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Trust between Cultures

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Erwin-Schrödinger-Saal
Plenary / Panel
German and English language

Speakers

Medical Doctor, Centre for Psychosocial Medicine, University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf
Ambassador-at-Large, Kingdom of Morocco, Rabat Abstract
 What can be done to promote trust between peoples from different cultures and particularly between the  Arabo-Islamic World and the  West ?
This contribution will focus on potential answers to this question.
To restore confidence there is a need to change not only the practice of States but also personal behaviours and mindsets.
Such an ambitious aim requires an ongoing process where education is the cornerstone of a wide range of actions, carried out by all the stakeholders and societies at large. Among other things:
- Resolve the endemic conflicts perceived as waged to Arabs and Moslems;
- Address the numerous sources of disparities and tensions and the root causes of terrorism;
- Education to diversity: Promote knowledge of other cultures and religions, carry out more work on differences and diversity; and promote knowledge about the common cultural space,
- Promote dialogue, as a modus operandi to make cooperation prevail over confrontation and make of it a reality on the ground: through a few principles, like:  mixity ,  doing together , and  make it known». Local media should be actively involved& ;
- Reinvest the cultural field to achieve the ownership of ones culture;
- Recover the capacity to speak for one s culture and identity to withdraw it to the monopoly of extremists and hardliners,
- Restore to culture its richness and complexity far from the prevailing caricatures, and elitism;
This endeavour is particularly relevant for the immigrants in Europe who need to better know their cultural and religious heritage, to secure more selfconfidence and confidence in the others and to avoid becoming easy preys for extremist preachers&
Mitglied, START-Alumni-Verein, Wien
Executive Director, Nigerian Academics Forum Austria - NAFA, Vienna Abstract
Genetically, Human beings are formed with complicated biological structures, rigidly expressing contrasting habitual and behavioural differences. The scientists could discover not only conflicts in social thinking but also agreeable differences in tissue formation which makes the understanding, trust and sharing common interest between cultures complicated and difficult.
The Academics Forum of Nigerians living in Austria and some parts of Germany will use this opportunity created by European Alpbachs Forum to crystallize the past, the present and the future impacts, trust between different Cultures could play, or is playing or has played in enhancement of World unity and thereby establishing trust, love and reliability among mankind.

My discussion will focus on  Ubuntu , a southern African language particularly the Zulus and Xhosas, meaning Peace, Trust, Love and Tolerance between People of different backgrounds. The doctrine of Ubuntu has been traditionally used by the Zulus to settle differences amicably and prominently, it was used by the Apartheid Reconciliation Committee headed by Desmond Tutu to forgive the regime that practiced Apartheid, even those involved in the shooting of innocent Soweto children in 1976, killing dozens of Black children cold bloodedly were permanently pardoned. All the atrocities committed against black people were permanently reconciled without any single punishment. More reasons would be elaborated at the forum, why Ubuntu principles should be embraced when solutions of mutual understanding in inter racial mediation is to be restored. Those who have truly adapted the fundamental principles of Ubuntu could express the harmony derived thereafter, particularly when trust between different Cultures existing in a Community or in Europe as a whole is deemed necessary. Looking at the European contest as applied today, the Ubuntu policies are still very far fetched, segregations, discriminations, hatred and non-challant attitude against people with different cultural backgrounds particularly the blacks are observed in almost all European Countries regularly, despite many Human rights watchdogs and NGOs installed to buffer the situations. I am calling on the Europeans to strictly implore and assimilate the policies of Ubuntu for the sake of mankind. The word Ubuntu is synonymous to reconciliation of two, three or more of culturally hated Groups of people and mostly with undulating ideologies, tending to bring understanding between them. Placing some races as minorities, infusing complex in them, calling them all sorts of unpleasant names are unclever system of discrimination, marginalization and dehumanization.
My Suggestions (policy options) for the future are:
-The main key to achieve trust between Cultures is forgiveness, without forgiveness, there will be no love, no trust, no unity, no interaction. God mentioned also in the Bible, that we should forgive those who have trespassed against us and love our neighbours as we love ourselves.
-- Culture is not static but changes with the development of the societies. Ubuntu as policy option should be applied to political, educational development and of course in cultural interactions. Any negligence to implementation of this reality to dwell in between people of different cultural heritages will provide no future harmony rather continue to embrace the shadows of the past.
- The role of the median causing disunity amongst cultures
- The Ethic and Human life Philosophy
- The Role of Religion
- Language as important barrier and factor that could cause misinterpretation and disunity.
- Economic level of development as a vital factor that could cause disrespect and degradation of humanity and people of minorities and disadvantaged. Etc.
Executive Director, Center for Democracy and Reconciliation in South East Europe, Thessaloniki
Austrian Ambassador to the United Kingdom, London Chair

Dr. Ayse Güzin ALTUNBAY

Medical Doctor, Centre for Psychosocial Medicine, University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf

