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The Future of European Integration

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Erwin-Schrödinger-Saal
Plenary / Panel
German and English language

Speakers

Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, Prishtina
Chairman, Centre for Liberal Strategies, Sofia
Co-President, European Alternatives, London Abstract
Which kind of Europe do the Member States and their governments want and which kind of Europe do we need in order to deal with current problems?

We should ask what kind of Europe do citizens want? In order to “deal” with a financial crisis which has been turned into a debt crisis through lack of European solidarity and treason of politicians and governments dating well before 2008, democracy has effectively been suspended in many member states of the EU. In the EU as a whole economic decision-making has become so far detached from the interests of citizens that it is plain to the whole world that the EU is a technocratic structure obeying an irrational “logic” of the financial markets without either the political intelligence or popular support to break out of the cycle. We are facing what can arguably be characterised as a kind of ‘revolution from above’, an unprecedented scenario in modern society where the very basis of bourgeois democracy - ‘no taxation without representation’ – is being strongly undermined and the mass of citizens of Europe are placed in a permanent state of emergency.

Beyond technical fixes to the European economy, there is a much more important and far-reaching question about the place of the citizen in Europe. Revolt is spreading, and can be expected to grow louder given current policies. The crucial question is whether we will have the intelligence, humility and solidarity to work with citizens to create a new European institutional structure which is genuinely democratic, or whether the elites in Europe will continue to try to ignore or control the citizens, risking a significant rise in nationalism, populism and xenophobia, and a repeat of Europe’s nightmares.
Member of the Bureau, Group of the European People's Party (Christian Democrats), European Parliament, Brussels
Former Prime Minister of Romania, Bucharest Abstract
Which kind of Europe do the Member States and their governments want and which kind of Europe do we need in order to deal with current problems?

The general economic and political situation in Europe looks nowadays different from what the EU was like in 2005. National and global economic crises have to be dealt with in a climate of likely uncontrolled changes, encompassing each and every socio-economic and cultural subdivision a society is composed of. Political challenges are, therefore, sundry and seem to further split nations and groups of nations along cultural lines of division. What we can see is a re-enactment of historical rifts, aggravated and deepened on economic reasons. Democracy itself and democratic representation have been put under serious questioning.

Is there a solution to what looks like a return to pre-war political isolation and parochialism? Presumably the enforcement of new rules addressing the need to further enhance integration at all costs. What member states have been lately embarking themselves up in Brussels is hyper-regulation. More Europe seems to be the solution rhetorically preferred by national governments, but does it raise itself to the expectations of the regular European citizens, who tend to be less and less attached to the idea of Europe?

Many analysts speak of the European Union institutions and leaders loosing legitimacy. I believe it is a false problem. Legitimacy comes by votes. It is the political and economic predictability that counts. The EU looks as if she has no resources to impose it on the general EU agenda. It does not mean less Europe; it means more integrated Europe.
Professor of European Youth Policy, Faculty of Business and Society, University of South Wales, Pontypridd Abstract
Since Jacques Delors' statement twenty years ago that we have to "give a soul to Europe", the extent of European 'integration' has ebbed and flowed with critical developments roughly every five years - the question of 'citizenship', the implications of 9/11 and a European youth White Paper, the initial success of the single currency, and then the 'crisis'. Beyond the triple track shaping of 'Europe' (Euro17, EU27 and Council of Europe47), three issues have contributed significantly to its current integration but could also bring about its disintegration - mobility, faith and generation.
Vorsitzender, IDM - Institut für den Donauraum und Mitteleuropa, Wien Chair

Dr. Enver HOXHAJ

Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, Prishtina

 Enver Hoxhaj studied at the Vienna University from 1994 to 2000, where he received his PhD in History, while also serving as Fellow at Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Human Rights. Since then he was as Associate Professor at the Department of Political Science, University of Vienna. From 2003 to 2004 he has been visiting Research Fellow of the London School of Economics, Centre for Study of the Global Governance. His publications on Southeast European subjects include studies and papers on history and politics of ethnic conflicts, nationalism, human rights violations, international intervention and governance, which have been published in different western journals and books.
 Currently Enver Hoxhaj is the Minister of Education, Science and Technology of the Republic of Kosova and a Member of the Assembly of Kosova.

Ivan KRASTEV

Chairman, Centre for Liberal Strategies, Sofia

since 1994 Charman, Centre for Liberal Strategies, Sofia
2004-2006 Executive Director, International Commission on the Balkans (chair: former Italian Prime Minister Giuliano Amato)
2005-2011 Editor-in-Chief of the Bulgarian Edition of Foreign Policy
2005-2011 Member, Council of the International Institute for Strategic Studies, London
since 2010 Permanent Fellow, IWM - Institute of Human Sciences, Vienna

Niccolo MILANESE

Co-President, European Alternatives, London

2002-2005 MA Philosophy St John's College, Cambridge UK
2005-2007 Senior Editor, The Liberal Magazine, UK
since 2007 Founder and Co-President of European Alternatives
2007-2009 MPhil Etudes Politiques, EHESS Paris, France
since 2011 Lead Trainer, YAANI - Young Arab Analysts Network International Network of Policy Analysts, British Council Morocco
since 2012 Elected Board Member, Cultural Innovators Network

