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Zukünftiges Leben mit der Maschine

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Erwin-Schrödinger-Saal
Plenary / Panel
in deutscher Sprache

Immer stärker greifen Maschinen in unser Leben ein. Im Zeitalter Industrie 4.0 ziehen intelligente, weltweit vernetzte Maschinen nicht nur in die Fabrikshallen, sondern als dienstbare Roboter und 3 D-Drucker auch in unsere Haushalte ein, während zugleich digitale Assistenten uns die nähere Umgebung oder gar die Welt erklären. Was bedeutet dies für unser Leben?

Vortragende

Head of Corporate Research and Technology, Festo AG & Co KG, Esslingen Abstract
Zukünftige Automatisierungslösungen unterliegen hohen Anforderungen hinsichtlich Vernetzung, Flexibilität und Adaptivität. Diese können durch autonome, selbstlernende und wissensbasierte Systeme mit Einbeziehung der menschlichen Kognition erfüllt werden.

Cyber Physical Systems (CPS) sind Voraussetzung dafür. Sie sind hochintegrierte mechatronische Komponenten, die über leistungsfähige Kommunikationsmodule miteinander und mit den Maschinensteuerungen kommunizieren.

Steuerungssysteme werden konzeptionell von zentralen zu dezentralen Architekturen auf der Basis von mechatronischen Agenten weiterentwickelt. Existierende Lösungen befinden sich im Entwicklungsstadium und werden auf diversen Forschungsplattformen einer Evaluation unterzogen.

Dabei ist die Möglichkeit des Menschen gefragt, direkt und intuitiv mit der Technik zu kommunizieren. Die Technik muss den Menschen verstehen und der Mensch muss die Technik besser verstehen. Anlagen werden intuitives Bedienen gestatten, mobile Endgeräte bis hin zu kollaborationsfähigen Robotern unterstützen aktiv bei manuellen Tätigkeiten im Sinne industrieller Assistenzsysteme.

Für das Verständnis der Funktionsweise moderner Steuerungsarchitekturen und deren Optimierung im ganzheitlichen Kontext sind die holistischen Vorgehensweisen der Mechatronik unter Einbeziehung menschlicher Verhaltensmodelle unerlässlich. Ebenso sind die für Planung und Inbetriebnahme eingesetzten Methoden dringend zu vereinfachen hinsichtlich Handhabung und Aufwand.

Der Blick über den Tellerrand der Technik in die Funktionsmechanismen natürlicher Systeme erschließt die Übertragung von Effizienzstrategien aus der Natur in die moderne Automatisierungstechnik.

Angepasste Qualifizierungskonzepte unterstützen den Menschen bei der Bewältigung der neuen Herausforderungen in der Produktion, die den Menschen nicht außerhalb, sondern im Gegenteil dazu im Mittelpunkt der zukünftigen Produktionsumgebung sieht.

Sensorintegration, Kognition und Kommunikationstechnologien für autonome Systeme sind Impulsgeber für zukünftige Entwicklungen. Es geht um

• Effiziente modellbasierte Funktionenentwicklung
• Angepasste Steuerungsarchitekturen für zentrale/dezentrale Automatisierung
• Mensch-Technik-Interaktion für Inbetriebnahme und Anwendung.
• Einfachheit und Intuition durch gekapselte Komplexität.

Die derzeitigen Aktivitäten im Kontext von Industrie 4.0 geben für zukünftige Anwendungen mit erhöhten Anforderungen an Flexibilität und Adaptivität entscheidende Impulse.
Professor of Cognitive and Computer Science, Bernard M. Gordon Senior Faculty Fellow, Adjunct Professor of Psychology and Director, Human-Robot Interaction Laboratory, Department of Computer Science, School of Engineering, Tufts University, Medford, MA Abstract
As robots are becoming more intelligent and autonomous, new robot applications are coming within reach, from autonomously driving cars, to assistive robots in medical domains, to all kinds of service and entertainment robots. With the envisioned deployment of autonomous robots in human societies, however, comes a new type of challenge that has hitherto not been addressed sufficiently by the robotics and artificial intelligence communities: social interactions in human societies are based on social and moral norms that are deeply ingrained in human cognition and behavior. Failing to abide by those norms will cause different types of societal reactions to offending behavior, from blame and reprimands in simple cases, all the way to full-fledged legal processes.

