The transformation of energy systems towards climate-compatible solutions promises innovation, technological progress and socio-economic development. Decarbonisation is a major step towards regaining strategic energy sovereignty and safeguarding national and regional energy security. This seminar will set out to investigate different aspects of the energy transition and how this might differ depending on the developmental stage and the specific context. We will shed light on how the energy transition is deeply intertwined with societal transformations that require careful and deliberate behavioural shifts to manage demand, shift patterns of consumption and production, and evolve new models of sustainable lifestyles. We will also look at how energy systems can be a major driver for more inclusive and equitable societies and better human and planetary health.