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Global Commons – Fair Use and Implications for Security Policy

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Erwin-Schrödinger-Saal
Plenary / Panel
German and English language

Speakers

Federal Minister of Defence and Sports of the Republic of Austria, Vienna Key Note
Director for United Nations, International Organisations and Human Rights, Quai d'Orsay, Paris
Senior Scientist, The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies, The Hague Abstract
The theme of  global commons has become a (relatively) new preoccupation of the international security community. The battle lines are drawn between the usual camps:  realists argue that these ungoverned spaces will inevitably lead to conflict whereas  liberals argue that cooperative regimes can and should be developed for these spaces. This presentation will present a meta-analysis (and critique) of current thinking on this issue: how global commons are defined (increasingly broadly), what we know about the empirical record of the  tragedy of the commons and how the different camps are positioning themselves today. It will conclude with a reflection on what the post-industrial age might mean for the governance of these global spaces.
Editor-in-Chief, Russia in Global Affairs, Moscow Abstract
Globalization brings contradiction which is difficult to overcome conceptually, be it a  liberal or a  realist paradigm. There is the growing gap between the world economic system, which is becoming increasingly integrated and global, on the one hand, and the system of political relations, on the other. The latter is still based on national priorities and also shows signs the weakening influence of all inter- and supranational (to a greater degree) bodies in contrast to national sovereignties. The combination of economic interdependence and of the political and ideological incompatibility is getting quite commonplace. Realization that some of emerging global problems require really global action doesn t increase level of practical cooperation between states. Rather the opposite, we see collapse of Kyoto process which was designed to be a model for new approach to the Global Commons. States regain their key role, while international regimes wane.
Senior Associate, CSIS - Center for Strategic Studies, Washington, D.C. Abstract
In Juba, Southern Sudan, perhaps the most common vehicle on the crowded streets is a large, expensive 4x4 driven by an English-speaking local with the logo of a non-government organization. Inside it, there will be youngish persons without any strong professional qualifications (often indeed unemployable in their native countries) , who have nevertheless arrived to help the natives advance in whatever direction that particular NGO deems important --social, economic, political, sexual, artistic etc.
Under the slogan "The Global Commons " legitimacy is accorded to any form of intrusion --rarely without evil consequences. True, most NGOs are ineffectual, so the evil is confined to the removal of teachers etc (often 100% of the local English-speakers) from useful work to serve as interpreters, drivers and valets.
But in too many cases, NGOs do real harm. One current example is the suffering of unemployed ex-miners in eastern Congo who now have nothing to eat because of the import bans caused by NGO propaganda against "conflict minerals".
More commonly and more disastrously NGOs interfere with the only good purpose served by war , which is to bring peace by the exhaustion of the warriors and the dispersal of refugees. By feeding both they perpetuate conflict --Somalia docet .
As common is the economic damage caused by well-meaning, incompetent NGOs.
The democratic governance of NGOs is greatly overdue.
Director, Directorate for Security Policy, Austrian Federal Ministry of Defence and Sports, Vienna Chair

Mag. Norbert DARABOS

Federal Minister of Defence and Sports of the Republic of Austria, Vienna

1982-1988 Studium der Geschichte und Politikwissenschaft an der Universität Wien
1987 Zivildienst
seit 1987 Ortsparteivorsitzender der SPÖ Kroatisch Minihof
1987-2003 Mitglied des Gemeinderates von Nikitsch
seit 1998 Mitglied des Landesparteivorstandes der SPÖ Burgenland
1988-1991 Landesleiter des Dr.-Karl-Renner-Instituts Burgenland
1991-1998 Pressesprecher von Landeshauptmann Karl Stix
seit 1999 Bezirksparteivorsitzender-Stellvertreter der SPÖ Oberpullendorf
1998-2003 Landesgeschäftsführer der SPÖ Burgenland
1999-2004 Abgeordneter zum Burgenländischen Landtag
2000-2003 Klubvorsitzender des Landtagsklubs der SPÖ Burgenland
seit 2000 Mitglied des Bundesparteivorstandes der SPÖ
seit 2003 Bundesgeschäftsführer der SPÖ
2004-2007 Abgeordneter zum Nationalrat (SPÖ)
2007-2008 Bundesminister für Landesverteidigung
seit 2008 Bundesminister für Landesverteidigung und Sport

Nicolas DE RIVIERE

Director for United Nations, International Organisations and Human Rights, Quai d'Orsay, Paris

1992-1994 United Nations and International Organizations Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
1994-1997 First Secretary, Embassy of France in the Netherlands, The Hague
1997-2001 First Secretary, Embassy of France in the United States Washington
2001-2002 Vice-President of EADS Astrium
2002-2005 Counselor, Office of the Minister of Foreign Affairs
2005-2009 Political Counselor, Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations in New York
2009-2010 Deputy Permanent Representative, Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations in New York