Doris PACK

Member of the Bureau, Group of the European People's Party (Christian Democrats), European Parliament, Brussels

 Lehrerin an Grund- und Hauptschule
bis 1965 Studium der Pädagogik
1983-85 Rektorin im saarländischen Kultusministerium
1969-76 Gemeinde- u. Stadträtin in Bübingen und Saarbrücken
1974-83 und
1985-89 Bundestagsabgeordnete (CDU/CSU)
1981-83 und
 Ehrenmitglied der Parlamentarischen Versammlung des Europarates
 Funktionen im Europäischen Parlament:
1985-89 Mitglied der Parlamentarischen Versammlung des Europarates und der WEU
  Mitglied, Fraktionsvorstand der EVP im EP
  Stellvertretende Vorsitzende, CDU/CSU-Gruppe, EVP-Fraktion
  Vorsitzende, Ausschuss für Kultur, Jugend, Bildung, Medien und Sport
  Stellvertretendes Mitglied, Ausschuss für Auswärtige Angelegenheiten, Sicherheit und Verteidigung
  Mitglied, Südosteuropa-Delegation des Europäischen Parlaments
seit 1989 Europaabgeordnete (EVP/ED-Fraktion)

Dr. Mihai-Razvan UNGUREANU

Former Prime Minister of Romania, Bucharest

1992-2006 Assistant Professor, Reader and Maître de conférences in Modern Romanian History, Faculty of History, "Al.I. Cuza", University of Iasi
1998-2001 State Secretary with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Romania, Bucharest
2001-2003 Director General - Regional Envoy of the Stability Pact for South-Eastern Europe
2001-2003 Deputy Coordinator for the South-East European Cooperation Initiative (SECI), Vienna
2004-2007 Minister of Foreign Affairs of Romania
since 2007 University Professor, Romanian History, Faculty of History, University of Bucharest
2007-2012 Director, Foreign Intelligence Service of Romania
2012 Prime Minister of Romania

B.Sc. Ph.D Howard WILLIAMSON

Professor of European Youth Policy, Faculty of Business and Society, University of South Wales, Pontypridd

1978-1979 Research Officer, University College, Cardiff
1979-1983 Research Officer, University of Oxford
1985-2003 Senior Youth Worker, St. Francis Youth and Community Centre, Birmingham
2001-2002 Guest Professor, Copenhagen University, Copenhagen
1983-2004 Research Fellow / Senior Research Fellow, Cardiff University, Cardiff
since 2004 Professor of European Youth Policy, University of South Wales, Pontypridd
since 2010 Affiliate Professor of Youth and Community Studies, University of Malta
2014 Visiting Professor, Chinese Youth University for Political Sciences, Beijing

Dr. Erhard BUSEK

Vorsitzender, IDM - Institut für den Donauraum und Mitteleuropa, Wien

1959-1963 Studium an der Universität Wien, Juridische Fakultät
1964-1968 Parlamentssekretär im Österreichischen Nationalrat
1966-1969 Vorsitzender des Österreichischen Bundesjugendringes
1972-1976 Generalsekretär des Österreichischen Wirtschaftsbundes
1975-1976 Generalsekretär der Österreichischen Volkspartei
1976-1978 Stadtrat in Wien
1976-1989 Landesparteiobmann der Wiener Volkspartei
1978-1987 Landeshauptmann-Stellvertreter und Vizebürgermeister von Wien
1989-1994 Bundesminister für Wissenschaft und Forschung
1994-1995 Bundesminister für Unterricht und kulturelle Angelegenheiten
1991-1995 Vizekanzler der Republik Österreich und Bundesparteiobmann der Österreichischen Volkspartei
2000-2001 Regierungsbeauftragter der österreichischen Bundesregierung für EU-Erweiterungsfragen
2002-2008 Sonderkoordinator des Stabilitätspaktes für Südosteuropa
2004-2005 Vizepräsident des Vienna Economic Forums (VEF)
2008-2009 Berater des Außenministers der Tschechischen Regierung in Fragen des westlichen Balkans während der EU-Präsidentschaft 1. Hälfte 2009
2000-2012 Präsident des Europäischen Forums Alpbach
 
 Aktuelle Funktionen:
2005-2014 Vorsitzender der ERSTE Stiftung
seit 1995 Vorsitzender des Instituts für den Donauraum und Mitteleuropa (IDM)
seit 1996 Koordinator der Southeast European Cooperative Initiative (SECI)
seit 2005 Präsident des Vienna Economic Forums (VEF)
seit 2008 Vorsitzender des Universitätsrates, Medizinische Universität Wien
seit 2008 Jean Monnet Chair ad personam
seit 2009 Präsident des Herbert-Batliner-Europainstituts
seit 2010 Präsident des EU-Russia Centre

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