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04: Demographics and Human Resources as an Opportunity for Innovation

Breakout / Working Group
english language

The impact of demographic developments on human resources is huge, with human resources constituting one of the most important competitive factors in a globalised knowledge society. In order to limit future welfare loss caused by reduced growth, all the involved players have to act. However, demographic change must also be seen as an opportunity and a motor of innovation in society. This working group will deal with these challenges, aiming to identify and assess innovative ways for coping with demographic challenges in order to maintain the economy’s ability for innovation and competitiveness.


Professor emeritus of Sociology and President, Soziologisches Forschungsinstitut Göttingen (SOFI), University of Göttingen
Senior Economist, Science and Technology Policy Division, Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry, OECD - Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris Abstract
Ageing populations constitute one of the grand challenges for most OECD countries. Much of the policy focus on the impact of ageing populations has centered on the economic impacts of ageing such as labor force participation and the sustainability of social security and pension systems. In this context, it is not surprising that science and technology are being called upon to mitigate the negative economic impacts of ageing populations and to increase the quality and life span of older people in OECD countries. But people are also at the source of innovation, technological and non-technological; not only from the supply-side as scientists, technologists and inventors but also from the demand-side as consumers and users of innovative goods and services. How will ageing populations affect the capacity of OECD countries to innovate? What kinds of innovations will ageing populations demand? What kinds of skills will older workers need to be innovative? This presentation will discuss recent OECD work on innovation on the one hand, and on ageing populations on the other hand and highlight some potential areas for further research at the nexus of innovation and aging.
Founding Director, Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital (IIASA, VID/ÖAW, WU), Vienna; Director, World Population Program, IIASA - International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg Abstract
Traditionally, demography has studied the channging size of human populations and their changing structures by age and sex. But more advanced tools of demography can capture and descibe the dynamics of populations according to further important sources of heterogeneity such as level of education, health status, labor force participation etc.. The Wittgestein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital has recently reconstructed (to 1960) and projected (to 2060) the changing structure of Global Human Capital (i.e. the changing age-, sex- and education composition of all countries in the world). It clearly shows that human capital formation does not happen overnight but rather follows the (biological) laws of changes along cohort lines: If today in a devloping country efforts are made to e.g. better educate 10 year old girls, then it will take 10-25 years until this will result in lower birth rates and lower infant mortality, 20-30 years until these better educated cohorts will have a positive impact on economic productivity and growth and even 60 and more years until they will be more healthy elderly. Hence, this new approach to the study of human capital formation allows for a host of new analyses about the positive returns to education. The lecture will also address the question whether in ageing industrialzed countries better education can compensate for the smaller number of young people and hence provide an optimistic rather than a pessimistic outlook for Europe's future in globalizing world, provided that strong new investments are being made in education and research.
Senior Project Manager, Bertelsmann Stiftung, Gütersloh Abstract
Geplanter Aufbau des Vortrags:

Eingangsfolie, , die aufzeigt, welche Auswirkungen Demographischer Wandel auf Ökonomie hat

1.3 Folien zur weltweiten Alterung

2. Konkretisierung einiger Auswirkungen der gesellschaftlichen Alterung:
a. Alterung und öffentliche Finanzen, Aussage: staatliche finanzielle Handlungs-spielräume zur Förderung von Innovationen nehmen ab
b. Alterung und Produktivität, Aussage: alternde Gesellschaften haben tenden-zielle eine sinkende Produktivität
c. Alterung und Innovation, Aussage: alternde Gesellschaften haben tendenzielle eine sinkende Innovationskraft
d. These 1: Innovationsressourcen einer alternden Gesellschaft nehmen ab

3. Konkretisierung einiger Anforderungen an die Innovationsfähigkeit einer alternden Gesellschaft:
a. Finanzierung der sozialen Sicherung bei steigendem Altenquotienten
b. Spezielle für die entwickelten Industrienationen: Aufrechterhaltung der interna-tionalen Wettbewerbsfähigkeit angesichts des Aufholens der Schwellenländer (Produktivitätsentwicklung)
c. These 2: Innovationsbedarf einer alternden Gesellschaft nimmt zu

4. Ansatzpunkte zur Unterstützung notwendiger Innovation:
a. Nachfrageseite: Einige Innovationen wird der Markt wegen entsprechender Nachfrage generieren (2 Folien zu altengerechten Produkten), These: Wer heute entsprechende Produkte entwickelt, ist Morgen Weltmarktführer mit entsprechenden Arbeitsplätzen
b. Angebotsseite: Notwendig sind quantitative und qualitative Steigerungen bei den Produktionsfaktoren Arbeit und Kapitel (alles auf einer Folie):
i. Arbeit (quantitativ): Steigerung der Beschäftigungsbeteiligung und ge-steuerte Zuwanderung
ii. Arbeit (qualitativ): Bildung (frühkindlich über Schule bis Weiterbildung)
iii. Kapital (quantitativ): sichere Kapitalmärkte, Förderung ausländischer Direktinvestitionen und stabile Währungen
iv. Kapital (qualitativ): technologischer Fortschritt, was vor allem kreative Köpfe benötigt (bringt uns wieder zum Faktor Arbeit)

