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08: European strategies for international research cooperation

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Alpbacher Hauptschule
Breakout / Working Group
english language

Private and public actors in the field of science and technology have developed different strategies to meet the challenges of international competition. It is mainly through international cooperation and joint programmes that responses can be found to some of the challenges of globalisation which cannot be tackled by individual countries acting alone. On the other hand international research cooperations are often a result of foreign policy issues and national priorities.
These and other changes, as e.g. recent developments in the university sector, urge for the development of strategic instruments and the most effective funding schemes to optimize the conditions for innovative research that will be discussed in this working group.

Speakers

Austrian Ambassador to the United Kingdom, London
Director, IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria; Professor, Wageningen University, Netherlands Abstract
 The world's present development path is not sustainable. Efforts to meet the needs of a growing population in an interconnected but unequal and human-dominated world are undermining the Earth's essential life support systems. The extraordinary complexity of the challenges that lie ahead is suggested by today's emerging interactions among global environmental changes and the profound transformations underway in social and economic life. These include such diverse alterations of the earth as climate warming, land transformation, and loss of biological diversity, together with social transitions including a population that is growing more slowly, while aging and urbanizing; an economy that is globalizing while increasing both wealth and inequality in the face of persisting poverty; and a system of resource utilization that in the energy, manufacturing, and agricultural sectors is making more with less even as it increases its overall demands on the earth to unprecedented levels.
A significant response to this challenge from the scientific community has begun to emerge from various global and regional programs of environmental research, from the World's Scientific Academies (including individual reports from the African, Brazilian, and United States academies), and from independent networks of scholars and scientists. Above all, a response has begun to emerge from science itself and the growing recognition across many disciplines of the need for synthesis and integration, needs that are being reflected in many new multidisciplinary research efforts and institutions.
These various scientific efforts to promote the goals of a sustainability transition, meeting human needs while preserving the life support systems of the earth need solid cross disciplinary and intercultural research efforts.

Although the goals for this transition are thus very clear, the European research organizations at large (universities, academies, institutes) are mostly organized in disciplines and within western cultures. New and difficult steps need to be taken that on the one hand guarantee scientific quality and on the other hand promote interdisciplinary work. A European Research Council will need to create solid opportunities for this type of research not restricting its funding to European researchers, but allowing cross cultural collaboration.
Honorarprofessor für Europäische und Internationale Forschungs- und Technologiekooperation, Technische Universität Wien
Head, Department Country Innovation Policy Reviews, Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation, OECD - Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris Abstract
Internationalisation of R&D  Current Trends and Issues

Recent trends in and drivers of the contemporary process of internationalisation of R&D are given high attention in current OECD work. Improved measurement and analysis is required to arrive at a better understanding of this process. Evidence indicates that at present the internationalisation of R&D is both gaining momentum and undergoing a change in patterns. It poses new challenges and creates new opportunities for practically all countries and regions of the world. While today the internationalisation of R&D is to a significant extent driven by the corporate strategies of multinational enterprises, governments have a role in shaping this process. Policy makers at different levels of government are confronted with the challenges and opportunities of internationalisation. Major policy issues arising in this context include, among others, the attractiveness of specific locations for inward foreign investment in R&D and the mobility of science and technology personnel. Science and technology policy  as well as other policies that have an impact on the localisation of R&D activities  can contribute to successfully mastering the internationalisation of R&D. The international framework is important in rendering the internationalisation of R&D beneficial to a wide range of countries and stakeholders. International co-operation, including co-operation at the European level can play a major role in shaping the process of internationalisation of R&D.
Chief Counsellor for Advanced Technologies, National Office for Research and Technology (NKTH), Budapest
Research Manager, VTT Technology Studies Abstract
Internationalization of R&D - Perspectives from a Small Developed Open Economy

