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Euro-atlantic relations

Plenary / Panel
english language


Chair and Marshall Plan Professor of History; Director, Center Austria, University of New Orleans Abstract
Transatlantic relations have always been a contested arena. During the Cold War most countries of Western Europe entered into a close security arrangement with the U.S. in the struggle against communism. This made the U.S. a quasi-hegemonic power in Europe just like the Soviet Union was in its Eastern European sphere of influence. Both parts of Europe were grating under this hegemony -- Western Europe's was largely voluntary, Eastern Europe's coerced. With the end of the Cold War this security architecture was radically revised as most of the new Eastern European democracies entered NATO and are building strong ties with the U.S. In the case of the Czech Republic and Poland,s these security arrangment even seem to outpace the traditionally strong ties with the U.S. of older NATO partners. Meanwhile much of Western Europe has become a continent of peace and since World War II has abjured military means to solve international conflicts while the U.S. militarization and its military interventionism is continuing unabated. These different approaches to the use of military power on both sides of the Atlantic may well be the greatest challenge for transatlantic comity.EUrope is trying to shape its own common foreign and security policies, thereby contesting the hegemony the U.S. built on the continent in the Cold War era. Meanwhile the challenge of the new Asian powers will force the U.S. and Europe to work together and mend their differences across the Atlantic. These seachanges in geopolitics are at the heart of the future of the transatlantic relationship much more so than the aberrant policies of George W. Bush.
Senior Fellow, Center for Transatlantic Relations, SAIS - School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University; Senior Advisor, McLarty Associates, Washington, D.C. Abstract
Although widespread European popular distrust of, and antipathy toward the Bush administration remains, relations at the governmental level between European countries and the U.S. have improved markedly since their low point in 2003. Either a McCain, or especially an Obama presidency, holds the potential for further improvement. A changed American policy on combating global warming should drain some of the poison out of the relationship, as will a more multilateral style in Washington. Nonetheless, the U.S. will expect increased support from its European allies and friends -- on Afghanistan, in frustrating Iran s nuclear ambitions, and in the wake of the war in Georgia, in dealing with an aggressive Russia.
Permanent Representative of the United States to the United Nations, New York
Permanent Representative of Germany to the United Nations, New York Abstract
Relations between the U.S., Europe and Russia have reached a crucial moment: We presently face a number of challenges  the contentious issues range from missile defence and NATO enlargement to Kosovo.Fortunately, the situation also presents opportunities: Both President Medwedew and the new U.S. President  whoever it will be  are met with high hopes in Europe, but  what is often neglected  they will have expectations addressed at the Europeans as well. How should Europe react? Will we be able to embrace the chance and strengthen our role as a strong and reliable partner for both Russia and the U.S. and as a bridge-builder between West and East?
Senator, Parliament of the Czech Republic, Prague Abstract
There is no plan B for a functional transatlantic relationship  not a single problem in the world can be solved if Europe and USA are at odds. For our future it is crucial that Europe senses itself as part of the transatlantic synthesis. Not as a competitor or alternative center of power, rather as an equal partner  political, military and economic. It is equally crucial that US remain engaged with Europe and does not fall into the trap of the  Chinese threat .
Since the end of the cold war, Europe and USA have been searching a new definition of their relationship. Today, with a new leadership in Germany, France and soon in the US, we are entering a phase of political conjuncture of new atlanticism. Defining the strategy of transatlantic relations for the next decade will therefore belong to the key priorities of the Czech EU Presidency in 2009.
Managing Director for Europe and Central Asia, EEAS - European External Action Service, Brussels Chair

Dr. Günter BISCHOF

Chair and Marshall Plan Professor of History; Director, Center Austria, University of New Orleans

1980 University of New Orleans, M.A.
1982 University of Innsbruck, Mag. Phil.
1983 Harvard University, M.A.
 Marshall Plan Professor of History; Director, Center Austria, University of New Orleans
 Gastprofessor an der Universität München, Leopold-Franzens-Universität Innsbruck, Paris-Lodron-Universität Salzburg, Universität Wien, Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien
1989 Harvard University, Ph.D.