5. Fazit und einige offene Fragen
Head of Center for Economic Policy, Innovation and Technology, Austrian Federal Ministry for Digital and Economic Affairs, Vienna Abstract
According to the UN population forecast Europe will be the only region in the world that will face a decline in population in the period 2010 to 2050. At the same time demographic trends will result in significant shifts of the age composition of the population. These trends are regarded as serious threats for the development of economic welfare in member states of the European Union. In my presentation I will give a brief overview on the findings of the economic literature on the relationship between demographic structure and productivity growth and innovation respectively. The theoretical and empirical findings provide the basis to discuss possible policy strategies to create favourable conditions for high productivity growth. Recommendations derived from the literature are discussed making reference to the economic policy strategy of the European Union.
President, German Academic Exchange Service, Bonn Abstract
When talking about demographics as an opportunity for innovation, internationalization is a key factor, which has to be considered. The recruitment of students and researchers has already become a global competition, in which international attractiveness matters. This competition is an opportunity for change and development. Universities and research institutes have to think about their strengths and also weaknesses, they need to sharpen their teaching and research profiles and set up their own internationalization strategies. Finding the right partners for cooperation, pooling talent and equipment - building up critical mass - is becoming more and more important to achieve scientific breakthroughs. A cooperative approach implies partnerships that are drawing upon combined, complementary or synergetic strengths and that are beneficial for all parties involved.
Professor of Biochemistry, Centre of Molecular Biology, University of Vienna; Member, Austrian Council for Research and Technology Development, Vienna Chair
Adviser, Austrian Council for Research and Technology Development, Vienna Coordination

Dr. Martin BAETHGE

Professor emeritus of Sociology and President, Soziologisches Forschungsinstitut Göttingen (SOFI), University of Göttingen

 Studium der Soziologie, Pädagogik, Philosophie und Politikwissenschaften an der Universität Göttingen und der FU Berlin
1969 Promotion zum Dr. rer. pol. an der Fakultät der Geistes- und Staatswissenschaften der TU Hannover
1973-1996 Lehrstuhl "Allgemeine Soziologie mit den Schwerpunkten Bildungs- und Berufssoziologie, Soziologische Methodenlehre" an der Universität Göttingen
1975-2006 Direktor des Soziologischen Forschungsinstituts Göttingen (SOFI)
1996-2004 Professur "Soziologie - mit den Schwerpunkten Industrie-, Bildungs- und Jugendsoziologie" an der Universität Göttingen
seit 2004 Mitglied der Autorengruppe Bildungsberichterstattung, die als unabhängiges wissenschaftliches Konsortium im Auftrag von Bundesregierung und Kultusministerkonferenz (KMK) alle zwei Jahre den nationalen Bildungsbericht "Bildung in Deutschland"verfasst
seit 2006 Präsident des Soziologischen Forschungsinstituts Göttingen (SOFI), Mitherausgeber mehrerer Zeitschriften (u.a. Journal for Labour Market Research) und Gutachter für nationale und internationale Forschungsförderungseinrichtungen sowie sozialwissenschaftliche Zeitschriften


Senior Economist, Science and Technology Policy Division, Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry, OECD - Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris

 Mario Cervantes is senior economist/principal administrator at the OECD's Science and Technology Policy Division. In particular he is responsible for the Working Party on Innovation and Technology Policy (TIP). With more than 15 years experience in innovation policy, Mr. Cervantes has written on a range of topics from industry-science relations, human resources in S&T, technology incubators, university patenting and licensing, open innovation and globalisation and more recently on innovation for social challenges. Current activities include the study of the changing nature of innovation and the policy implications as well as work on demand-side policies for innovation.
 A graduate of Columbia University (MA - international economics), the University of California at Santa Barbara (BA economics and political science) and the Institut d' Etudes Politiques de Paris (Sciences Po), Mr. Cervantes has also studied at the Berkman Center, Harvard Law School where he obtained a certificate in internet law, and was a Sloan Fellow in public policy at Princeton's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. Prior to joining OECD, Mr. Cervantes worked as a researcher at the Columbia Institute for Tele-Information (C.I.T.I) at the Graduate School of Business, Columbia University, New York.