 Globalization refers to different aspects and dimensions of global development - to global trade of products and raw-materials, diffusion of information through Internet or ICT based media, global climate problems or diseases like HIV or malaria, and to activities of international organizations and agreements promoting global political or human problem solving. Different aspects of globalization are intertwined and science and technology play an important role from different aspects. Science and technology are inherently global public goods benefiting human welfare and offering innovative solutions for global problems. Current trends of globalization open new perspectives and challenges for European science and technology. Enterprises internationalize their activities including R&D, global mobility of scientists and the utilization of their expertise independently of location expands world-wide, the role of big developing economies such as China and India is growing in terms of science and technology, etc. Apart from affordable cost level and large markets these countries absorb FDI due also to increasingly attractive R&D. All these trends challenge the competitive ability and innovation policies of the US, Japan, and particularly the European Union planning at becoming world s most competitive and dynamic knowledge based economy till 2010. With this background the presentation considers current forms and experiences of R&D internationalization in enterprises, impacts of R&D internationalization on innovation systems and its implications on national and EU s supranational innovation policies. In particular the globalization challenges enterprises, industrial innovation and related policies of small open knowledge based economies of the EU, such as Austria and Finland. Consequently the address makes references to the experiences, developments and strategy of Finland. Among various research material the paper builds on the conference on the internationalization of R&D organized by Six Countries Programme in Helsinki, Finland, June 2004.
Member, Austrian Council for Research and Technology Development; Chair, ERA Council Forum Austria, Vienna Abstract
I will elaborate on recommendations that EURAB has recently made on cooperation with third countries (i.e. non-EU member states or states not associated with the FPs). They are based on the following assumptions: International S&T cooperation is of mutual benefit for both the EU and its cooperating partners from third countries. It should be an integral part of FP7. Cooperation with third countries is not an aid but must be viewed as a good investment. The activities planned with different countries and regions should, however, be differentiated according to their thematic and instrumental aspects, and depend on the comparative advantage or need.
Deputy Head, Department C1.12, Federal Ministry of Economy, Family and Youth, Vienna
Head, Department III/I 2 - Research and Technology Funding, Federal Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology, Vienna
Head of Unit, Co-operation with Central East and Southeast European Countries, Federal Ministry of Education and Research, FR of Germany
Director of Directorate N International Scientific Cooperation, European Commission, DG Research Abstract
European strategies on International Scientific Cooperation in general, and those of the Commission in particular, should be based on a coherent global approach. The EU strategy should have as its natural platform the relevant international cooperation activities to be developed in the various areas of the Framework Programme. The basic criteria for such activities must remain shared interest and mutual benefit.

International S/T cooperation , as perceived by the European Community, should target, amongst others, the following objectives:
- Apply S/T cooperation as an instrument to reinforce scientific relations with third countries (amongst others via S/T Agreements or general cooperation Agreements) and thus to globally strengthen the Community s external relations policy.
- Reinforce and broaden European Competitiveness on the basis of creating strategic partnerships with third countries in selected thematic areas, including the international mobility of scientists.
- Address common problems that are faced by third country partners, often on the basis of an appropriate multilateral approach.

The various partnerships (policy and substance) need to be developed on the basis of geographical dimensions of a differing nature:
+) Candidate Countries and other Neighbourhood Countries (including West Balkans and Mediterranean Partner Countries)
+) Russia and the other countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia (formerly: NIS)
+) Industrialized Countries (e.g. United States, Canada, Japan, Korea)
+) Emerging Economies (e.g. China, India, Brazil, etc)
+) Developing Countries (Africa, Asia, Latin America, etc)
+) International Organizations where S/T related activities are often related to a multilateral dimension (UNESCO, FAO, OECD, WHO etc).

