Senator, Parliament of the Czech Republic, Prague
1979-1984 Geography at the Faculty of Natural Sciences of the Charles´ University, Prague
activities in democratic opposition, left the faculty and worked several years as the administrator of the Asian collection of Náprstek museum in the castle in Libchov
1982-1986 Manager of the underground rock band Národní tYída, the members of which were young musicians, artists and writers;
published a samizdat magazine Revolver revue together with Jáchym Topol and Ivan Lamper
since mid 1980s Contacts with dissidents in Hungary, Poland and Lithuania
1987 Became a member of Polish-Czechoslovak Solidarity and participated in meetings of representatives of Czechoslovak and Polish opposition in mountains on state borders and co-organized regular smuggling of literature, correspondence and technolology across border mountains.
1989 Speaker of the Charta 77 and one of the authors of the petition, several sentences;
jailed for his activities in the prisons of Ruzyn and Pankrác
1989 One of the founders of the Civic Forum, a political movement which lead the country to the first free elections
ní servis was established which later became Respekt weekly
1990-1992 Foreign and political advisor to the President Václav Havel
1990 Initiated the meeting of intellectuals and top representatives of Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Poland in Bratislava which later lead to the establishment of Visegrád co-operation
1992-1997 First Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs
He lead the Czech team which divided Czechoslovak foreign service, he was the Czech negotiator during talks with Germany concerning joint declaration and started discussions concerning the accession of the R to the NATO.
1997-2001 Czech Ambassador to the United States
2001-2002 Plenipotentiary of the Czech Government for the preparation of the Summit meeting of NATO in Prague
2003 Left diplomacy on his own decision
2004 Expert assistant of the German Marshall Fund of the U.S in Prague
2004-2006 Acting officer and consultant of international firm Dutko Worldwide, reads lectures on Euro-American relations at the New York University (NYU) in Prague, President of the Czech Euroatlantic Council
He also became one of the founders of a foreign-political think-tank PASS (Program of Atlantic Security Studies in Prague) and participated in the establishment of the discussion club Osma.
In Ústí nad Labem he helped to establish Collegium Bohemicum, the institution which will help the City museum to study history and present of Czech-German relations.
2006 Foreign Minister of the Czech Republic in the first government of Mr Mirek Topolanek
2007-2009 Deputy Prime Minister for European Affairs in the second government of Mr Mirek Topolanek
since 2009 Senator, Parliament of the Czech Republic, Prague