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Origins

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Erwin-Schrödinger-Saal
Plenary / Panel
english language

Speakers

The Ralph D. and Lois R. Silver Professor of Human Genomics; Head, The Crown Human Genome Center, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot Abstract
LIFE S ORIGIN

Living cells are by far the most complex entities in the universe. A major challenge of modern biological sciences is to find out how molecules, large and small, came together to form these miniature marvels of chemical networking and nano-construction. Genomics and Systems Biology provide novel tools that allow us to transcend the classical descriptions of biochemistry textbooks, and explain life's origin in terms of intricate webs of mutual interactions. New research suggests that life has been network-based ever since its inception nearly 4 billion years ago. Such insight sheds new light on how life may have emerged on earth, and potentially on other planets. This research leads to an alternative view to the one commonly depicted in biochemistry textbooks, namely that life began with highly complex individual molecules of substances such as RNA and DNA, which in present-day cells perform the task of storing and transmitting biological information.
Prof. of Physics and President Designate, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot; Director at the Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics, Heidelberg Abstract
Like human being, stars are born, live and die. And it is during their life cycles that they produce the basic atomic component of life, as we know it. However, life is too complex to be based on atomic components only, and must rely on molecular complexity.
How are molecules formed in space? Are  complex molecules present in the interstellar space? Can we make experiments in laboratories that reproduce interstellar conditions so that we can approach these basic questions from an experimental point of view?
Some of the answers to these questions will be outlined in the lecture, including a short description of where the new field of Astrobiology is aiming.
Editor in Chief and Managing Director, NZZ Austria; Mentor, Alpbach Media Academy; Vienna Chair

Dr. Doron LANCET

The Ralph D. and Lois R. Silver Professor of Human Genomics; Head, The Crown Human Genome Center, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot

 Prof. Lancet received his B.Sc. Degree in chemistry and physics at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 1970. His Ph.D. degree (1978) was in chemical immunology at the Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, under the supervision of Profs. Pecht and Sela. He obtained postdoctoral training at Harvard University, with Prof. Strominger, on transplantation proteins, and at Yale University, with Prof. Shepherd, on the biology of the sense of smell. Since 1981 he has been on the faculty of the Weizmann Institute of Science, where he is currently Professor at the Department of Molecular Genetics. He headed Weizmann's Department of Membrane Research and Biophysics (1995-97). He pioneered genome research in Israel, and currently is the head of the Crown Human Genome Center at the Weizmann Institute and of Israel's National Laboratory for Genome Infrastructure. His research interests span human genome research, the genetic basis sense of smell, bioinformatics (the merger of biology and computing) and the early evolution of life on earth. Prof. Lancet has pioneered the studies of the molecular basis olfaction, discovering how smell signals are received, amplified and terminated, and how olfactory receptor genes evolve and function. He also developed GeneCards, a world-known digital "encyclopedia" of human genes, also marketed by Xennex. Prof. Lancet teaches graduate courses on Bioinformatics and Computational Genomics, as well as on molecular recognition. He consults to companies in the fields of fragrances and flavors, olfactory security, artificial noses and smell digitization.

Dr. Daniel ZAJFMAN

Prof. of Physics and President Designate, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot; Director at the Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics, Heidelberg

1980-1983 B. SC in Physics
1983-1989 PhD in Atomic/Molecular Physics
1989-1991 Post-Doc Fellow at Argonne National Laboratory, USA
1991-1996 Senior Scientist, Weizmann Institute of Science
1996-2003 Associate Professor, Weizmann Institute of Science
since 2002 Head of the Physics Service Unit, Weizmann Institute of Science
since 2003 Full Professor, Weizmann Institute of Science
since 2005 Director at the Max-Planck-Institute for Nuclear Physics, Heidelberg, Germany
2006 President, Weizmann Institute of Science

Michael FLEISCHHACKER

Editor in Chief and Managing Director, NZZ Austria; Mentor, Alpbach Media Academy; Vienna

ab 1988 Studien der Theologie, Germanistik und Klassischen Philologie an der Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz (nicht abgeschlossen)
1991-1994 Außenpolitik-Redakteur, "Kleine Zeitung"
1994 Redakteur in der Chefredaktion, "Kleine Zeitung"
1995-1997 Chef vom Dienst, "Kleine Zeitung"
1998-1999 Stellvertretender Chefredakteur, "Kleine Zeitung"
2000-2001 Chef vom Dienst, "Standard"
2002-2004 Stellvertretender Chefredakteur, "Die Presse"
2004-2012 Chefredakteur, "Die Presse"
2013/14 Leiter, Media Academy, Europäisches Forum Alpbach
seit 2015 Chefredakteur, "nzz.at"

Technology Forum

show timetable

24.08.2006

10:00 - 12:00Technology Brunch sponsored by Tiroler ZukunftsstiftungSocial
11:00 - 22:00Presentation CD-Laboratory "Biomechanics in skiing"Culture
13:00 - 13:30Welcome by the OrganisersPlenary
13:30 - 14:00Welcome StatementsPlenary
14:00 - 15:00OriginsPlenary
15:30 - 17:30Competition for TalentPlenary
19:00 - 20:15Research at the Cutting EdgePlenary
20:15 - 21:30Science and Research Models and Best PracticePlenary
21:30 - 23:30Evening Reception sponsored by Alcatel AustriaSocial

25.08.2006

09:00 - 18:00Junior AlpbachBreakout
09:00 - 15:00Working Group 01: Science and Technology in Sport: Challenge for Industry and Benefit for PeopleBreakout
09:00 - 15:00Working Group 02: Technology Transfer: the Motor for Developing LocationsBreakout
09:00 - 15:00Working Group 03: Convergence and Complexity in TechnologyBreakout
09:00 - 15:00Working Group 04: Convergence and Excellence in ScienceBreakout
09:00 - 15:00Working Group 05: Innovative Telematics Systems in Intermodal TransportBreakout
09:00 - 15:00Working Group 06: Changes in Technology and Natural Sciences - Is Our Tertiary Education System Still Up to Date?Breakout
09:00 - 15:00Working Group 07: High-performance Materials from Nature as an Opportunity for Economic GrowthBreakout
09:00 - 15:00Working Group 08: The Reassuring HabitatBreakout
09:00 - 15:00Working Group 09: Energy Security - the Case of Hydro CarbonsBreakout
16:00 - 17:15Convergence and Complexity in Science and TechnologyPlenary
17:15 - 18:00Faith and SciencePlenary
19:00 - 20:00Atom and Eve - an Alpbach MinioperaCulture
20:00 - 23:30Reception sponsored by the Province of Lower AustriaSocial

26.08.2006

09:00 - 10:00Energy and SecurityPlenary
10:00 - 10:30Alpbach 2006 - Resumée Junior AlpbachPlenary
11:00 - 12:30Science and DemocracyPlenary
12:30 - 13:30The Universe is a Strange PlacePlenary
13:30 - 14:30Farewell Reception sponsored by Microsoft AustriaSocial