The ways and means of providing substance to these partnerships is based on the following considerations:
- The general "openness" of the Framework Programme foreseen for third countries.
- Launching specific international S/T cooperation activities in the Thematic Programmes, including contributions to multilateral initiatives such as the Human Frontier Science Programme, the Intelligent Manufacturing Systems Initiative, Global Climate Change, etc.
- Work packages dealing with capacity building (for instance for the Candidate Countries) or Action Plans such as the one for the Western Balkans, for Russia or for the Barcelona Process concerning the Mediterranean region).
- Policy dialogues, both bilateral and bi-regional, to define a shared vision on S/T cooperation.

Any (EU) international scientific cooperation policy should not be prescriptive towards the Member States but should provide an acceptable coordination mechanism allowing for a joint implementation by both the Commission and the Member States in a flexible and voluntary way.
Senior adviser and programme coordinator, The Research Council of Norway, Oslo
Ehemals stellvertretende Sektionsleiterin sowie Leiterin, Abteilung II.6 - Internationale Forschungskooperationen, Bundesministerium für Wissenschaft und Forschung, Wien Chair
Director General for Scientific Research and International Relations, Austrian Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy, Vienna Chair
Head, Department II/6 - International Research Cooperation, Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy, Vienna Coordination

Mag. Dr. Emil BRIX

Austrian Ambassador to the United Kingdom, London

1975-1979 Studium der Geschichte und Anglistik, Universität Wien
1979-1980 Forschungsprojekt "Soziale und kulturelle Konflikte in der Donaumonarchie"
seit 1982 Österreichischer Diplomatischer Dienst
1982-1984 Bundesgeschäftsführer des Management Clubs des Österreichischen Wirtschaftsbundes
1984-1986 Klubsekretär im Parlamentsklub der Österreichischen Volkspartei
1986-1989 Leiter des Ministerbüros im Bundesministerium für Wissenschaft und Forschung
1990-1995 Generalkonsul der Republik Österreich in Krakau/Polen
1995-1999 Direktor des Österreichischen Kulturinstitutes in London
2000-2003 Leiter der Abteilung "Durchführung kultureller und wissenschaftlicher Veranstaltungen im Ausland" (Gesandter) in der Kulturpolitischen Sektion des Bundesministeriums für auswärtige Angelegenheiten
2002-2010 Botschafts Leiter der Kulturpolitische Sektion im Bundesministerium für europäische und internationale Angelegenheiten
2007, 2008 Präsident von EUNIC (European Union National Institutes of Culture)
seit 2010 Botschafter der Republik Österreich im Vereinigten Königreich Großbritannien und Nordirland

Dr. Leen HORDIJK

Director, IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria; Professor, Wageningen University, Netherlands

 Doctor in Econometrics, Amsterdam, Netherlands
 Leader, Acid Rain Projects, IIASA, Austria
 Head of Laboratory, RIVM, Netherlands
 Professor, Environmental Systems Analysis, Wageningen, Netherlands
 Director, Wageningen Institute for Environment and Climate Research, Netherlands

Dipl.-Ing. Dr.h.c. Manfred HORVAT

Honorarprofessor für Europäische und Internationale Forschungs- und Technologiekooperation, Technische Universität Wien

