Nobel Prize Winner 2006; Professor, Department of Economics, Columbia University, New York
1955 Amhers College, B.A.
1959 Yale University, PhD.
1971-1982 Professor of Economics, Columbia University
1978-1979 Professor of Economics, New York University
1992-1993 Resident Consultant, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, London
since 1982 McVickar Professor of Political Economy, Columbia University