Dr. Luis MORENO OCAMPO
Prosecutor, International Criminal Court, The Hague
On 21 April 2003, Luis Moreno-Ocampo was unanimously elected in New York as the first Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court. His mandate is to select and trigger investigations and prosecutions of the most serious crimes of concern to the international community, namely genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. He has currently opened investigations into the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Darfur (the Sudan), the Central African Republic and Kenya, and analysed alleged crimes under the jurisdiction of the Court and the existence of genuine national proceedings in Georgia,
Colombia, Afghanistan, Palestine, Guinea and Côte d'Ivoire.
Prior to joining the International Criminal Court, Dr. Moreno-Ocampo had a distinguished career as a prosecutor in Argentina, where he played a key role in the trials connected with the transition from dictatorship to democracy. In 1985 Dr. Moreno-Ocampo was the deputy prosecutor in the "military juntas trial", the first case against top commanders responsible for mass atrocities since the Nüremberg trials. He also served as prosecutor of the Federal Criminal Court of Buenos Aires from 1987 to 1992. During those years, he participated in prosecutions against guerrilla leaders and military rebellions. He also conducted a great number of prosecutions against public officials for corruption. Upon his resignation in 1992, Dr. Moreno-Ocampo founded a private law firm specialised in corruption control.
He was a board member of national and international NGO's and was visiting professor at both Stanford and Harvard Universities. Dr. Moreno-Ocampo is a graduate of the University of Buenos Aires Law School and has published books and articles relating inter alia to massive crimes and corruption.