Mag. Dr. Wolfgang LUTZ

Founding Director, Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital (IIASA, VID/ÖAW, WU), Vienna; Director, World Population Program, IIASA - International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg

1980 Magister (M.A.), Social and Economic Statistics, University of Vienna
1981-1982 Research Assistant, Population Studies Center/Graduate Group in Demography, University of Pennsylvania
1982 M.A., Demography, University of Pennsylvania
1983 Ph.D. (with distinction), Demography, University of Pennsylvania
1983-1985 Research Associate, Demographic Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences; Lecturer in Social and Economic Statistics, University of Vienna
1984 Visiting Scholar, World Fertility Survey, London
since 1984 Employed at IIASA - International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg
1988 Habilitation, Demography and Social Statistics, University of Vienna
since 1988 Leader, World Population Program, IIASA, Laxenburg
1995-1998 Research Director, Austrian Institute for Family Studies, Vienna
1998-2001 Secretary General, International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP)
1999-2004 Scientific Coordinator, EU Observatory for the Social Situation, Demography and the Family
2001-2002 Initiator and Coordinator, Global Science Panel on Population and Environment
since 2002 Director, Vienna Institute of Demography (VID), Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna
2007 Senior Visiting Fellow, Oxford Institute of Ageing, Oxford University
2002-2009 Deputy Chair, Board of Directors and Chair of the Scientific Program Committee, African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC), Nairobi, Kairo
2003-2008 Member, Board of Directors (Kuratorium), Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock
since 2008 Full Professor of Social and Economic Statistics (part time), Vienna University of Economics and Business
2011 Founding Director, Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital (IIASA, VID/ÖAW, WU)

Dr. Dipl.-Vw. Thieß PETERSEN

Senior Project Manager, Bertelsmann Stiftung, Gütersloh

 Studium der Volkswirtschaftslehre, Paderborn und Kiel
1992-1996 wissenschaftlicher Angestellter, Institut für Theoretische Volkswirtschaftslehre, Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel
1996 Promotion an der Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel
  Projektberater für das DAG-Forum Schleswig Holstein e.V.
1997-1998 Wissenschaftlicher Angestellter und Dozent für Volkswirtschaftslehre, Fachhochschule Westküste in Heide
1999 Lehrbeauftragter an der Fachhochschule Westküste in Heide
1998-2004 Geschäftsführer des DAG-Forum Schleswig Holstein e.V.
seit 2002 Geschäftsführer des ver.di Forum Nord e.V.
  bis Ende 2008 Im Projekt "Aktion Demographischer Wandel", nun im Programm "Nachhaltig Wirtschaften"
seit 2004 Bertelsmann Stiftung,
2012 Lehrbeauftragter an der Europa-Universität Viadrina, Frankfurt/Oder

Mag. Dr. Andreas-Ulrich SCHUH

Head of Center for Economic Policy, Innovation and Technology, Austrian Federal Ministry for Digital and Economic Affairs, Vienna

1986-1990 Studies, Economics, University of Vienna
1990 Degree in Economics, University of Vienna
1990-1992 Postgraduate Programme, Institute for Advanced Studies, Vienna
1992-1999 Economist, Austrian Federal Ministry of Finance, Vienna
1992-1999 Expert, Department for Economic Policy, Austrian Federal Ministry of Finance, Vienna
1999-2011 Researcher, Labour Economics and Public Finance, Institute for Advanced Studies, Vienna
2002 Doctorate in Economics, University of Vienna
2004-2011 Head of Department, Institute for Advanced Studies, Vienna
since 2011 Scientific Director, EcoAustria - Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Vienna