C.Phil. Stephan DE SPIEGELEIRE

Senior Scientist, The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies, The Hague

1984 B.A. Stephan studied Slavic Philology , KU Leuven
1986/1987 Master's degrees, International Affairs, Graduate Institute for International Studies, Geneva; School for International and Public Affairs of Columbia University, New York
1988-1989 Member of the Defense Study Center, Koninklijk Hoger Instituut voor Defensie [Royal Defense College], Brussels, Belgium
1989-1993 Fellow at RAND Center for Russia and Eurasia, Santa Monica, California
1993 C.Phil, in Political Science, University of California in Los Angeles
1993-1996 Staff member, Department of International Relations - Eastern Europe and CIS, Head of Policy Analysis and Methodology Working Group, Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, Ebenhausen, Germany
1996-1999 Senior Research Fellow, with a focus on European defence issues and relations with Russia and Ukraine, Western European Union Institute for Security Studies, Paris, France
1999-2000 Associate Political Scientist, RAND, Santa Monica, CA, USA
2000-2005 Deputy Programme Director for Defence and Security, RAND, Leiden
  Main substantive focus - European defence transformation, Security foresight, Forward defence and security planning under uncertainty, NATO, ESDP/CFSP, Network-centrism
since 2005 Director Defence Transformation/Senior Scientist TNO Defence and Security, The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies, The Hague, The Netherlands
since 2006 Instructor, War and Diplomacy, Russian History, Security Policy Analysis, Webster University Leiden

Fyodor LUKYANOV

Editor-in-Chief, Russia in Global Affairs, Moscow

1990-2002 International Journalist, various Media Outlets
since 2002 Editor-in-Chief, Russia in Global Affairs, Moscow
since 2015 Research Professor, Higher School of Economics, School for World Politics and World Economy, Moscow
since 2015 Academic Director, Valdai International Discussion Club, Moscow

Dr. Edward N. LUTTWAK

Senior Associate, CSIS - Center for Strategic Studies, Washington, D.C.

 Edward N. Luttwak is Senior Associate, Center for Strategic and International Studies of Washington DC.; Chairman of AP Fleet, (aircraft leasing), Dublin, Ireland; operates a consultancy and is the founder and head of a conservation ranch in the Amazon.
 Has served/serves as a consultant to the US National Security Council, the White House Chief of Staff, the US Department of Defense, US Department of State, and several allied governments.
 Mr. Luttwak was born in Arad, Transylvania in 1942, attended schools in Sicily, Milano and England, then the London School of Economics (B.Sc.Econ) and Johns Hopkins University (Ph..D). LLD Honoris Causa University of Bath (UK).

Mag. Johann PUCHER

Director, Directorate for Security Policy, Austrian Federal Ministry of Defence and Sports, Vienna

1968-1971 Military Academy
1971-1972 2nd Lieutenant, Anti Aircraft Battalion
1972-1979 Armed Forces Sports School, Company Cdr, Special Forces
1974-1975 Desk Officer, UNFICYP - United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus
1979-1982 General Staff Officers' Course in Vienna
1982-1984 Office of Defence Policy, Ministry of Defence
1984-1985 Deputy Head, Arms Control Directorate, Ministry for Foreign Affairs
1986-1987 Deputy Chief of Staff, UNDOF - United Nations Disengagement Observer Force
1987-1991 Directorate for Training, Ministry of Defence
1989 Commanding Officer Infantry Regiment
1991-1994 Deputy Head, then Military Advisor to the Austrian OSCE Delegation, Directorate for International Relations, Ministry of Defence
1994-1995 Head of Section for Arms Control, PfP - Partnership for Peace issues, Department for International Security, Ministry of Defence
1995-1997 Head of project Austrian Stand by Forces, Austrian representative in the international project groups for SHIRBRIG (UN Stand-by High Readiness Brigade) and CENCOOP - Central European Cooperation in Peace-keeping, Coordinator for International Assistance, Ministry of Defence
1997-2000 Military Advisor, Prime Minister' s Office, Federal Chancellery
2000-2001 Security Policy Department, Federal Chancellery
2001-2002 Bureau for Security Studies, Ministry of Defence
2002-2004 Director of the RACVIAC - Regional Arms Control Verification Assistance Center in Zagreb
2003-2011 Member of the Board of Directors of the CISM - International Military Sports Council
2005-2006 Austrian EU presidency team with specific responsibility for the Western Balkans, Military Policy Division, Ministry of Defence
2006-2007 Coordinator Western Balkan issues, Ministry of Defence
since 2007 Defence Policy Director, Director of Directorate General for Security Policy

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