 Studium des Maschinenbaus an der TU Wien
1969-1972 Internationaler Forschungskonsulent im Bereich Luft- und Raumfahrt
1972-1980 Universitätsassistent für Strömungslehre an der TU Wien
1975-2001 Universitätslektor, TU Wien und Universität Linz
  Kooperation Wissenschaft-Wirtschaft sowie für internationale Forschungs- und Bildungsprogramme)
1980-1993 Leiter des Außeninstitutes der TU Wien (erste österreichische universitäre Einrichtung für Weiterbildung,
seit 1981 Koordinator, Conference of Rectors and Presidents of European Universities of Technology
1992-1994 Kellogg Visiting Fellow, University of Oxford, UK
1993-2004 Direktor, Büro für Internationale Forschungs- und Technologiekooperation (BIT)
 Mitglied und Vorsitzender verschiedener Programm- und Evaluationsausschüsse im Bereich Forschung und
 technologische Entwicklung bei der Europäischen Kommission; z.B. 2006 Chairman, ERA-NET Expert Review Group
seit 1995 Durchführung gezielter Aktionen und Projekte zur Stärkung der Europäischen Forschungs- und Technologiekooperation mit Mittel- und Osteuropa
  Forschungs- und Technologiekooperation
seit 2000 Koordinator verschiedener Initiativen und Projekte zur Integration der Westbalkanländer in die Europäische
  Technische Universität Wien
seit 2001 Honorarprofessor für Internationale und Europäische Forschungs- und Technologiekooperation,
2001-2005 Mitglied, Wissenschafts- und Forschungsrat des Landes Salzburg
  Forschungsförderungsgesellschaft (FFG)
2004-2006 Direktor des Bereiches Europäische und Internationale Programme (EIP), Österreichische
seit 2006 Rapporteur, External Advisory Group "Research Potential", Europ. Kommission
  und für International R&D Policy, Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Innovation und Technologie
seit 2006 Senior Advisor für Internationale Forschungskooperation, Bundesministerium für Bildung, Wissenschaft und Kultur
2007 Mitglied, Expert Groups zum Green Paper "European Research Area", Europäische Kommission

Mag. Gernot HUTSCHENREITER

Head, Department Country Innovation Policy Reviews, Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation, OECD - Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris

 Trained as an economist at the University of Vienna Gernot Hutschenreiter joined the Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO) in 1989. From 1998 to 2002 he served as Deputy Director of WIFO. At the international level he has worked as a consultant for a number of organisations such as UNIDO, the OECD and the European Commission. He was a guest research scholar with the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) and visiting scholar at the Graduate School of Decision Science at the Tokyo Institute of Technology. In 2003 he joined the Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in Paris as a Senior Economist. He has managed and contributed to a series of innovation policy reviews of OECD and Non-OECD countries, including the first OECD Review of China s innovation policy.

PhD Béla KARDON

Chief Counsellor for Advanced Technologies, National Office for Research and Technology (NKTH), Budapest

1989-1990 Research Fellow, GATE FIZT
1990-1995 Lecturer, GATE FIZT
  Gödöllö University (GATE), Hungary
1995-1997 Assistant Professor at the Department for Physics & Process Control (FIZT) of the
1997-2001 Attaché for Science & Technology in Bonn
2001-2002 Director for Attachés & Information, OM
2002-2004 Director for International Bilateral R&D Co-operation in the Ministry for Education (OM)
since 2004 Director for Advanced Technologies in the National Office for Research & Technology (NKTH)

M.Sc. Torsti LOIKKANEN

Research Manager, VTT Technology Studies

1982-1986 Researcher on environmental economics, The Ministry of The Environment
  (in liaison of The Ministry of The Environment)
1986-1987 Secretary General, National Committee of Environmental Economics, appointed by Government of Finland
1987-1992 Senior Planning Officer and Office Manager, Planning Group of VTT Management Staff
1992-1993 Visiting Scholar, Roskilde University, Denmark
1993 Visiting Scholar, TNO Centre for Technology and Policy Studies, The Netherlands
1993-1997 Senior Planning Officer, Planning Group of VTT Management Staff
1997-2001 Group Manager of VTT Industrial Environmental Economics
since 2001 Research Manager of VTT Technology Studies

Dr. Ph.D. Helga NOWOTNY

Member, Austrian Council for Research and Technology Development; Chair, ERA Council Forum Austria, Vienna

