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05: Urban Europe, Urban Technologies – The City in the 21st Century

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Hauptschule
Breakout / Working Group
german language

The future of Europe will be decided in its cities. Even today, a majority of Europe s population lives in urban regions which generate a large portion of our welfare. They are engaged in a worldwide competition for quality of life, productivity and communications, they vie for investments and the “best brains”. At the same time they confront us with environmental damage, urban sprawl, problems of urban traffic and transport, the segregation of migratory groups, security problems and their climate impact. The working group will deal with global urban challenges, joint European solutions and available technologies.

Speakers

Professor, Mathematical Economics, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna Abstract
After World War II the population of Austria stagnated at slightly below 7 million until the end of the 1950s. Ever since, Austria has been a country of net in-migration. The total population size reached 8.38 million in January 2010.

With the exception of migration, main population trends in Austria have remained unchanged since the mid-1980s. After the baby boom peaked in the early 1960s, a substantial fertility decline took place, which lasted until the mid-1980s. Since then Austria has recorded low and relatively stable fertility, with the period total fertility rate hovering around 1.3 to 1.5 births per woman. Austria has a long history of subreplacement fertility, completed fertility already falling well below two children per woman during the first years of the twentieth century, and rising temporarily above that level among the 1917 46 birth cohorts. Since 1970, life expectancy at birth has risen annually, reaching 77.4 for males and 82.9 years for females in 2009. The number of years a person may still expect to live at the retirement age of 65 increased as well, reaching 17.5 years for men and 20.8 years for women in 2009.
According to the most recent official projections for the years 2009 50 by Statistics Austria (2009), the population will grow, with decreasing increments, to 9.47 million until 2050-that is, by about 12.7% as compared with the population of 2010. As the number of persons older than 65 will increase by 80% over the same period, demographic aging is inevitable. The proportion of elderly (65+) people will rise from 17.6% in 2010 to 28% by 2050. The share of working-age population (20 64 years) will increase slightly until 2012, and then decrease by 7.7% until 2050 (from 61.9% to 57.1%), whereas the share of the population below age 20 has already started to decline.

These past and future trends in the demographic structure of Austria are quite diverse across the various regions in Austria and will be highlighted in the talk.
Vice Director of the Management Board, EU-Joint Programming Initiative "Urban Europe"; Corporate Strategy, AIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH, Vienna
ALDAR Professor of Real Estate Development, School of Real Estate and Planning, Henley Business School, University of Reading Abstract
Now, more than ever, cities must be understood as  social, economic, cultural and ecological entities, [that are] also shaped by technological revolutions within an international context (Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) Vision for Cities Task Group, 2010). Late C20th global developments in information and communication technologies (ICTs) have facilitated economic globalization and the informationalization and financialization of the world economy leading to O Brien s well-known (1992)  end of geography prediction. Yet ,at the end of the first decade of the new millennium, important knowledge-intensive advanced producer services (APS), finance and linked business and professional services such as accountancy, legal, advertising and consultancy, remain clustered in  global cities world-wide and are strongly represented in densely urbanised Europe. Significantly these tertiary services add value to international trade in primary and secondary economic sectors and hence have widespread impacts. In addition, their cross-border network organization makes them city connectors, thus firms with an international network of city-based offices are connecting urban Europe to mature and globalizing economies world-wide through their business-related flows. But, in spite of the virtualization of significant inter-city flows of knowledge and finance, cities still provide the physical  basing points and infrastructure for APS interaction and agglomeration. Furthermore, the international financialization of real estate has transformed city business quarters into urban property markets that are a global financial asset. Drawing on the results from ongoing research for the European Spatial Observation Network (ESPON) Tiger - Territorial Impact of Globalization for Europe and its Regions project, the need for urban Europe to engage actively with these international developments will be argued. Adjustment to global changes is essential, hence the question will be addressed, are present European urban policies fit for this purpose?
Director, POLICIES - Institute for Economic and Innovation Research, Joanneum Research Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Vienna Abstract
Städte sind sowohl aktuell als auch historisch der wichtigste Entstehungs- als auch Anwendungsort von neuen Technologien: Zum einen sind Städte bzw. urbane Agglomerationen aus verschiedenen Gründen  hot spots der Wissens- und Technologieproduktion zum anderen sind sie auch die  test-beds für Anwendungen einer Vielzahl von neuen Technologien. Städte konkurrieren heute sowohl als  Entscheidungs- und Dispositionsorte als auch als  Wissens- und Technologiestandorte in der internationalen Standortkonkurrenz. Dementsprechend wichtig ist es auch, die Bedingungen zu beschreiben unter denen Städte zentrale hot-spots der Innovation und Technologieentwicklung und/oder Pionieranwender von gesellschaftlichen Innovationen und neuen Technologien sind oder werden können. Dies ist u.a. die Aufgabe von Stadt- und Innovationsforschung.

