| ||He was until February 2005 head of the Service for common foreign and security policy (CFSP). He was previously deputy director of the cabinet of Pierre Moscovici, Minister delegate for european affairs, between 1997 and 2002. He has held various positions at the Quai d Orsay, as assistant director at the Department of economic and financial affairs, and at the Department for european cooperation. He has been posted in Germany and Singapore. He had held previously several positions at the Ministry of Economy and finance (Directorate for economic external relations), dealing with trade policy and relations with Asia.