1959 Doctorate in Jurisprudence, University of Vienna
1969 Ph.D. in Sociology, Columbia University, New York
  Teaching and Research Positions at the Institute for Advanced Study, Vienna; King's College, Cambridge; University of Bielefeld; Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin; Ecole des Hautes Etudes and Sciences Sociales, Paris; Science Center for Social Sciences, Berlin; Collegium Budapest
1996-2002 Professor of Philosophy and Science and Technology Studies, ETH Zurich
1998-2004 Director, "Collegium Helveticum", ETH Zurich
2001-2006 Chair, EURAB - European Research Advisory Board of the European Commission
2002-2004 Director, Branco Weiss Fellowship Programme "Society in Science"
2005-2011 Chair, Scientific Advisory Board of the University of Vienna
2007-2010 Vice-President ERC - European Research Council
  Professor em., Science and Technology Studies, ETH Zurich
2010-2013 President, ERC - European Research Council

Mag. Georg PANHOLZER

Deputy Head, Department C1.12, Federal Ministry of Economy, Family and Youth, Vienna

 Vienna University of Business Administration and Economics (branch: International Business Administration)
  Tertiary Economy"
1994 Graduation, Master Thesis: "The Sanctions of the US against Panama; A Case Study: Sanctions against a
  programme to the "Community Initiative for Small and Medium Enterprises" (Structural Funds)
1994-1996 Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs: Division for Small and Medium Enterprises: Project leader of national
since 1996 Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Labour, Division for International Technology and Innovation
1996-2002 National Delegate/National Expert in INCO-Committee of EU- Framework Programme for FTD (DG Research)
2000-2002 National Delegate to the eContent Programme of the EU (DG INFSO)
  with Central and Eastern Europe)
since 2002 Project leader for the programme STRAPAMO (Formation of Strategic S&T-Partnerships
  Central and Eastern Europe), with the programme CIR-CE (Co-operation in Innovation and Research with
  Central and Eastern Europe) as the central element
since 2004 Project leader for the programme "Technology Initiative Internationalization East" (Technology initiative towards
  ERA-Net
2004 Traineeship in European Commission/DG Research Unit B2 - "Coordination of National Research Policies"/

Mag. Dr. phil. Rupert PICHLER

Head, Department III/I 2 - Research and Technology Funding, Federal Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology, Vienna

 Studies in modern and economic history at the Universities of Innsbruck and Thübingen
 Post graduate terms at Milan and the University of Minnesota
1992-1996 Researcher at the Austrian Academy of Sciences
since 1996 Officer at the Federal Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology

Mrin Irene RÜDE

Head of Unit, Co-operation with Central East and Southeast European Countries, Federal Ministry of Education and Research, FR of Germany

 Studies of Law, 1+2. State Examination (Qualification to exercise the functions of a Judge, Berlin), Political Sciences, Economics, Social Sciences
 Head of the Law Firm Martin Hirsch, after he had been elected judge to the Federal Constitutional Court
 Legal Expert in the Geman Bundestag; Science Manager in Ministers Cabinets and the major divisions of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research
 Foreign missions, e. g. as legal expert in the Corporacion Andina de Fomento, Caracas, as science counselor at the German Embassy in Washington DC, USA

Dr. András SIEGLER

Director of Directorate N International Scientific Cooperation, European Commission, DG Research

1975-1996 Vice Director of the Computer and Automation Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (MTA SZTAKI).
1996-2005 Deputy state secretary for Research and Technological development, Advisor to the state secretary in charge of R&D of the Ministry of Education, vice president of OMFB. Responsibilities: Managing the international policy of the government relating to science and technology (S&T); Representing the Hungarian government in the S&T field at the negotiations on EU-accession and managing the preparations of for the European integration of S&T; Representing Hungary in the research and technological development policy organisations and programs of the EU, NATO and OECD. Running the negotiations with Brussels on the Hungarian participation in the continuous RTD Framework Programmes of the EU. Managing the domestic support of the Hungarian participation.

