| ||Terje Rød-Larsen has been President of the International Peace Institute since January 2005. He serves concurrently as the Secretary-General's Special Envoy for the Implementation of Security Council Resolution 1559 (2004). He began his career as an academic, teaching sociology, political science, and philosophy at the Universities of Bergen and Oslo, before establishing the Fafo Institute for Applied Sciences in Oslo in 1981. As Director of Fafo, he initiated a research project into the living conditions of Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, which led to a request by the PLO in 1992 that he help establish a secret channel for negotiations between the PLO and the Government of Israel. The subsequent talks between Israelis and Palestinians concluded with the Oslo Accords and the signing of the Declaration of Principles at the White House on September 13, 1993.
| ||In 1993, he was appointed Ambassador and Special Adviser for the Middle East Peace process to the Norwegian Foreign Minister. In mid-1994, he was appointed United Nations Special Coordinator in the Occupied Territories at the rank of Under-Secretary-General. In 1996, he became Norwegian Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Planning and Cooperation, before re-joining the United Nations. From 1999 to December 2004, he served as UN Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process and Personal Representative of the Secretary-General to the Palestine Liberation Organization and the Palestinian Authority, holding the rank of Under-Secretary-General|