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16: Microbiome diversity vs. microbiological control

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Hauptschule
Seminar / Seminar
english language

A microbiome is a community of microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, and viruses) that inhabit a particular multicellular organism, and, of course, the human microbiome is of special interest. Microbiomes are as indispensable for the normal functioning of our ecosystems as they are for the human body, and disruptions in either are associated with a loss in diversity of microorganisms. This seminar will examine if the human body can ‘control’ its own diversity. How is necessary microbial diversity established and maintained in the body? How is it affected by a hospital visit, and how can we control microorganisms in hospitals to reduce infection risks without causing resistance?
After introducing the participants to the field of microbiomes, the seminar will explore the question of how we might create a human space mission to Mars without contaminating that planet. Further, the seminar will ask how we can control our own microbiome during a space flight.

Speakers

Deputy Head, Hospital Hygiene and Technical Hygiene, Division of Hygiene and Medical Microbiology, Medical University Innsbruck
Director, Health Security Department, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki
Planetary Protection Officer, European Space Agency, Noordwijk Chair
Professor for Interactive Microbiome Research, Medical University Graz Chair

Mag. Dr. rer.nat Astrid MAYR

Deputy Head, Hospital Hygiene and Technical Hygiene, Division of Hygiene and Medical Microbiology, Medical University Innsbruck

1992-1999 Studies of Biology/Microbiology, Leopold-Franzens-University, Innsbruck
1999 Graduation Master of Science, Biology/Microbiology, Leopold-Franzens-University, Innsbruck
2002 Graduation Dr.rer.nat, Divison of Hygiene and Medical Microbiology, Medical University Innsbruck
since 2000 Collaborator/Post doc Position, Division of Hygiene and Medical Microbiology, Hospital Hygiene, Technical and Environmental Hygiene, Medical University Innsbruck
since 2010 Deputy Head, Hospital Hygiene, Technical and Environmental Hygiene, Division of Hygiene and Medical Microbiology, Medical University Innsbruck
since 2015 Collaboration in the Christian Doppler Labratory for invasive fungal infections

Mika SALMINEN

Director, Health Security Department, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki

1984-1991 M.Sc., General Microbiology, Genetics, Biochemistry, University of Helsinki
1989-1991 Ph.D, General Microbiology, Genetics, Biochemistry, University of Helsinki
since 1998 Adjunct Professor, Virology, University of Helsinki
2001-2009 Head, HIV Unit, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki
2009-2010 Head of section for Evidence Base for Prevention and Control, Scientific Advice Unit, ECDC, Stockholm
2010-2011 Head, Section for HIV STIs and Hepatitis B and C, Scientific Advice Unit, ECDC, Stockholm
2011-2012 Head, Health Impact Section at the Chief Scientists Office, ECDC, Stockholm
2012-2013 Head, Virology Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki
2013-2015 Research Professor and Head of Department, Infectious Disease Surveillance and Control, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki
since 2013 Advisory Forum member, ECDC
2015-2017 Research Professor; Director, Department of Infectious Diseases, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki
since 2017 Professor; Director, Department of Health Security, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsink

Ph.D. Gerhard KMINEK

Planetary Protection Officer, European Space Agency, Noordwijk

 Mr. Kminek is Planetary Protection Officer for the European Space Agency since 2004. He served as chair of the COSPAR Panel on Planetary Protection, the containment facility and planetary protection team in the frame of the international Mars architecture for sample return working group, co-chaired of the joint ESA-NASA science working group for Mars sample return, chaired several ECSS working groups and task force and organised a number of international workshops and colloquia to review and revise planetary protection policy and requirements. Prior he was Principal Investigator of two microgravity experiments on Space Shuttle flights STS-80 and STS-95 and worked in the ESA Advanced Concepts Team and the Aurora Exploration Program. He has a Master Degree in Science from the University in Vienna and a Doctorate in Earth Science from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California.

Dr. Christine MOISSL-EICHINGER

Professor for Interactive Microbiome Research, Medical University Graz

since 2014 Professor for Interactive Microbiome Research, BioTechMed and Medical University Graz
2007-2014 Scientist and Project Leader, Institute for Microbiology and Archaea Center, University of Regensburg
2005-2006 PostDoc, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena
2000-2004 PhD, Institute for Microbiology and Archaea Center, University of Regensburg

Seminar Week

show timetable

15.08.2018

17:00 - 18:15Opening of the European Forum Alpbach 2018Plenary
18:15 - 18:30The Last Days of Mankind - OpeningPlenary
19:00 - 21:00Presentation of the seminarsPlenary
21:00 - 22:30Bread and WineSocial

16.08.-21.08.2018

Seminar 01: The EU and its eastern and southern neighbours: resilience as a strategic prioritySeminar
Seminar 02: Digital transformation: Opportunities, risks, sustainability and resilienceSeminar
Seminar 03: Gender dynamics in changing societiesSeminar
Seminar 04: Physics meets economics - climate science and policySeminar
Seminar 05: Resilience and development policySeminar
Seminar 06: Precision medicine and its impact on societySeminar
Seminar 07: Minority politics in a comparative perspectiveSeminar
Seminar 08: Artificial intelligence and EthicsSeminar
Seminar 09: Economic shocksSeminar
Seminar 10: The unknown world of microbiomes: from the environment to humansSeminar
Seminar 11: European Security - Moving towards resilience?Seminar
Seminar 12: Urban resilience to environmental challengesSeminar
Seminar 13: Mission to Mars - Education for changeSeminar
Seminar 14: Linguistic diversity: A resource for individual and communal resilienceSeminar
Seminar 15: Ethics in Action: Economics and Sustainable DevelopmentSeminar
Seminar 16: Microbiome diversity vs. microbiological controlSeminar
Seminar 17: Our work in our futureSeminar
Seminar 18: Reproductive RightsSeminar
Seminar 19: Warrior of the Heart - DojoSeminar
Seminar 20: Spoken word poetry: The power of languageSeminar
Seminar 21: Why is it called a play?Seminar
Seminar 22: European Citizenship - Attitudes and Skills for a Democratic Youth CultureSeminar

16.08.2018

19:00 - 20:00Online Disinformation: A guest lecture on journalismPlenary

21.08.2018

18:00 - 21:00FAN ReceptionSocial
19:00 - 21:00ReceptionSocial