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09: Evolutionary theory – the next step in enlarging the modern synthesis. Integrating developmental effect with heredity and evolution

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Hauptschule
Seminar / Seminar
english language

The environment plays an active role in the construction of form and function during development. As such, it can play an important role in the production and inheritance of phenotypic variation. Three areas of this new approach to development and evolution will be discussed:
– Developmental plasticity, wherein signals from predators, diet, sunlight, and conspecifics can alter a developmental trajectory towards one of greater fitness. Models, such as genetic assimilation, predict that such environmentally induced changes can become fixed into the genome.
– Developmental symbiosis, wherein organisms co-develop and need the signals from another species in order to develop normal parts and bodily functions.
– Epigenetic inheritance, wherein environmentally induced conformational alterations to the chromatin (DNA methylation, histone acetylation) or to other cellular components can be stably inherited from one generation to the next.

In the seminar we will discus the evidence for these interactions, the relationships that these views have for redirecting our studies of evolution and development, and the possible medical and philosophical relevance of these views.

Speakers

Howard A. Schneiderman Professor of Biology, Department of Biology, Swarthmore College; Finland Distinguished Professor, University of Helsinki Chair
Professor of History and Philosophy of Biology and the Theory of Evolution, Cohn Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Ideas, Tel Aviv University Chair

Ph.D. Scott F. GILBERT

Howard A. Schneiderman Professor of Biology, Department of Biology, Swarthmore College; Finland Distinguished Professor, University of Helsinki

1971 BA, Wesleyan University, Connecticut
1976 MA, History of Biology, The Johns Hopkins University
1976 Ph.D., Biology, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland
1976-1980 Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Wisconsin
since 1980 Department of Biology, Swarthmore College
1983-1984 Associate Scientist, Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology
1987-1988 Associate Scientist, Thomas Jefferson University
1990-1991 Visiting Professor, University of Helsinki
since 2009 Finland Distinguished Professorship, University of Helsinki

Ph.D. Eva JABLONKA

Professor of History and Philosophy of Biology and the Theory of Evolution, Cohn Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Ideas, Tel Aviv University

 Fields of study: genetics, epigenetics, theoretical biology, evolutionary biology, behavioural ecology, history of philosophy
 Places of study: Beer Sheva University, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, London University
1976 B. SC. in Biology from Ben-Gurion University, Israel
1980 M.Sc. (with distinction) in Microbiology from Ben-Gurion University, Israel
1988 Ph.D. in Genetics from the Hebrew University, Jerusalem
1990-1993 Lecturer in the Cohn Institute, Tel-Aviv University
1993-2000 Senior Lecturer
1994-1995 Fellow of Collegium Budapest
1997-1998 Fellow of Institute for Advanced Studies, Berlin
since 2000 Associate Professor in the Cohn Institute, Tel-Aviv University
since 2000 Visiting scholar in the Museum of Vertebrale Ecology, Berkeley

Seminar Week

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kategorie: Alle PlenarySeminar