Ph.D. M.A. B.A. Michael HALTZEL

Senior Fellow, Center for Transatlantic Relations, SAIS - School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University; Senior Advisor, McLarty Associates, Washington, D.C.

1969-1971 Tutor and Teaching Fellow, Harvard University, Massachusetts
1971-1975 Assistant Professor of History, Hamilton College, New York
1975-1978 Deputy Director, Aspen Institute Berlin
1982-1984 Vice President for Academic Affairs, Longwood College, Virginia
1984-1985 Senior Vice President, International Management and Development Institute, Washington, D.C.
1985-1992 Director, West European Studies, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington, D.C.
1990 Member of the U.S. delegation to the Copenhagen CSCE Conference
1991 Guest Professor at the Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, Ebenhausen
1992-1994 Chief, European Division, Library of Congress
1994-2005 Democratic Staff Director for European Affairs, U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee and Senior Advisor to U.S. Vice President (then-Senator) Joseph R. Biden, Jr.
1993, 2000, 2006 Member of the U.S. delegation to the Wehrkunde Security Conference, Munich
2000 Speech at Assemblée Nationale, Paris
2004 Member of the U.S. delegation to the inauguration of Boris Tadic as President of Serbia
2004 Speech at Deutscher Bundestag, Berlin
2005 Speech at NATO Parliamentary Assembly, Copenhagen
2005-2006 Senior Foreign Policy Advisor and Principal, DLA Piper Rudnick Gray Cary U.S. LLP
since 2006 Senior Fellow, Center for Transatlantic Relations, School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, Washington, D.C.
since 2007 Senior Advisor, McLarty Associates (formerly Kissinger McLarty Associates), Washington, D.C.
2009 Speech at OSCE Permanent Council, Vienna
2009 Head of the U.S. Delegation to the 2009 OSCE Human Dimension Implementation Meeting in Warsaw
2010 Head of the U.S. Delegation to the OSCE 20th Anniversary Conference in Copenhagen

Dr. Zalmay Mamozy KHALILZAD

Permanent Representative of the United States to the United Nations, New York

1979-1986 Assistant Professor of Political Science at Columbia University
1985-1989 Special Advisor to the Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs working on policy issues, advising on the Iran-Iraq war and the Soviet war in Afghanistan, Department of State
1989-1991 Senior political scientist at RAND and associate professor at the University of California at San Diego
1991-1992 Assistant Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Policy Planning, Department of Defense
1993-1999 Director of the Strategy, Doctrine and Force Structure program for RAND's Project Air Force, founded the Center for Middle Eastern Studies
  Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Southwest Asia, Near East, and North African Affairs, National Security Council
  Special Presidential Envoy at Large for the Free Iraqis
  Headed Bush-Cheney transition team for the Department of Defense Counselor to Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld
1999-2003 Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Islamic Outreach and Southwest Asia Initiatives, National Security Council
2003-2005 United States Ambassador to Afghanistan and Special Presidential Envoy to Afghanistan
2005-2007 United States Ambassador to Iraq
since 2007 United States Permanent Representative to the United Nations


Permanent Representative of Germany to the United Nations, New York

1967-1969 National Service
1969-1972 Studied Law and History at the Universities of Bonn and Paris
1973 First State Examination in Law
1973-1975 Judge's Assistant; Assistant Lecturer, University of Bonn
1975-1977 German Foreign Office, Bonn
1977-1980 German Embassy, London
1980-1983 Federal Chancellery, European Affairs
1983-1986 German Embassy, New Delhi
1986-1988 German Embassy, Lisbon
1988-1992 German Foreign Office, Bonn
1992-1993 Head of the Minister's Office, Foreign Office, Bonn
1993-1994 Chief of Cabinet of the Minister, Foreign Office, Bonn
1994-1999 Deputy Chief of Mission, German Embassy, Washington, D.C.
1999-2002 Director-General, Political Department, Foreign Office, Berlin
2002-2006 German Ambassador London
since 2006 Permanent Representative of Germany to the United Nations, New York

