04: Security concepts and the field – Papers versus reality
The most modern concepts of security have shifted focus from old-style wars to internal violence, and recognize a much wider range of potential threats and risks to mankind. Europe is often seen as the most ‘modern’ continent in this sense, since it has largely moved beyond the older dangers to peace and is grappling with the new ones through a unique model of multi-state integration. Yet Europe also offers food for thought on how persistent the phenomena of violence, accidents, mistakes and other human vulnerabilities can be, not least because the human and political drivers behind them change so slowly. It invites reflection on how the finest principles and agreements on security cooperation can be cast aside in the heat of events on the ground, and shaken by brutal episodes like the war in Georgia.
This seminar has a dual focus: on the general evolution of security challenges and the scope for nations to cope with them, both at home and through cooperation: and on the Organization for Security and Coooperation in Europe (OSCE) as a mirror of Europe’s own solved and unsolved security agendas. The two seminar leaders will talk the topics through from basic principles to an up-to-date analysis of European policy options, giving plentiful opportunity for class discussion and interactive work on the way.
– Teachers’ introduction: plans, methods and rules of the road
– Defining ‘security’ in the twentieth century: a first overview of concepts and challenges
– The ‘comprehensive’ security concept of the OSCE, past and present, including an introduction to OSCE’s modes of operation
DAY TWO (AB)
– Three basic methods of security action: intervention, regulation, integration with critical discussion of strengths, weaknesses and the potential for a discourse/reality gap
– Practical challenges for developing a national strategy , with special attention to the problems of small states and including a short talk-through exercise
– Defining the European security agenda today
– Principles, agenda and roles of the OSCE
– Presentation and debate on conflict management in the greater Europe, including a scenario exercise
– Roles and strategies of other European security institutions (EU, NATO, Council of Europe, sub-regional groups etc); which way is the ‘security architecture’ shifting??
– Europe’ s role in the world: is there a ‘European strategy’ or strategic identity?
– Open debate on the future of OSCE and cooperative security in Europe
– Wrap-up discussion on learnings and personal reactions, including any lessons for Austria
Senior Operational Advisor, Conflict Prevention Centre, OSCE - The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Vienna
|1992-1993Assistant Professor, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington|
|1993-2000Assistant Professor, University of Miami, School of International Studies, Miami|
|2001Visiting Lecturer, Department of Politics (Peace Studies Programme), Lancaster University, UK|
|2001-2005Professor, George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies - German - U.S. Governmental Institution, Garmisch-Partenkirchen|
|2004Political Officer (on exchange), U.S. Mission to the OSCE, Vienna|
|2005-2007Policy Support Officer, South Eastern Europe Desk, Policy Support Service, Conflict Prevention Centre, OSCE Secretariat, Vienna|
Former Director, SIPRI - Stockholm International Peace Research Institute; Visiting Professor, Faculty of Political Science, University of Iceland, Reykjavik
|1971MA (honours) in Modern History, University of Oxford|
|1969-1992British Diplomatic Service, including postings at Budapest, UK Delegation at NATO, Bonn, Beijing, Oslo, and Helsinki (as British Ambassador 2000-2002)|
|1994-1996Head, Security Policy Department, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, London|
|2002-2007Director of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)|
|During career breaks and sabbaticals I worked as a researcher at the Royal Institute of International Affairs (Chatham House) in London, as a Vice President at the EastWest Center in New York and as Political Director of Western European Union in Brussels|