After his studies in Economics at the University of Innsbruck, he worked there as Research Assistant at the Department for Public Finance. He continued to pursue an international academic career at universities in Munich, Amsterdam, Norwich and Goteborg. From 2016 to 2021, he was Scientific Director at the Institute for Advanced Studies (IHS) in Vienna as well as Head of the Competence Centre for Behavioural Economics, called “Insight Austria”, at the IHS. He was also President of the Austrian Fiscal Advisory Council (FISK) and was appointed Federal Minister for Labour, Family and Youth on 11 January 2021, since 1 February 2021, Kocher is Federal Minister for Labour. He was appointed Federal Minister for Digital and Economic Affairs on 11 May 2022 and he is Federal Minister of Labour and Economy since 18 July 2022.