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09: Evolutionary theory – the next step in enlarging the modern synthesis. Integrating developmental effect with heredity and evolution

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Hauptschule
Seminar / Seminar
in englischer Sprache

The environment plays an active role in the construction of form and function during development. As such, it can play an important role in the production and inheritance of phenotypic variation. Three areas of this new approach to development and evolution will be discussed:
– Developmental plasticity, wherein signals from predators, diet, sunlight, and conspecifics can alter a developmental trajectory towards one of greater fitness. Models, such as genetic assimilation, predict that such environmentally induced changes can become fixed into the genome.
– Developmental symbiosis, wherein organisms co-develop and need the signals from another species in order to develop normal parts and bodily functions.
– Epigenetic inheritance, wherein environmentally induced conformational alterations to the chromatin (DNA methylation, histone acetylation) or to other cellular components can be stably inherited from one generation to the next.

In the seminar we will discus the evidence for these interactions, the relationships that these views have for redirecting our studies of evolution and development, and the possible medical and philosophical relevance of these views.

Howard A. Schneiderman Professor of Biology, Department of Biology, Swarthmore College; Finland Distinguished Professor, University of Helsinki
Professor of History and Philosophy of Biology and the Theory of Evolution, Cohn Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Ideas, Tel Aviv University

Ph.D. Scott F. GILBERT

Howard A. Schneiderman Professor of Biology, Department of Biology, Swarthmore College; Finland Distinguished Professor, University of Helsinki

BA, Wesleyan University, Connecticut MA, History of Biology, The Johns Hopkins University Ph.D., Biology, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Wisconsin Department of Biology, Swarthmore College Associate Scientist, Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology Associate Scientist, Thomas Jefferson University Visiting Professor, University of Helsinki
1971
1976
1976
1976-1980
since 1980
1983-1984
1987-1988
1990-1991

Ph.D. Eva JABLONKA

Professor of History and Philosophy of Biology and the Theory of Evolution, Cohn Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Ideas, Tel Aviv University

B. SC. in Biology from Ben-Gurion University, Israel M.Sc. (with distinction) in Microbiology from Ben-Gurion University, Israel Ph.D. in Genetics from the Hebrew University, Jerusalem Lecturer in the Cohn Institute, Tel-Aviv University Senior Lecturer Fellow of Collegium Budapest Fellow of Institute for Advanced Studies, Berlin Associate Professor in the Cohn Institute, Tel-Aviv University
 Fields of study: genetics, epigenetics, theoretical biology, evolutionary biology, behavioural ecology, history of philosophy
 Places of study: Beer Sheva University, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, London University
1976
1980
1988
1990-1993
1993-2000
1994-1995
1997-1998
since 2000

Seminarwoche

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kategorie: Alle Plenary Seminar
Genre : Alle Panel Seminar