In this presentation, I will start by making the case that intelligent autonomous robots will cause people to project agency into machines and as a result people will automatically form expectations about robots' social and moral abilities. Hence, failing to incorporate such capabilities into robotic control architectures, will not only disappoint human expectations and cause people to make wrong predictions about robot behaviors, but ultimately will result in unnecessary harm to humans. Using simple case studies, I will briefly illustrate the potential dangers of deploying robots without some rudimentary "moral competence". And I will also mention recent efforts to describe what is needed to develop such rudimentary moral competence in autonomous robots, ending the presentation with a plea to engineers, scientists, philosophers, and legal experts to engage in a discussion of how we can move autonomous technology forward without sacrificing essential values of human societies.
Professor for Autonomous Systems and Director, Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems, ETH - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich
Technical Advisor for Complex IT Solutions and Technical Director S&D in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland, IBM Deutschland GmbH, Ehningen Abstract
The rapid digitization of information is generating unprecedented quantities of data. On a global basis, we now create more than 2,5 billion gigabytes of data each day, with 80 percent of it in an "unstructured" format, including blogs and texts, audio and video transmissions, and a constant stream of signals from embedded senors and wearable technology.

Traditional computing systems, individually programmed, are unable to exploit this resource. In combination with human expertise and cognitive computing technology has the potential to solve previously unsolvable problems and to transform companies, industries, goverments and private social life.

Cognitive computing is able to figure out informations and contection to which no one has thought of before. This leads to a transparency of individuals and communities, which is not desired in this form. Cognition computing we see today not only in research and in the economy, but it is an ingredient in many areas of our daily lives. Social platforms, cloud services for headhunters and companies, personality profiles and consultants, and it increasingly influences more and more our personal life and opinion.

These are pros and cons about it for an excellent debate.
Chief Executive Officer, DIE ZEIT; Managing Director, DvH Medien GmbH Chair

Dr. Peter POST

Head of Corporate Research and Technology, Festo AG & Co KG, Esslingen

 Prof. Dr. Peter Post started his professional career with an apprenticeship as a toolmaker, and continued his studies to get a degree in mechanical engineering at the University of Siegen, Germany. He finished his work as research assistant in Siegen with a doctoral degree. Since 1989 he is working at Festo AG & Co. KG in Esslingen/Germany in several functions in R&D. Since 2008 he is in charge of corporate research and technology. He is an active member in several scientific networks and clusters for applied research in production and manufacturing within Germany (e. g. Industry 4.0) and Europe (e. g. Manufuture, EFFRA).

Ph.D. Ph.D. Matthias SCHEUTZ

Professor of Cognitive and Computer Science, Bernard M. Gordon Senior Faculty Fellow, Adjunct Professor of Psychology and Director, Human-Robot Interaction Laboratory, Department of Computer Science, School of Engineering, Tufts University, Medford, MA

 Professor in Cognitive and Computer Science in the Department of Computer Science at Tufts and an Adjunct Professor in the Department of Psychology at Tufts University as well as the School of Informatics and Computing at Indiana University.
 He is also the Bernard M. Gordon Senior Faculty Fellow in Engineering and Director of the Human-Robot Interaction Laboratory at Tufts.
 He earned a Ph.D. in Philosophy from the University of Vienna in 1995 and a Joint Ph.D. in Cognitive Science and Computer Science from Indiana University Bloomington in 1999.
 His research focuses on complex cognitive and affective robots with natural language capabilities for natural human-robot interaction and most recently on developing computational mechanisms for endowing robots with rudimentary moral competence.

Dr. Roland Yves SIEGWART

Professor for Autonomous Systems and Director, Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems, ETH - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich

1984 Master, Mechanical Engineering, ETH Zurich - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich
1984-1985 Research and Teaching Assistant, Turbomachinery Lab (Prof. Gyarmathy), ETH Zurich - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich
1985-1986 Lecturer, Turbomachinery, Technical University (HTL), Zurich
1985-1989 Research and Teaching Assistant, Institute of Mechanics (Prof. Schweitzer), ETH Zurich - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich
1989 PhD, Mechanical Engineering, ETH Zurich - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich
1989-1990 Post-Doc, CDR - Center of Design and Research, Stanford University, California
1990-1996 Senior Scientist and Lecturer, Institute of Robotics, ETH Zurich - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich
1990-1997 Vice-President Research & Development, MECOS Traxler AG
1996-2006 Associate / Full Professor in Microengineering, EPFL - École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne
2002-2006 Vice Dean, School of Engineering (STI), EPFL - École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne
2005 Visiting Professor, NASA Ames and Stanford University, California
since 2006 Full Professor for Autonomous Systems, ETH Zurich - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich
2010-2014 Vice President Research and Corporate Relations, ETH Zurich - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich
since 2015 Co-Director of Wyss Translational Center Zürich

Ingolf WITTMANN

Technical Advisor for Complex IT Solutions and Technical Director S&D in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland, IBM Deutschland GmbH, Ehningen

 Studied computer science and business administration and started his professional career as Unix system engineer at Nixdorf.
 In 1990 he joined IBM starting as AIX marketeer following the IBM classical career as Unix sales representative, solutions sales manager, and different national and international technical director positions. Ingolf is now the Technical Director for IBM DACH (Germany, Austria, and Switzerland). He is member of the DACH Technical Leadership Team and is responsible for the profession development cross organization.
 Since 2007 Ingolf is the chairman of the department "IT Infrastructure & Digital Office" in the German Association for Information Technology, Telecommunications and New Media (BITKOM).