1996-2000 Medizinstudium, Universität Hacettepe, Ankara
2000-2003 Medizinstudium, Universität Wien
2005-2010 PhD-Studium, Psychiatrie, Medizinische Universität Wien
2006-2009 Doktoratsstudium, Institut für Politikwissenschaft, Universität Wien
2008-2010 Post-Doc Forscherin, Universitätsklinik für Frauenheilkunde, Medizinische Universität Wien
2008-2010 Co-Leiterin, Migrantinnen-spezifische Schmerzambulanz, Universitätsklinik für Frauenheilkunde, Medizinische Universität Wien
2008-2010 Psychotherapeutisches Propädeutikum, Österreichischer Arbeitskreis für Gruppentherapie und Gruppendynamik, Wien
2009-2010 Lehrbeauftragte, Institut für Politikwissenschaft, Universität Wien
2010-2011 Facharztausbildung, Klinik für Psychiatrie, Psychotherapie und Psychosomatik, Klinikum Bremen Ost, Bremen
2012-2015 Facharztausbildung, Klinik für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie, -psychotherapie und -psychosomatik, Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg
2014-2015 PhD-Studium, Psychiatrie, Medizinische Universität Wien

Dr. Assia BENSALAH-ALAOUI

Ambassador-at-Large, Kingdom of Morocco, Rabat

1970-1979 Professor of English Studies, Faculty of Arts
1981-1988 Professor of Administrative Law, Faculty of Law, Mohammed V University, Rabat
1988-2006 Professor of International Law and of International Economic Law
since 2006 Ambassador-at-Large, Kingdom of Morocco, Rabat

Ara KARAPETYAN

Mitglied, START-Alumni-Verein, Wien

2000-2001 Journalistik- Schule in Yerevan
2006-2009 Seminare: Rhetorik, Präsentationstechnik, Gruppendynamik usw.
seit 2006 Übersetzung für den Verein Ute Bock (ehrenamtlich)
seit 2008 Chefredakteur, Gruppenbetreuer, Übersetzer und Seminarleiter, Energy for live
2008-2009 Dolmetscher und Gruppenbetreuer im Verein Blick nach Europa
 Seit 2009 Studium an der Uni Wien Internationale Entwicklung und Politikwissenschaften
 Seit 2009 Gruppenbetreuer, Eventmoderator, Dolmetscher, Zeitungsworkshopleiter für den Verein Energy for live, Organisation von Kinder und Jugend Musikfestivals für Kinder mit besonderen Bedürfnissen und ohne diese
seit 2009 Mitglied, START-Alumni-Verein

Dr. Samuel NZOKURUM

Executive Director, Nigerian Academics Forum Austria - NAFA, Vienna

 Graduate of the Medical University of Vienna Austria
 Trained general medical practitioner and emergency physician
 WHO-trained research officer in reproductive medicine, focusing on maternal and neonatal health, as well as emergency medicine
 Foreign student's officer of the Austrian Student's Union from 1989 to 1993
 Currently the executive director of Nigerian Academics Forum in Austria and some parts of Germany; working and training in the Department of Cardiology and Intensive Medicine at Academic Hospital Papenburg in Germany; running charitable medical services for disadvantaged areas in some west African countries

Nenad SEBEK

Executive Director, Center for Democracy and Reconciliation in South East Europe, Thessaloniki

1975-1986 Journalist, presenter and editor, Radio Belgrade
1986-1991, 1994 Producer, Senior Producer in Yugoslav (later South Slavonic) BBC World Service
1992-1993 Special Reporter for the former Yugoslavia BBC World Service
1995 News Producer, BBC World Service Newsroom
1996-1999 South East European Correspondent, based in Zagreb then Belgrade, "The World"
1998-1999 Director of Media Focus, a media monitoring project funded by the EU and the UK government covering the main media in Belgrade, Pristina, Podgorica and Novi Sad, IWPR (Institute for War and Peace Reporting)
1999-2002 Moscow Correspondent, The World (A co-production of the BBC World Service, WGBH and PRI)
2004-2007 Adjunct Assistant Professor in Politics and Journalism, ACT (American College of Thessaloniki)
since 2007 Center for Democracy and Reconciliation in Southeast Europe, Thessaloniki

Mag. Dr. Emil BRIX

Austrian Ambassador to the United Kingdom, London

1975-1979 Studium der Geschichte und Anglistik, Universität Wien
1979-1980 Forschungsprojekt "Soziale und kulturelle Konflikte in der Donaumonarchie"
seit 1982 Österreichischer Diplomatischer Dienst
1982-1984 Bundesgeschäftsführer des Management Clubs des Österreichischen Wirtschaftsbundes
1984-1986 Klubsekretär im Parlamentsklub der Österreichischen Volkspartei
1986-1989 Leiter des Ministerbüros im Bundesministerium für Wissenschaft und Forschung
1990-1995 Generalkonsul der Republik Österreich in Krakau/Polen
1995-1999 Direktor des Österreichischen Kulturinstitutes in London
2000-2003 Leiter der Abteilung "Durchführung kultureller und wissenschaftlicher Veranstaltungen im Ausland" (Gesandter) in der Kulturpolitischen Sektion des Bundesministeriums für auswärtige Angelegenheiten
2002-2010 Botschafts Leiter der Kulturpolitische Sektion im Bundesministerium für europäische und internationale Angelegenheiten
2007, 2008 Präsident von EUNIC (European Union National Institutes of Culture)
seit 2010 Botschafter der Republik Österreich im Vereinigten Königreich Großbritannien und Nordirland

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