the Austrian National Council, Green Party; Chair, Parliamentary Committee on Research, Innovation and Technology, Vienna

 Studium der Volkswirtschaftslehre
seit 1990 Ökonomin und Wissenschafterin u.a. am Institut für Volkswirtschaftslehre an der Johannes Kepler Universität Linz
seit 1993 Universitätslektorin für Volkswirtschaftslehre, Johannes Kepler Universität Linz
2003-2006 Bundesrätin der Grünen
  Vorsitzende des Ausschusses für Forschung, Innovation u. Technologie im Parlament
  Wirtschafts- und Forschungssprecherin der Grünen
seit 2006 Abgeordnete zum Nationalrat

Mag. Dr. Karin SCHAUPP

Management Consultant; Member, Austrian Council for Research and Technology Development, Vienna

  Hochschulassistentin am Institut für Pharmazeutische Chemie, Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz
1978 Promotion zum Dr. Phil. am Institut für Pharmazeutische Chemie, Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz
1980 Leiterin der Analytischen Abteilung und Qualitätskontrolle, Firma Leopold Pharma
1985 Leitung der Forschung und Entwicklung, Firma Leopold Pharma
1987 Leitung der Forschungsaktivitäten, Knoll Hospitalgruppe
1992 Forschungsleitung für definierte Konzernproduktbereiche, Fresenius AG
1997 Geschäftsführerin der Fresenius Kabi Austria und Übernahme der gewerberechtlichen Geschäftsführung
1999 Regionalleiterin für Österreich/Südost Europa für den Produktbereich Parenterale und Enterale Ernährung
2000 Ernennung zum Mitglied des Vorstandes der Fresenius Kabi AG, Bad Homburg
2003 Unternehmensberaterin mit Schwerpunkt strategische Unternehmensentwicklung, Innovationsmanagement und Technologietransfer, Organisationsstrukturen, Merger und Akquisition

Technology Forum

show timetable

25.08.2011

10:00 - 12:30Technology Brunch Hosted by Tiroler ZukunftsstiftungSocial
13:00 - 13:10Welcome statementPlenary
13:10 - 13:30Opening of the Alpbach Technology Forum 2011Plenary
13:30 - 14:15Opening SpeechesPlenary
14:15 - 15:40New Ways of InnovationPlenary
16:00 - 16:50The Cancer Genome: Challenge and PromisePlenary
16:50 - 17:45CybercrimePlenary
20:00 - 21:30The City of the Future - Demographics and SustainabilityPlenary
21:30 - 23:30Career Lounge - Evening Event with a Buffet Dinner for Students, Graduate Scientists and Young Professionals Hosted by the Organisers of the Alpbach Technology ForumSocial
21:30 - 23:30Evening Reception Hosted by Forschung AustriaSocial

26.08.2011

09:00 - 18:00Junior Alpbach - Science and Technology for Young PeopleBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 01: The Future of High-Tech Production in EuropeBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 02: The Future of Urban MobilityBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 03: Pre-Commercial Procurement (PCP): An Instrument for Creating InnovationBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 04: The Efficiency of RTI InvestmentsBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 05: Urban Europe, Urban Technologies - The City in the 21st CenturyBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 06: Food Security and Distributive JusticeBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 07: Research Promotion Followed by Financial Bottleneck?Breakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 08: Research in the Classroom: New Ways of Learning in Natural SciencesBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 09: Simple - Functional - Trendy? Technological Solutions for Old and YoungBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 10: IT - Challenging the Present, Defining the Future!Breakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 11: The Digital City of TomorrowBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 12: Design Thinking and Open Innovation - The Customer is KingBreakout
09:00 - 15:00Ö1 Children's University Alpbach - Science and Technology for KidsBreakout
09:45 - 15:00Special Event: New Ways of Internationalisation? European Strategies for the Globalisation of Research and InnovationBreakout
16:00 - 17:45Natural Science Education for Future GenerationsPlenary
18:15 - 19:30Frontier Technologies - A Gateway to the Future in cooperation with the European Research CouncilPlenary

27.08.2011

09:30 - 11:00International Year of ChemistryPlenary
11:20 - 12:10The Future of the InternetPlenary
12:10 - 13:05The Physics of SuperheroesPlenary
13:05 - 13:15Closing StatementPlenary
13:15 - 14:00Snack ReceptionSocial