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Complexity and the New Enlightenment

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Elisabeth-Herz-Kremenak-Saal
Plenary / Panel
english language

Humanity is increasingly interconnected and the planet is becoming ever harder to maintain as a stable place for our species. Increased complexity offers both tremendous potential and threat to our survival. Does this mean that we are heading for a new era of self-inflicted immaturity? In this panel we want to discuss if science can offer strategies to avoid new dangers and what science can contribute to the “New Enlightenment”.

Speakers

Robert Gray Dodge Professor of Network Science; Distinguished Professor and Director, Center for Complex Network Research, Northeastern University, Boston, MA Abstract
Systems as diverse as the World Wide Web, Internet or the cell are described by highly interconnected networks with amazingly complex topology. Recent studies indicate that these networks are the result of self-organizing processes governed by simple but generic laws, resulting in architectural features that make them much more similar to each other than one would have expected by chance. I will discuss the order characterizing our interconnected world and its implications to network robustness, and control. Indeed, while control theory offers mathematical tools to steer engineered and natural systems towards a desired state, we lack a framework to control complex self-organized systems. I will discuss a recently developed analytical framework to study the controllability of an arbitrary complex directed network, identifying the set of driver nodes whose time-dependent control can guide the system's dynamics.
Professor of Computational Social Science, Department of Humanities, Social and Political Sciences, ETH - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich
Assistant Professor, Center for Network Science, Central European University, Budapest Abstract
Performance, representing the objectively measurable achievements in a certain domain of activity, like the publication record of a scientist or the winning record of an athlete, captures the actions of an individual entity. In contrast, success, captured by impact or visibility, is a collective measure, representing a community's reaction and acceptance of an individual entity's performance. We are often driven by the belief that the detection of extraordinary performance is sufficient to predict exceptional success. However, the link between these two measures, while often taken for granted, is actually far from being understood. Indeed, even experts of performance assessment are notoriously bad at predicting long-term success. Nevertheless, differently from performance, success is quantifiable and predictable: given its collective nature, its signatures can be uncovered from the many pieces of data around us using the tools of network and data science.
In this talk I will focus on success in science as a way to testing our ability to measure and predict success. I will discuss the role of luck in achieving success, and will address the relation between performance and success in a variety of settings, highlighting the challenges of gauging performance through success.
Professor and Head, Section for Science of Complex Systems, Medical University of Vienna; President, Complexity Science Hub Vienna Chair

Dr. Dr. h.c. Dirk HELBING

Professor of Computational Social Science, Department of Humanities, Social and Political Sciences, ETH - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich

1986 B.Sc. First diploma, Physics, Georg-August University Göttingen
1990 M.Sc Diploma, Physics, Georg-August University Göttingen
1992 Ph.D. Physics, Collective University of Stuttgart, Germany
1996 Habilitation, Theoretical Physics, University of Stuttgart, Germany
1997 Assistant Professor, University of Stuttgart, Germany
1997 Visiting Scientist Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel
1998 Consultant, Xerox Palo Alto Research Center
1998 Visiting Scientist Eötvös University, Hungary
1999 Visiting Scientist Tel Aviv University, Israel
2000 Senior Fellow, Collegium Budapest, Hungary
2000 Full Professor, Dresden University of Technology
2004 Visiting Scientist, INRETS, Paris
since 2007 Full (Ordinary) Professor, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
2010 Visiting Scientist Harvard University
2010 Visiting Scientist University of Oxford
2015 Affiliate Professor, TU Delft

Ph.D. Roberta SINATRA

Assistant Professor, Center for Network Science, Central European University, Budapest

2002-2005 Laurea Triennale (Bachelor equivalent) in Physics and Mathematics (summa cum laude), University of Catania
2002-2005 Diploma di Licenza Triennale per l Eccellenza in Physics (summa cum laude), Scuola Superiore di Catania
2005-2007 Laurea Specialistica (Master equivalent) in Theoretical Physics (summa cum laude), University of Catania
2005-2008 Diploma di Licenza Specialistica per l Eccellenza in Physics (summa cum laude), Scuola Superiore di Catania
2008-2012 Ph.D. in Physics (summa cum laude), University of Catania
2008-2012 PhD Student with fellowship (dottorato di ricerca con borsa), Physics Department, University of Catania
2012-2014 JSMF Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Center for Complex Network Research and Physics Department, Northeastern University
2015-2016 Research Assistant Professor at the Center for Complex Network Research and Physics Department, Northeastern University
2014-2015 Visiting Research Scholar, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School
since 2016 Assistant Professor at the Center for Network Science and Mathematics Department, Central European University, Hungary
since 2016 Visiting Research Assistant Professor at the Center for Complex Network Research, Northeastern University

