to Content
Header Image

Democratic decisions – Present and future

-
Erwin-Schrödinger-Saal
Plenary / Panel
German and English language

Speakers

Minister a. D., Sachsen-Anhalt; Professor, Lehrstuhl für Internationale Wirtschaft, Otto-von-Guericke Universität, Magdeburg Abstract Key Note
The trend of turn-outs in democratic elections indicate a declining public interest in politics. This raises a serious problem of political participation. It may be countered by two measures: increasing voting choices at the expense of party power and decentralisation of political deci-sion-making.

European integration tends to work in a completely different direction. It leads to ever more centralization. Also, it seriously suffers from a  democratic deficit : a large part of national legislation is now de-facto decided in the Council of Ministry, thus largely by-passing na-tional parliaments and national political arenas. The European Court of Justice supports this trend.

The European democratic deficit is politically unacceptable. In principle, it could be removed in two ways: by massively extending the powers of the European Parliament (the  federalist option ) or by proper institutional safeguards against centralization. The former is completely unrealistic, not least because there is not yet a European political culture and language. The latter is recommended. In particular, there should be a conclusive catalogue of EU-competences controlled by an independent court of justice.
Senior Fellow, Tax reform and supply-side tax policy, CATO Institute, Washington, D.C. Abstract
The trend toward centralization and harmonization in global economic policy poses a growing risk to the legitimacy of governments and to the health of the global economy. Decisions made by elites operating in international bureaucracies are not necessarily wrong, but - as recent experiences in the European Union illustrate - they do cause a disconnect between national governments and increasingly-alienated voters. This almost certainly increases the likelihood of populist movements that could feature unsavory elements. Moreover, the shift toward global governance poses risk for the world economy because of both the tendency of governments to behave in a cartel-like fashion (anti-tax competition policies, for instance) and also because the shift toward regulatory harmonization is the governmental version of an undiversified investment portfolio. This means that policy mistakes automatically spread across national borders. It is especially ironic that politicians are using the financial crisis to grab more power - both at the national and international level, when mistakes by governments such as lax monetary policy and housing subsidies are the main causes of recent financial turmoil.
Deputy Secretary-General, OECD, Paris Abstract
The global financial crisis has highlighted the role of decision making at two levels. The global level where policy coordination is needed to preserve stability and growth in the global economy. The corporate level, both in finance and non financial business, where decisions are taken that can lead to systemic instability while pursuing self interest. Both decision making mechanism need to be strengthened or modified to avoid future crises..

At the global level coordination has received new impetus through the G20 process. Reform of corporate governance is high in the agenda of regulatory reform. However there is the risk that incentives for collective action at the global level and for more transparency at the corporate level will fade away once the urgency is gone

The global financial crisis also poses the challenge of keeping up the pace of structural reforms in both advanced and emerging economies to sustain long term growth in an open environment. Will policy makers obtain the consensus needed to pursue such a strategy or shall we witness a postponement of reforms that will lead to even lower growth?
Vorsitzende, Informationsplattform The World of NGOs, Wien; Lektorin, Sozialmanagement, Rechtswissenschaftliche Fakultät, Universität Salzburg; Vorstandsmitglied, CEDAG - European Council of Associations of General Interest, Brüssel Abstract
Zivilgesellschaft bedeutet ein positives Gesellschaftsmodell, das Gemeinschaftssinn aktiviert und Vielfalt anerkennt  es gibt nicht die EINE Stimme der Zivilgesellschaft!

Zivilität im Gegensatz zum Barbarischen  es geht um Inhalte UND Formen, um gemeinsame Problemlösung und Politik

Ziviler Dialog  Schlagwort in der EU. Meint die strukturierte, systematische Beratung mit Organisationen der Zivilgesellschaft, in Anlehnung an den etablierten  sozialen Dialog . Frage nach der Art der Einbindung:
1. Strukturen und Verfahren
2. Öffentliche Anhörungen
3. Gezielte Konsultation
4. Schriftliche Stellungnahmen zu Vorhaben
5. Thematische Internet-Portale

Fazit: Gegenseitiges Vertrauen in die Fähigkeiten, Politik zu gestalten, als Staat und als Zivilgesellschaft.
Publisher, former Editor-In-Chief, News, Vienna Chair

Dr. Karl-Heinz PAQUE

Minister a. D., Sachsen-Anhalt; Professor, Lehrstuhl für Internationale Wirtschaft, Otto-von-Guericke Universität, Magdeburg

