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Ph.D. Fred Charles IKLE Distinguished Scholar, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington


 Dr. Ikle was Undersecretary of Defense for Policy during the first and second Reagan administration. From 1973 to 1977, he served Presidents Nixon and Ford as Director of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarment Agency. From 1979 to 1980, he was coordinator of Governor Ronald Reagan's foreign policy advisers. Dr. Ikle served for nine years as a director of the National Endowment for Democracy, and in 1999 to 2000 as Commissioner on the National Commission on Terrorism. He was chairman of Telos Corporation and director of the advisory board of Zurich Financial Services. From 1968 to 1972, Dr. Ikle was head of the Social Science Department of the RAND Corporation. From 1964 to 1967, he was professor of political science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is presently a Governor of the Smith Richardson Foundation and a Director of the U.S. Committee for Human Rights in North Korea.


Council on Foreign Relations
International Institute for Strategic Studies
American Foreign Policy Council


Annihilation From Within, 2006
Every War Must End, 1970, 2005
How Nations Negotiate, 1964, 1976
The Social Impact of Bomb Destruction, 1958


Dr. Ikle received the highest civilian award of the Department of Defense
The Distinguished Public Service Medal, 1987
Bronze Palm, 1988