Wie von verschiedenen theoretischen Ansätzen und empirischen Untersuchungen dargelegt (siehe etwa PORTER; RUTTAN; GLAESER; FLORIDA, VON HIPPEL), erklären sich Geschwindigkeit, Richtung und Umfang von Entstehung und Anwendung von neuen Technologien nicht allein aus dem Vorhandensein von neuem Wissen und Technologien ( technology push Ansatz ) sondern hängen von eine Vielzahl von gesellschaftlichen, politischen und ökonomischen Faktoren ab. Dazu zählen - neben der eigentlichen ökonomischen Dynamik - im Kontext der Stadtentwicklung vor allem:
- die demographische Entwicklung und Siedlungsmuster,
- das Ausmaß von Ressourcen- und Umwelt/Landschaftsverbrauch,
- die Mobilitäts- und Kommunikationsbedürfnisse von Wirtschaft und Individuen
- die Attraktivität als Forschungs- und Innovationsstandort
- die politischen Zielsetzungen (z.B. nachhaltige Entwicklung, Wettbewerbsfähigkeit) und das institutionelle politische Setting (Governance-Strukturen), diese Zielsetzungen auch umsetzen zu können
-.u.a.m.

Politik, die gleichzeitig die technologische Entwicklung zur Lösung großer urbaner Entwicklungsherausforderungen (und die entsprechen weitgehend den globalen Entwicklungsherausforderungen insgesamt!) stimulieren will und die jeweilige Stadtregion im internationalen Standortwettbewerb als  Wissens-Hub und  Innovations-hot-spot positionieren will muss deshalb:

- über die o.a. Faktoren gut Bescheid wissen, d.h. über eine ausreichende Wissensbasis verfügen, was urbane und technologische Entwicklungen in ihren Wechselwirkungen angeht. Dazu braucht es neue Ansätze in der Stadtforschung und -planung,  Urban Foresights u.a.
- über das Wissen über adäquate politischen Instrumente verfügen (Governance-Strukturen, öffentliche Beschaffung, Regulierung, Technologieförderung, Migrationspolitik u.a.m.)

D.h. um solche technologischen Entwicklungen großen Umfangs anzustoßen, braucht es vermehrte Anstrengungen der Stadtforschung, neue Formen der Datengewinnung, neue Governance-Modelle, partizipative Planung, und viele andere Instrumente der Stadt- und Technologieentwicklung. Jeder Förderung muss diese soziale, gesellschaftliche und ökonomische Formung des Technologischen Wandels berücksichtigen. Für die Entwicklung solcher Instrumente wird in Zukunft die JPI  Urban Europe wesentliche Anstöße geben. JOANNEUM RESEARCH versucht mit seinem neuen Schwerpunktthema  Urban Development zu dieser Art Forschung einen wichtigen Beitrag zu leisten.
Director of Policy, Council of European Municipalities and Regions, Brussels
Founding Partner, Carlo Ratti Associati, architecture design office, Turin; Director, SENSEable City Laboratory, MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA
Deputy Director General for Innovation Policy, Austrian Federal Ministry of Transport, Innovation and Technology, Vienna Chair
Managing Director, Climate and Energy Fund, Vienna Chair
Strategic Programme Coordinator, Energy and Environmental Technologies Unit, Austrian Federal Ministry of Transport, Innovation and Technology, Vienna Coordination

Dipl.-Ing. Dr. techn. MA Alexia FÜRNKRANZ-PRSKAWETZ

Professor, Mathematical Economics, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna

1989 Diploma, Technical Mathematics, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna
1990-1991 Fulbright Scholar, M.A. in Economics, University of Chicago
1992 Doctorate, Technical Mathematics, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna
1992-1998 Research Assistant, ÖAW - Austrian Academy of Sciences and Vienna University of Technology, Vienna
1998 Habilitation, Venia in "Population Economics and Applied Econometrics"
1997-1998 Max Kade Post-Doctorate, University of California, Berkeley
1998-2003 Head of Research Group on Population, Economy and Environment, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock
2003-2007 Vienna Institute of Demography, ÖAW - Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna
since 2003 Deputy Director, Vienna Institute of Demography, ÖAW - Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna
since 2008 Professor, Mathematical Economics, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna
since 2011 Director, Research Training, Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital
2012-2014 Head, Institute of Mathematical Methods in Economics, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna
since 2013 Research Associate, IIASA - International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg
since 2015 Head, Institute of Statistics and Mathematial Methods in Economics, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna

Dr. MBA Margit NOLL

Vice Director of the Management Board, EU-Joint Programming Initiative "Urban Europe"; Corporate Strategy, AIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH, Vienna

 PhD in Physics at the Vienna University of Technology
1998-2004 Technology and Innovation Management, AIT - Austrian Institute of Technology (former Austrian Research Centers Seibersdorf)
2004-2008 Strategy development and research management for the business unit electric drive technologies, AIT - Austrian Institute of Technology
since 2008 Corporate strategy, AIT - Austrian Institute of Technology

Ph.D. Kathy PAIN

ALDAR Professor of Real Estate Development, School of Real Estate and Planning, Henley Business School, University of Reading

1969-1973 Graduated in Urban Planning at Oxford Polytechnic
1973-1977 PhD in Geography at the University of Reading
1977-1979 Senior Planning Officer, Forward Planning and Policy, London
1979- 1980 Lecturer, Centre for Urban and Regional Studies, University of Birmingham
1982- 1996 Associate Lecturer, Assistant Staff Tutor in Social Sciences, The Open University
1996-2000 Staff Tutor in Social Sciences, Geography Discipline, The Open University
2000-2003 Senior Researcher, Associate Lecturer in Geography, Loughborough University
2003-2007 Research Fellow, Institute of Community Studies/ The Young Foundation, London
2007-2009 Lecturer in Geography, Loughborough University
since 2009 Aldar Chair of Real Estate Development, University of Reading

Mag. Wolfgang POLT

Director, POLICIES - Institute for Economic and Innovation Research, Joanneum Research Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Vienna

1977-1985 Study of Economics and Business Informatics, University of Vienna
1985-1992 Research Fellow, Institute for Research on Socio-Economic Development and Technology Assessment of the Austrian Academy of Sciences
1992-1999 Senior Research Fellow, Department of Technology Studies of the Austrian Research Centers Seibersdorf
1996-1998 Full time Consultant, OECD/Directorate Science, Technology and Industry/Division for Science and Technology Policy in Paris
since 2000 Head of the Viennese Office, INTERREG - Institute of Technology and Regional Policy and of the Viennese office of JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH
since 2006 Authorised representative of JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH
since 2010 Head of Centre for Economic and Innovation Research - POLICIES - JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Graz/Wien

Dr. Angelika POTH-MÖGELE

Director of Policy, Council of European Municipalities and Regions, Brussels

1979-1986 Studium der Politikwissenschaft, englische Literaturwissenschaft, französische Sprachwissenschaft, Universität Augsburg
1986-1992 Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin am Lehrstuhl für Politikwissenschaft, Universität Augsburg
1992 Promotion
1992-1996 Stv. Leiterin des Europabüros der bayerischen Kommunen, Brüssel
1996-2000 Leiterin des Brüsseler Büros des Österreichsichen Gemeindebunds
2000-2004 Leiterin des Europabüros der bayerischen Kommunen und der Bürogemeinschaft mit den Europabüros der baden-württembergischen und sächsischen Kommunen, Brüssel
2004-2006 Head of Policy, CEMR - Council of European Municipalities and Regions
seit 2006 Director of Policy, CEMR - Council of European Municipalities and Regions
seit 2010 Vorsitzende der zwischenstaatlichen Arbeitsgruppe zur Erarbeitung eines Referenzrahmens für nachhaltige europäische Städte

Ph.D. Carlo RATTI

Founding Partner, Carlo Ratti Associati, architecture design office, Turin; Director, SENSEable City Laboratory, MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA

1988-1989 High school degree with science concentration at Liceo Segrè, Turin
1989-1995 MSc Degree (Diplôme) at Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées, Paris
1989-1995 MSc Degree (Laurea) cum laude in Engineering at the Politecnico di Torino,Turin
1995-1996 MPhil in Environmental Design in Architecture, University of Cambridge, UK
1998-2001 PhD in Architecture, The Martin Centre, University of Cambridge, UK
since 1996 Ingénieur de l'Ecole des Ponts et Chaussées (France), government decree 1996
since 1998 Architects Registration Board ARB, United Kingdom
since 1999 Member of the Italian Institute of Chartered Engineers
 Currently:
 Director, Senseable city laboratory, MIT, Cambridge MA
 Director, MIT Italy Program, International Science and Technology Initiatives, MIT, Cambridge MA
 Co-Founder and Consultant, Superpedestrian (urban mobility start-up), Cambridge MA
 Partner, Carlo Ratti Associati , architecture design office, Turin
2001-2002 Fulbright Senior Scholar at MIT, Tangible Media Group, Media Lab, Cambridge MA