1975-1980 Studium der Volkswirtschaftslehre an den Universitäten Saarbrücken und Kiel sowie der University of British Columbia, Vancouver
1981-1982 Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter am Institut für Weltwirtschaft an der Universität Kiel
1982-1983 Research Fellow am Center for Study of Public Choice, Blacksburg, Virginia, U.S.A.
1983-1986 Wissenschaftlicher Assistent in der Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Kiel
1986 Promotion an der Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Kiel, Dr. sc. pol.
1991 Wissenschaftlicher Direktor und Leiter der Forschungsabteilung " Wachstum, Strukturpolitik und internationale Arbeitsteilung" im Institut für Weltwirtschaft an der Universität Kiel
1995 Habilitation
1996 Professor für Volkswirtschaftslehre an der Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg
2002-2006 Finanzminister des Landes Sachsen-Anhalt
2006-2008 Vorsitzender der FDP-Fraktion im Landtag Sachsen-Anhalts
2003-2007 Mitglied im Bundesvorstand der FDP
seit 2008 Professor am Lehrstuhl für Internationale Wirtschaft, Otto-von-Guericke Universität, Magdeburg

Daniel J. MITCHELL

Senior Fellow, Tax reform and supply-side tax policy, CATO Institute, Washington, D.C.

 bachelor's and master's degrees in economics from the University of Georgia
 Ph.D. in economics from George Mason University
 
 Daniel J. Mitchell is a top expert on tax reform and supply-side tax policy. Mitchell is a strong advocate of a flat tax and international tax competition
 Prior to joining Cato, Mitchell was a senior fellow with The Heritage Foundation, and an economist for Senator Bob Packwood and the Senate Finance Committee
 He also served on the 1988 Bush/Quayle transition team and was Director of Tax and Budget Policy for Citizens for a Sound Economy

Dr. Pier Carlo PADOAN

Deputy Secretary-General, OECD, Paris

  Professor of Economics at the Universtiy La Sapienza of Rome
  Director of the Fondazione Italianieuropei
1998-2001 Economic Adviser to the Italian Prime Ministers
2001-2005 Italian Executive Director at the International Monetary Fund with risponsibility for Greece, Portugal, San Marino, Albania and Timor Leste
 
 
 Mr. Padoan has a degree in Economics from the University of Rome and has held various academic positions in Italian and foreign universities, including at the University of Rome, College of Europe (Bruges and Warsaw), Université Libre de Bruxelles, University of Urbino, Universidad de la Plata, and University of Tokyo. He has published widely in international academic journals and is the author and editor of several books.
2007 Deputy Secretary-General of the OECD

Mag. Christiana WEIDEL

Vorsitzende, Informationsplattform The World of NGOs, Wien; Lektorin, Sozialmanagement, Rechtswissenschaftliche Fakultät, Universität Salzburg; Vorstandsmitglied, CEDAG - European Council of Associations of General Interest, Brüssel

 Studium der Erziehungswissenschaften in Innsbruck
 2 Jahre Aufenthalt in Burundi, Afrika
 Leitung von EU-Projekten, Themen: Dritter Sektor, Zivilgesellschaft, Neue Technologien & Medien, Frauen
 Gestaltung von Beteiligungsprozessen im Zivilen Dialog

Dr. Peter PELINKA

Publisher, former Editor-In-Chief, News, Vienna

 Studium der Geschichte und Politikwissenschaften an der Universität Wien
seit 1983 Lehrbeauftragter am Institut für Publizistik der Universität Wien, Vortragender am Kuratorium für Journalistenausbildung
1980-1991 Innenpolitischer Redakteur der Tageszeitung "AZ"
1990 Übernahme der Chefredaktion
1991-2006 Chefredakteur des Wochenmagazins "NEWS"
1992 und 1998 Kolumnist der Wiener Stadtzeitung "Falter"
seit 1997 Moderator der ORF-Sendung "Zur Sache"
seit 1998 Moderator der ORF-TV-Talkshow "Zur Sache"
1998-2007 Kolumnist der Monatszeitschrift "Kompetenz"
seit 2002 Moderator der ORF-Sendung "Offen gesagt"
2006-2010 Chefredakteur des Wochenmagazins "Format"
seit 2007 Moderator der ORF-Sendung "Im Zentrum"
seit 2008 Kolumnist bei "Heute"
 Regelmäßige Beiträge auch in mehreren deutschen Zeitungen, etwa der "Zeit"
seit 2010 Chefredakteur, "News"

Reform Symposium

show timetable