Alexandr VONDRA

Senator, Parliament of the Czech Republic, Prague

 activities in democratic opposition, left the faculty and worked several years as the administrator of the Asian collection of Náprstek museum in the castle in Libchov
1979-1984 Geography at the Faculty of Natural Sciences of the Charles´ University, Prague
 published a samizdat magazine Revolver revue together with Jáchym Topol and Ivan Lamper
 since mid 1980s Contacts with dissidents in Hungary, Poland and Lithuania
1982-1986 Manager of the underground rock band Národní tYída, the members of which were young musicians, artists and writers;
1987 Became a member of Polish-Czechoslovak Solidarity and participated in meetings of representatives of Czechoslovak and Polish opposition in mountains on state borders and co-organized regular smuggling of literature, correspondence and technolology across border mountains.
 jailed for his activities in the prisons of Ruzyn and Pankrác
1989 Speaker of the Charta 77 and one of the authors of the petition, several sentences;
 Informa ní servis was established which later became Respekt weekly
1989 One of the founders of the Civic Forum, a political movement which lead the country to the first free elections
1990-1992 Foreign and political advisor to the President Václav Havel
1990 Initiated the meeting of intellectuals and top representatives of Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Poland in Bratislava which later lead to the establishment of Visegrád co-operation
 He lead the Czech team which divided Czechoslovak foreign service, he was the Czech negotiator during talks with Germany concerning joint declaration and started discussions concerning the accession of the R to the NATO.
1992-1997 First Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs
1997-2001 Czech Ambassador to the United States
2001-2002 Plenipotentiary of the Czech Government for the preparation of the Summit meeting of NATO in Prague
2003 Left diplomacy on his own decision
2004 Expert assistant of the German Marshall Fund of the U.S in Prague
 He also became one of the founders of a foreign-political think-tank PASS (Program of Atlantic Security Studies in Prague) and participated in the establishment of the discussion club Osma.
 In Ústí nad Labem he helped to establish Collegium Bohemicum, the institution which will help the City museum to study history and present of Czech-German relations.
2004-2006 Acting officer and consultant of international firm Dutko Worldwide, reads lectures on Euro-American relations at the New York University (NYU) in Prague, President of the Czech Euroatlantic Council
2006 Foreign Minister of the Czech Republic in the first government of Mr Mirek Topolanek
2007-2009 Deputy Prime Minister for European Affairs in the second government of Mr Mirek Topolanek
since 2009 Senator, Parliament of the Czech Republic, Prague


Managing Director for Europe and Central Asia, EEAS - European External Action Service, Brussels

1977 Diploma, Law Studies in Vienna
1977-1978 Postgraduate-Studies, College of Europe, Bruges
1978 Diploma of The Hague Academy of International Law, The Hague
1979 Joined the Austrian Diplomatic Service
1982-1986 Austrian Mission to the European Communities, Brussels
1986-1990 Austrian Embassy, Moscow
1991-1993 Private Office of the Austrian Foreign Minister, Vienna
1993-1995 Deputy Head of Cabinet of Foreign Ministers Mock and Schüssel, Vienna
1995-1999 Deputy Political Director and Director for Security Policy and Policy Planning, Austrian Foreign Ministry, Vienna
1999-2003 Ambassador of Austria to Belgium and Head of the Austrian Mission to NATO, Brussels
2002-2004 Special Representative of the Austrian Foreign Minister for the Western Balkans
2003-2004 Representative of the Chancellor in the Reform Commission of the Federal Army, Vienna
2003-2008 Political Director (Director General for Political Affairs) of the Austrian Foreign Ministry, Vienna
2008-2011 Permanent Representative of Austria to the United Nations, New York
2009-2010 Also represented Austria on the United Nations Security Council, New York
2011 Vice-President of the 66th General Assembly of the UN, New York
2011-2015 Ambassador, (Head of the Delegation) of the European Union to the United Nations, New York
 Visiting Professor, College of Europe, Bruges and Natolin
 Lecturer, Diplomatic Academy, Vienna
since 2015 Managing Director for Europe and Central Asia, European External Action Service, Brussels

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