Inger-Ann ULSTEIN

Senior adviser and programme coordinator, The Research Council of Norway, Oslo

 Present: The Research Council of Norway, Division for Strategic priorities
 Former:
 Research Park, University of Oslo
 The Norwegian Ministry of Science and Higher education/Research Department
 University of Oslo

Dr. Anneliese STOKLASKA

Ehemals stellvertretende Sektionsleiterin sowie Leiterin, Abteilung II.6 - Internationale Forschungskooperationen, Bundesministerium für Wissenschaft und Forschung, Wien

1970-1971 Austrian newspaper "Kurier"
1971-1991 Administrative Assistant, Vienna University of Technology
1984 Ph.D. Degree, Medieval History, University of Vienna
1991 Department for International Research Co-operation, Austrian Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Culture
1994-2011 Head, Department for International Research Co-operation, Austrian Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Culture
2009-2011 Deputy Director General, Austrian Federal Ministry of Science and Research

Mag. MA Barbara WEITGRUBER

Director General for Scientific Research and International Relations, Austrian Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy, Vienna

1985 Translator's diploma in English, Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz
1986 Certificate in Mass Media, Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz
1986-1987 MA in Communications, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
1986-1987 Fulbright Grantee and Teaching Assistant, Department of Communications and Theatre, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
1987-1993 Founding Staff Member, Director, Office for International Relations, Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz
1989 Master Degree in English/American and Interdisciplinary Studies, Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz
1990-1991 and 1993-1994 Lecturer for Media and Intercultural Issues, Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz
1993-1994 Director, Office for European Educational Co-operation, Austrian Academic Exchange Service, Vienna
1994-2001 Director, International Relations/Higher Education, Austrian Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Culture
1994-2002 Lecturer for EU Education Policy, Donau-Universität Krems
2001-2002 Deputy Director General for Higher Education, Austrian Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Culture
2003-2004 Director General for Scientific Research and International Relations, Austrian Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Culture
2005-2010 Senior Advisor for Strategy and Coordination in the field of international relations with special consideration for the interface Science - Research - Education, Austrian Federal Ministry of Science and Research
since 2010 Director General for Scientific Research and International Relations, Austrian Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy

Technology Forum

show timetable

25.08.2005

10:00 - 12:00Technology brunch sponsored by Tiroler ZukunftsstiftungSocial
13:00 - 14:00OpeningPlenary
14:00 - 15:30Our futurePlenary
16:00 - 18:00Location of science and research - a global shift?Plenary
20:00 - 21:00SecurityPlenary
21:30 - 23:45Evening reception sponsored by Alcatel AustriaSocial

26.08.-27.08.2005

Junior AlpbachBreakout

26.08.2005

09:00 - 15:00Working Group 01: Technology and location strategies for enterprisesBreakout
09:00 - 15:00Working Group 02: Electronic carBreakout
09:00 - 15:00Working Group 03: Science of everyday productsBreakout
09:00 - 15:00Working Group 04: Security of energy supplyBreakout
09:00 - 15:00Working Group 05: NanotechnologyBreakout
09:00 - 15:00Working Group 06: From scientific journal to breaking news: science and the mediaBreakout
09:00 - 15:00Working Group 07: Fuel cells and hydrogen - the future of transport?Breakout
09:00 - 15:00Working Group 08: European strategies for international research cooperationBreakout
09:00 - 15:00Working Group 09: Excellence - a question of genderBreakout
09:00 - 15:00Working Group 10: Converging technologiesBreakout
16:00 - 16:45University/industry interaction - The Atlantic picturePlenary
16:45 - 17:30University/industry interaction - The Austrian solutionPlenary
17:30 - 18:00University/industry interaction - Political ConclusionsPlenary
18:00 - 20:00Reception sponsored by Province of Lower AustriaSocial
20:00 - 21:00The science of saving VenicePlenary

27.08.2005

09:00 - 10:30Politics and SciencePlenary
10:30 - 11:30Science at the cutting edgePlenary
12:00 - 12:15Alpbach 2005 - Resumée Junior AlpbachPlenary
12:15 - 13:00Reflections and PerspectivesPlenary
13:00 - 14:30Farewell reception sponsored by Microsoft AustriaSocial