Mag. DDr. Stefan THURNER

Professor and Head, Section for Science of Complex Systems, Medical University of Vienna; President, Complexity Science Hub Vienna

1993 Magister rer.nat. (MS in Theoretical Physics), University of Vienna (honors)
1995 Dr.techn. (PhD in Theoretical Physics), Vienna University of Technology (honors)
1995, 1996 Guest Researcher, Columbia University, New York
1996 Postdoctoral Position, Humboldt University, Berlin
1996-1997 Research Associate, Boston University, Boston
1998-1999 Postdoctoral Position, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna
1999-2001 Tenure track position (Universitätsassistent), University of Vienna
2001 Dr.rer.soc.oec. (PhD in Financial Economics), University of Vienna (honors)
2001 Habilitation (Theoretical Physics), Vienna University of Technology
2001-2004 Associate Professor (a.o. Universitätsprofessor, tenure), University of Vienna
2004-2009 Associate Professor, Medical University Vienna
2007 Fellow, Collegium Budapest
since 2007 External Professor, Santa Fe Institute
since 2009 Full Professor for Science of Complex Systems, Medical University Vienna
since 2010 Senior Researcher, IIASA, Laxenburg
since 2015 Visiting Professor Nanyang Technologica University, Singapur
since 2015 President of the Complexity Science Hub Vienna
2017 Visiting Fellow, Magdalen College, Oxford

Technology Symposium

show timetable

25.08.2016

13:00 - 13:10OpeningPlenary
13:10 - 14:15RTI TalkPlenary
14:30 - 14:50From Austria to Silicon Valley - Cyber Security as a Global FactorPlenary
14:50 - 16:10Cybernetics in Advanced Energy and Production SystemsPlenary
16:30 - 17:45Complexity and the New EnlightenmentPlenary
20:00 - 20:15Best of Art and ScienceCulture
20:15 - 21:15Tickets to Berlin: Falling Walls Lab Austria and Alpbach Summer School on EntrepreneurshipPlenary
21:30 - 23:00Career LoungeSocial
21:30 - 23:30Evening ReceptionSocial

26.08.2016

09:00 - 10:30Digital MedicinePlenary
09:00 - 18:00Junior Alpbach - Science and Technology for Young PeopleBreakout
09:00 - 15:00Ö1 Children's University Alpbach - Science and Technology for KidsBreakout
10:30 - 12:30Cross-sektorale Kooperationen von ClusternPartner
11:00 - 12:30Personalized Cancer MedicinePlenary
12:30 - 13:00Lunch Snacks for the Participants of the Breakout SessionsSocial
13:00 - 18:00Breakout Session 01: Innovation by Making: Paradigm Shifts and New Innovation CulturesBreakout
13:00 - 18:00Breakout Session 02: Silicon Austria: A Game Changer for Austria as a High-Tech Location?Breakout
13:00 - 18:00Breakout Session 03: Creating the Future: How to Reinvent Innovation ProcessesBreakout
13:00 - 18:00Breakout Session 04: The Cycle of Innovation and its EcologyBreakout
13:00 - 18:00Breakout Session 05: Heavy Impact of Lightweight DesignBreakout
13:00 - 18:00Breakout Session 06: Looking Into the Unknown and Shifting HorizonsBreakout
13:00 - 18:00Breakout Session 07: Radical Innovations: More Courage to Take RisksBreakout
13:00 - 18:00Breakout Session 08: The Acceptance of Technologies by Pupils with Migration History - a Plea for Transcultural Competence as new EnlightenmentBreakout
13:00 - 18:00Breakout Session 09: Cyber Security: A Fundamental RightBreakout
13:00 - 18:00Breakout Session 10: Open Access & Open Innovation - Tools for a New Enlightenment?Breakout
13:00 - 18:00Breakout Session 11: Realities and Futures of RoboticsBreakout
13:00 - 18:00Breakout Session 12: Energiewende - Empowering ConsumersBreakout
13:00 - 18:00Breakout Session 13: Security of Supply as a Locational FactorBreakout
19:00 - 20:30Innovation Marathon: Ideas Made to Order - 24 Hours NonstopPlenary

27.08.2016

09:00 - 10:30Art Meets Science and Technology - Towards a New EnlightenmentPlenary
10:45 - 11:45Open Innovation: New Enlightenment? Participation - Democratisation - New SolutionsPlenary
12:15 - 13:30ETH Zurich, this Year's Special Guest at the Technology SymposiumPlenary
13:30 - 14:00Snack ReceptionSocial