Mobility has always required a special effort in the Alps. Passes and transit routes are the main arteries through which traffic runs, allowing the economy to breathe and making accessible this important area of recreation in the heart of Europe. Now, more than ever, people use their cars to move from point A to point B in this European region. The volume of traffic is growing and with it, the environmental impact and conflicts. What sustainable modes of transport make sense in Alpine regions and which measures could encourage more people to use them? Where should policy-makers impose regulations and what are the possible impacts of infrastructure projects or digitisation?