Dr. Rainer ESSER

Chief Executive Officer, DIE ZEIT; Managing Director, DvH Medien GmbH

1975-1977 Trainee with Deutsche Bank AG in Hannover
1977-1982 Law Studies in Munich, Geneva and London
1982-1983 Master of Law the University of Gerogia in Athens, USA
1986 Second Legal State Examination
1986-1987 Education as Editor at Deutsche Journalistenschule (German Journalists School) in Munich
  Stegemann, Sieveking & Lutteroth, Hamburg
1987-1989 Lawyer at the international law offices Nörr, Stiefenhofer & Lutz, Munich and
1989 PhD in International Law at the University of Regensburg
1989-1992 Editor in Chief at Bertelsmann International, Munich (Spotlight, Ecoute, ECOS and ADESSO)
1995-1999 Managing Director of Main-Post Publishing House, Würzburg
since 1999 CEO of DIE ZEIT
since 2011 Managing Director of DvH Medien GmbH (DIE ZEIT, Verlagsgruppe Handelsblatt, Tagesspiegel)

Technologiegespräche

Timetable einblenden

27.08.2015

10:00 - 12:30TechnologiebrunchSocial
13:00 - 13:10Eröffnung der Alpbacher Technologiegespräche 2015Plenary
13:10 - 14:00FTI-TalkPlenary
14:00 - 15:30Zukünftiges Leben mit der MaschinePlenary
16:00 - 17:30Cyber Physikalische SystemePlenary
19:45 - 21:15Regional Debate Central Eastern EuropePlenary
21:15 - 23:30AbendempfangSocial
21:15 - 23:30KarriereloungeSocial

28.08.2015

09:00 - 10:30BioökonomiePlenary
09:00 - 18:00Junior Alpbach - Wissenschaft und Technologie für junge MenschenBreakout
09:00 - 15:00Ö1 Kinderuni Alpbach - Wissenschaft und Technologie für KinderBreakout
10:50 - 12:15Complexity SciencePlenary
12:15 - 13:00Imbiss für die TeilnehmerInnen der Breakout SessionsSocial
13:00 - 18:00Breakout Session 01: 2015: Das Ende der EnergiewendeBreakout
13:00 - 18:00Breakout Session 02: Bio-Economy in Action: Nationale Bioökonomie-Strategien im VergleichBreakout
13:00 - 18:00Breakout Session 03: Human Enhancement Technologien: Verstärkung oder Reduktion von UngleichheitBreakout
13:00 - 18:00Breakout Session 04: Forschungsförderung zwischen Risiko, Kreativität und MainstreamBreakout
13:00 - 18:00Breakout Session 05: Marktumbrüche: Herausforderung und Chance für Innovation?Breakout
13:00 - 18:00Breakout Session 06: Entrepreneurship: Was kann das Wissenschaftssystem beitragen?Breakout
13:00 - 18:00Breakout Session 07: Spiele der UnGleichheitBreakout
13:00 - 18:00Breakout Session 08: Physisches Internet: Überragende Vision für Logistik und MobilitätBreakout
13:00 - 18:00Breakout Session 09: Dynamik durch Heterogenität: Wie Wirtschaft und Forschung von Unterschieden profitierenBreakout
13:00 - 18:00Breakout Session 10: Energiewende: Gleiches Ziel - ungleicher WegBreakout
13:00 - 18:00Breakout Session 11: Wasserstoff und Brennstoffzelle: Kommt der Marktdurchbruch?Breakout
13:00 - 18:00Breakout Session 12: Leuchtende Zukunft? Herausforderungen und Chancen der LED-BeleuchtungBreakout
13:00 - 18:00Breakout Session 13: Wahrheit und Wirklichkeit: Zur Bedeutung von Modellen in Ökonomie, Wissenschaft und PhilosophieBreakout
13:00 - 18:00Breakout Session 14: Virtuelles Lernen: Chancen(Un)Gleichheit im Bildungsbereich?Breakout
20:00 - 21:30Urban Innovators Challenge - Start Up Your CompanyPartner

29.08.2015

09:00 - 10:30Das Media Lab des MIT zu Gast bei den TechnologiegesprächenPlenary
10:30 - 11:30UnGleichheit: Die neue SeidenstraßePlenary
11:50 - 13:15Kunst, Design und Architektur als Labor der Digitalen ModernePlenary
13:15 - 13:30Abschluss-Statement der Alpbacher TechnologiegesprächePlenary
13:30 - 14:00Imbiss zum Abschluss der VeranstaltungSocial