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13: Biomimetics: Learning from nature for technical innovations

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Hauptschule
Seminar / Seminar
english language

Biomimetics (bionics) deals with the analysis and systematic transfer of constructional principles and problem solving strategies of nature into technical applications. Plants and animals have increasingly turned out to be a treasure trove of bio-inspired technical innovations with a diversity developed in the evolutionary process over the last 3.8 billion years and millions of test runs under highly selective constraints. Biomimetics is never a blue-print from nature, but represents a creative new-invention inspired by biological concept generators. The seminar will explore the potential of biomimetics for innovative technical products and discuss process sequences for a successful transfer of ideas in biomimetic projects. In addition to theoretical considerations this will be exemplified with examples from the fields of biomimetic materials & structures, surfaces and architecture. The main topics of the seminar are:

1) Introduction: What is biomimetics?
2) What, why and how can we learn from nature for technical innovations?
Process sequences in biomimetic R&D-projects: how to achieve a successful transfer from biological template to technical product.
3) Fibres and fibre-reinforced materials in biology and technical applications.
Hierarchical structuring and interphases in biological and bio-inspired materials.
4) Self-x-materials: self-healing and self-adaptability: characteristics of living organisms and a technological challenge.
5) Biological and bio-inspired surfaces: what can we learn from natural functionalised surfaces (Lotus-Effect®, Velcro®, shark-skin-effect, antifouling, adhesive and anti-adhesive surfaces).
6) Folds and kinks: stabilising and functionalising by structural shape.
Packing and unpacking in biology as concept generator for technical packaging

Professor emeritus of Composite Materials Engineering, School of Construction Management and Engineering, University of Reading
Professor for Functional Morphology and Biomechanics; Director, Botanic Garden, Plant Biomechanics Group, University of Freiburg

Ph.D. George JERONIMIDIS

Professor emeritus of Composite Materials Engineering, School of Construction Management and Engineering, University of Reading

Scientific Officer, LTPR-CNR, Naples, Italy Research Fellow, Department of Engineering, Reading University Leverhulme Research Fellow, Reading University Lecturer, Department of Engineering, Reading University Senior Lecturer, Department of Engineering, Reading University Professor of Composite Materials Engineering, SCME, Reading University. Emeritus Professor from April 1, 2010
1970-1972
1972-1977
1977-1979
1979-1989
1989-1995
1995-2010

Dr. Thomas SPECK

Professor for Functional Morphology and Biomechanics; Director, Botanic Garden, Plant Biomechanics Group, University of Freiburg

Studium der Biologie, Universität Freiburg Diplom in Biologie, Thema aus dem Grenzbereich Biophysik - Paläobotanik, Universität Freiburg Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter, DFG-Projekt zur biomechanischen Analyse fossiler Pflanzen Promotion in Biologie, Titel der Dissertation: Biomechanische Untersuchungen an aufrechten Pflanzenachsen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der frühen "Gefäß"-Landpflanzen, Universität Wissenschaftlicher Angestellter, Fachbereich Pflanzensystematik und Paläobotanik, Fakultät für Biologie, Universität Freiburg Hochschulassistent, Botanischer Garten der Universität Freiburg Habilitation and venia legendi für Botanik & Biophysik, Titel der Habilitationsschrift: Eine funktionell- biomechanische Analyse von Achsenstruktur und Wuchsform rezenter und fossiler Pflanzen Hochschuldozent, Botanik und Biophysik, Universität Freiburg Berufung an die Humboldt-Universität Berlin auf eine Professur für Paläobotanik verbunden mit der Leitung der Abteilung für Paläobotanik am Naturkunde Museum Berlin Berufung an die Fakultät für Biologie der Albert-Ludwig-Universität Freiburg C3-Professor, "Funktionelle Morphologie und Biomechanik" und Direktor, Botanischer Gartens der Universität Freiburg Berufung als Leitender Direktor, Botanischer Garten und Botanisches Museum Berlin-Dahlem, W3-Professur für Pflanzensystematik und Pflanzengeographie, Freie Universität Berlin
1978-1986
1986
1986-1990
  Freiburg
1990
1990-1993
1993-1999
 WS 99/00 Gastprofessor, Formal- und Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät, Universität Wien
1996
2000-2002
2001
2001
2002-2006
2006

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Kategorie: all Plenary Seminar
Genre : all Panel Seminar