President, German Academic Exchange Service, Bonn

1966-1970 Read psychology and media studies at the University of Mainz
1970 Final Diplom examination and graduation in psychology
  Lecturer at the TH Darmstadt and teacher at the grammar school in Jugendheim, Bergstraße
1970-1972 Scholarship holder of the Rhineland-Palatinate Foundation for Highly-Gifted Students
1972 Gained her doctorate with the degree of Dr. rer. nat.
1972-1977 Research assistant at the Psychology Institute of the University of Heidelberg
1972 Research stays at Ann Arbor and Berkeley
1977-1979 DFG Research Grant
1979-1986 Lecturer at the Psychology Institute of the University of Heidelberg and project director for the DFG research unit "Speaking and Language Understanding"
1983-1985 DFG "Habilitation" Scholarship Holder
1986 "Habilitation" in psychology at the University of Heidelberg
1985-1987 Member of the study group on "Historical Change in Social Psychology" of the Werner Reimers Foundation
  Project director and coordinator in the Heidelberg/Mannheim Collaborative Research Centre SFB 245 "Language and Situation"
1986-1992 Senior contract lecturer at the University of Heidelberg
1987-1989 Member of the Senate Committee on Women's Affairs at the University of Heidelberg
1987-1993 Chairwoman of the Association of Women Academics and Scientists in Baden-Württemberg
1988-1994 Reviewer for the Baden-Württemberg Länder Government Programme to Support Women
1992 University Professor (C4) at the University of the Saarland
1994-1997 Vice-President responsible for Teaching and Studies at the University of the Saarland
1995/1996 Member of the Committee of Experts on "Research and Technology" in the Saarland
1994-1998 Member of the Executive Board of the German Psychology Society
1996-1998 Member of the Higher Education Structure Committee of Baden-Württemberg
1999-2000 Member of the Evaluation Committee on Psychology at the Northern Network Universities (Bremen, Greifswald, Hamburg, Kiel, Oldenburg)
since 1996 Liaison lecturer and since 1997 member of the Selection Committee for the German National Study Foundation (Studienstiftung des Deutschen Volkes)
  Deputy Dean at the Faculty of Social and Applied Human Sciences
  Member of the Advisory Board on Women's Affairs
  Member of the Senate of the University of the Saarland
1999-2000 Ombudswoman at the University of the Saarland
2000-2006 President of the University of the Saarland
2001-2006 HRK Vice-President for Research and Young Scientists
since 2002 Member of the University Council of the University of Konstanz
since 2004 Member of the Austrian Science Board (Österreichischer Wissenschaftsrat)
since 2006 President of the Hochschulrektorenkonferenz
since 2007 Member of the Council of the United Nations University
since 2009 Member of the Board of the European University Association (EUA)
since 2012 President of the German Academic Exchange Service

Mag. Dr. Renée SCHROEDER

Professor of Biochemistry, Centre of Molecular Biology, University of Vienna; Member, Austrian Council for Research and Technology Development, Vienna

1972-1978 Studies of Biochemistry, University of Vienna
1978-1981 PhD in Biochemistry, University of Vienna
1981 Post doc: University of Munich, Germany
1982-1985 C.N.R.S. Gif/ Yvette, France
1987-1989 New York Deptment for Health, Albany NY, USA
1987-2004 Assistant, Deptment for Microbiology & Genetics, University of Vienna
seit 2005 Deptment Biochemistry, University of Vienna

Technology Forum

show timetable


10:00 - 12:30Technology Brunch hosted by Standortagentur TirolSocial
13:00 - 13:10Welcome statementPlenary
13:10 - 13:30Opening of the Alpbach Technology Forum 2012Plenary
13:30 - 14:15Opening SpeechesPlenary
14:15 - 15:05Powering the FuturePlenary
15:25 - 16:55Global Earth Research - Research for the Future of the Globe in cooperation with the Helmholtz Association of German Research CentersPlenary
16:55 - 17:45The Fight against Cancer - Breakthroughs and ExpectationsPlenary
20:00 - 21:30The global Competition for Production and Research - who will determine the Future?Plenary
21:30 - 23:30Career Lounge - Evening event with a buffet dinner for students, graduate scientists and young professionals, hosted by the organisers of the Alpbach Technology Forum and Siemens AG ÖsterreichSocial
21:30 - 23:30Evening Reception hosted by Forschung AustriaSocial


09:00 - 18:00Junior Alpbach - Science and Technology for Young PeopleBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 01: Key Technologies - a Future for Europe's YouthBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 02: Ambient Assisted LivingBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 03: Smart City - Human beings at the Focus of AttentionBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 04: Demographics and Human Resources as an Opportunity for InnovationBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 05: The Location of future Production Sites - Decision Criteria, Opportunities and RisksBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 06: Supporting Careers in ScienceBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 07: Key Elements of successful Innovation CulturesBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 08: Learning through innovative Education NetworksBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 09: Wanted: young, technologically savvy, curiousBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 10: Smart Governance for smart SpecialisationBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 11: Medical technology: challenges and opportunitiesBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 12: Cyber-security as a critical factory of stabilityBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 13: Modern Technologies and their Role in Democratic ProcessesBreakout
09:00 - 15:00Ö1 Children's University Alpbach - Science and Technology for KidsBreakout
09:45 - 15:00Special Event: RTI Internationalisation in Austria and the EUBreakout
16:00 - 17:15Individualisation - the Basis for Education and InnovationPlenary
17:30 - 19:30Pathways to the Nobel Prize - Laureates in Conversation with Austrian Junior Scientists in cooperation with the Foundation Lindau Nobelprizewinners Meetings at Lake ConstancePlenary


09:00 - 10:30Emerging Technologies that will change our Lives - a Selection of EU "Flagship Projects"Plenary
10:45 - 12:00Future Scenarios: how long can we plan ahead?Plenary
12:00 - 13:05The physics of footballPlenary
13:05 - 13:15Closing StatementPlenary
13:20 - 14:00Snack ReceptionSocial