Mag. Ingolf SCHÄDLER

Deputy Director General for Innovation Policy, Austrian Federal Ministry of Transport, Innovation and Technology, Vienna

1978 Studienabschluss, Volkswirtschaft, Universität Wien
1978-1979 Studium, Internationalen Politik, Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins Universität, Bologna
1979-1980 Forschungsassistent, Wiener Institut für Entwicklungsfragen
1981 Eintritt in den öffentlichen Dienst, Referent, Bundeskanzleramt, Wien
1993 Leiter, Abteilung für Technologiepolitik und -programme, Bundesministerium für öffentliche Wirtschaft und Verkehr
2003 Leiter, Bereich Innovation; stellvertretender Sektionsleiter, Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Innovation und Technologie,
2010 Übernahme des Vorsitzes, EU-Joint Programming Initiative Urban Europe

DI Theresia VOGEL

Managing Director, Climate and Energy Fund, Vienna

1989-1998 Forschungsmitarbeit und Projektkoordination von EU-Projekten, Institut für Wassergüte und Abfallwirtschaft, Technische Universität Wien
1998-2003 Selbständige wissenschaftliche Projekte, FTEI - Fakultätentag für Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik e.V.
2001-2005 Leiterin des Wissenschaftsbereich Umwelttechnik und Qualitätsmanagement, Lektorin, Fachhochschule Wiener Neustadt, Campus Wieselburg
2005-2010 Bereichsleiterin Strukturprogramme und Programmleiterin "Nachhaltig Wirtschaften", Österreichische Forschungsförderungsgesellschaft
seit 2010 Geschäftsführerin, Klima- und Energiefonds
 laufend diverse Vorträge an Universitäten und Fachhochschulen
seit 2011 Mitglied des Universitätsrates der Universität für Bodenkultur, Wien

Technology Forum

show timetable

25.08.2011

10:00 - 12:30Technology Brunch Hosted by Tiroler ZukunftsstiftungSocial
13:00 - 13:10Welcome statementPlenary
13:10 - 13:30Opening of the Alpbach Technology Forum 2011Plenary
13:30 - 14:15Opening SpeechesPlenary
14:15 - 15:40New Ways of InnovationPlenary
16:00 - 16:50The Cancer Genome: Challenge and PromisePlenary
16:50 - 17:45CybercrimePlenary
20:00 - 21:30The City of the Future - Demographics and SustainabilityPlenary
21:30 - 23:30Career Lounge - Evening Event with a Buffet Dinner for Students, Graduate Scientists and Young Professionals Hosted by the Organisers of the Alpbach Technology ForumSocial
21:30 - 23:30Evening Reception Hosted by Forschung AustriaSocial

26.08.2011

09:00 - 18:00Junior Alpbach - Science and Technology for Young PeopleBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 01: The Future of High-Tech Production in EuropeBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 02: The Future of Urban MobilityBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 03: Pre-Commercial Procurement (PCP): An Instrument for Creating InnovationBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 04: The Efficiency of RTI InvestmentsBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 05: Urban Europe, Urban Technologies - The City in the 21st CenturyBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 06: Food Security and Distributive JusticeBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 07: Research Promotion Followed by Financial Bottleneck?Breakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 08: Research in the Classroom: New Ways of Learning in Natural SciencesBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 09: Simple - Functional - Trendy? Technological Solutions for Old and YoungBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 10: IT - Challenging the Present, Defining the Future!Breakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 11: The Digital City of TomorrowBreakout
09:00 - 15:30Working Group 12: Design Thinking and Open Innovation - The Customer is KingBreakout
09:00 - 15:00Ö1 Children's University Alpbach - Science and Technology for KidsBreakout
09:45 - 15:00Special Event: New Ways of Internationalisation? European Strategies for the Globalisation of Research and InnovationBreakout
16:00 - 17:45Natural Science Education for Future GenerationsPlenary
18:15 - 19:30Frontier Technologies - A Gateway to the Future in cooperation with the European Research CouncilPlenary

27.08.2011

09:30 - 11:00International Year of ChemistryPlenary
11:20 - 12:10The Future of the InternetPlenary
12:10 - 13:05The Physics of SuperheroesPlenary
13:05 - 13:15Closing StatementPlenary
13:15 - 14:00Snack ReceptionSocial